Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Hemen Gupta|
|Produced by||Hemen Gupta|
|Written by||Novel: Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay|
|Based on||Bengali novel Anandamath|
by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
|Music by||Hemant Kumar|
Anand Math is a 1952 Indian bollywood historical patriotic film directed by Hemen Gupta, based on the famous Bengali novel Anandamath, written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee in 1882. The novel and film are set in the events of the Sannyasi Rebellion, which took place in the late 18th century in Bengal.In a BBC World Service poll conducted in 2003 across 165 countries, the Vande Mataram song written by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, composed by Hemant Kumar, sung by Lata Mangeshkar was voted 2nd in the "World's Top Ten" songs of all-time.
It stars Prithviraj Kapoor, Bharat Bhushan, Geeta Bali, Pradeep Kumar and Ajit in the lead. Pradeep Kumar made his debut in Hindi cinema, as did the film's music director Hemant Kumar. Hemant had already worked in Bengali cinema for a while, but then shifted to Mumbai to start a career in Hindi cinema. With this film, Hemant Kumar took a staff position as a composer with S. Mukherjee's Filmistan Studios.
Music and Background score for the film is composed by Hemant Kumar, which is also his debut film score in Hindi cinema. Notable songs included Vande Mataram, based on the song written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay. This song played an important role throughout the Indian Independence Movement and was eventually declared the "National Song" at the time of independence in 1947. Kumar's tune for Vande Mataram is still considered an important version of this popular and widely interpreted song. Geeta Roy, one of the most eminent playback singers in Hindi cinema at the time since independence, rendered songs filled with pathos in this film. Hemant Kumar and Geeta Roy started a fruitful musical collaboration for many years after this film.
- Nainon Mein Sawan - Geeta Roy
- Aa Re Banware Aa - Geeta Roy
- Jai Jagdish Hare - Geeta Roy and Hemant Kumar
- Vande Mataram - Hemant Kumar
- Hare Murara, Jai Jagdish Hare
- Vande Mataram - Lata Mangeshkar
- Bharat Bhushan as Mahendra
- Pradeep Kumar as Jivanand
- Geeta Bali as Shanti
- Ranjana as Kalyani
- Ajit Khan as Bhavanand
- Prithviraj Kapoor as Satyananda
- "The World's Top Ten". BBC World Service. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
- Pradeep Kumar Rediff.com
- Hemant Kumar Archived 17 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Film News Anandan (23 October 2004). Sadhanaigal Padaitha Thamizh Thiraipada Varalaru [History of Landmark Tamil Films] (in Tamil). Chennai: Sivakami Publishers. Archived from the original on 24 June 2018. Retrieved 24 June 2018.
- Post Independence era Vande Mataram, A most popular and evergreen Indian song.