Amik Valley

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Amuk, Amuq, Amouq
Amik Valley is located in Turkey
Amik Valley
Shown within Turkey
Location Antakya, Turkey
Coordinates 36°20′N 36°20′E / 36.33°N 36.33°E / 36.33; 36.33
Type Cluster of Tells
History
Periods PPNB, Neolithic
Site notes
Condition Ruins
Public access Yes

The Amik, Amuk, or Amuq Valley (Arabic: الأعماق‎‎ al-A’maq) is located in the southern part of Turkey, in the Hatay Province, close to the city of Antakya (Antioch on the Orontes). Along with Dabiq in north western Syria, it is believed to be one of the future sites of the battle of Armageddon according to Islamic eschatology.[1][2][3][4][5]

It is notable for a series of archaeological sites in the "plain of Antioch".[6] The primary sites of the series are Tell al-Judaidah, Çatalhöyük (Amuq) (not to be confused with Çatalhöyük in Anatolia), Tell Tayinat, Tell Kurdu, Alalakh, and Tell Dhahab.[7] Tell Judaidah was surveyed by Robert Braidwood and excavated by C. MacEwan of the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago in the 1930s.[8][9]

Islamic Eschatology[edit]

Abu Hurayrah, a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, reported in a hadith that the Prophet said:

The Last Hour would not come until the Romans land at al-A’maq or in Dabiq. An army consisting of the best (soldiers) of the people of Earth at that time will come from Medina (to counteract them).[10]

Islamic scholars and hadith commentators suggest that the word Romans refers to Christians.[11] The hadith further relates the subsequent Muslim victory, followed by the peaceful takeover of Constantinople with invocations of takbir and tasbih, and finally the defeat of the Anti-Christ following the return and descent of Jesus Christ.[12][13] Other hadiths relate the appearance of Imam Mahdi immediately before the Second Coming of Jesus.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ MELHAME-İ KÜBRA (ARMAGEDDON) SAVAŞI (in Turkish)
  2. ^ Amik Ovası ve Armageddon Savaşı (in Turkish)
  3. ^ IŞİD’in nihai hedefi (in Turkish)
  4. ^ MELHAME-İ KÜBRA / BÜYÜK SAVAŞ (in Turkish)
  5. ^ Büyük savaş melhamei kübra (in Turkish)
  6. ^ Robert John Braidwood; Richard C. Haines; Linda S. Braidwood (1971). Excavations in the Plain of Antioch. University of Chicago Press. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  7. ^ Robert John Braidwood; Richard C. Haines; Linda S. Braidwood (August 1971). Excavations in the Plain of Antioch: The structural remains of the later phases, Chatal Hüyük, Tell Al-Judaidah, and Tell Taʻyinat, by R.C. Haines. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226621982. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  8. ^ Joseph Ward Swain (1950). The ancient world. Harper. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  9. ^ Krijna Nelly Ciggaar; David Michael Metcalf (2006). East and West in the Medieval Eastern Mediterrean: Antioch from the Byzantine reconquest until the end of the Crusader principality. Peeters Publishers. pp. 323–. ISBN 9789042917354. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  10. ^ Sahih-Muslim Hadith, Vol. 41, Chap. 9, Hadith 6924, per Abu Huraira from Quran/Hadith study site: The Only Quran. Retrieved 16 November 2014
  11. ^ Farzana Hassan (15 Jan 2008). Prophecy and the Fundamentalist Quest: An Integrative Study of Christian and Muslim Apocalyptic Religion (illustrated ed.). McFarland. p. 41. ISBN 9780786480791. 
  12. ^ Farzana Hassan (15 Jan 2008). Prophecy and the Fundamentalist Quest: An Integrative Study of Christian and Muslim Apocalyptic Religion (illustrated ed.). McFarland. pp. 41–2. ISBN 9780786480791. 
  13. ^ Muhammad Saed Abdul-Rahman (2009). The Meaning and Explanation of the Glorious Qur'an (Vol 2) (2 ed.). MSA Publication Limited. pp. 311–12. ISBN 9781861797667. 
  14. ^ Sonn (2004) p. 209

External links[edit]