Amomyrtus meli

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Meli
Amomyrtus meli 3.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Amomyrtus
Species: A. meli
Binomial name
Amomyrtus meli
(Phil.) D.Legrand & Kausel

Amomyrtus meli, known as Meli, is a species of tree endemic to Chile in the Myrtaceae family. It grows from Arauco to Chiloe (37 to 42°S). It grows mostly on moist and shaded sites.

Description[edit]

It is an evergreen tree or that measures up to 20 m (65 ft) tall and up to 60 cm (23 in) in diameter, smooth bark, decorticant, reddish-whitish color. The leaves are opposite, oval, lanceolate or elliptical with acute apex which ends in a mucro up to 1 mm long. The leaves are 2-5 long and 0.7-2.5 cm wide, the petioles are 2–4 mm long. Newly shoots are glabrous what make it different from Amomyrtus luma, species to which it resembles very much, The flowers are hermaphrodite, 5 fused sepals and 5 free white petals about 3–4 mm long. The stamens are numerous 40-80 and 5–7 mm long. The fruit is a black purplish-black berry, 5–8 mm in diameter, generally with 3 seeds about 3-4.5 mm.

Etymology[edit]

The name Amoyrtus from the Greek Amos; very fragrant, Myrtus is the family's name and Luma mapuche name of the tree.

Cultivation and uses[edit]

The wood is extremely hard and resistant and that is why it is used for elaborating tool handles, it is also planted as an ornamental tree because it blooms abundantly and is very fragrant. Its flowers are important for honey production.

External links[edit]