Anatoly Kharlampiyev

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Anatoly Kharlampiyev
Anatoly Kharlampiev and Alfred Karashchuk. 1957..jpg
Training self-defense techniques, 1957, Moscow Power Engineering Institute
Born Anatoly Arkadyevich Kharlampiyev
(1906-10-29)29 October 1906
Smolensk, Russia
Died 16 April 1979(1979-04-16) (aged 72)
Moscow, Soviet Union
Nationality Russian
Style Sambo
Teacher(s) Vasili Oshchepkov
Rank Merited Master of Sports of the USSR

Anatoly Arkadyevich Kharlampiyev (Russian: Анато́лий Арка́дьевич Харла́мпиев; 29 October 1906 – 16 April 1979) was the world famous researcher of various kinds of national wrestling and martial arts, Merited Master of Sports of the USSR, Honored Coach of the USSR. He was one of the founders of Sambo, a martial art developed in the Soviet Union. [1][2] Kharlampiyev worked as a physical education trainer at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East, and also was dedicated student of boxing, having also studied fencing, acrobatics, and mountaineering. In 1938, Kharlampiyev presented Sambo to the USSR All-Union Sports Committee, which recognized the martial art as an official sport.[3]


Biography[edit]

Grandfather AA Kharlampieva - Georgy Yakovlevich Kharlampiev - was a gymnast and a fist fighter. For many years he collected, studied and classified various techniques of hand-to-hand combat, combat and self-defense. There are legends about his strength: his fingers tore three-kopeck coins; Stopped the three horses that had carried away (in the crew of which was his future wife), and others.

Father - Arkady Georgievich Kharlampiev (1888-1936) - graduated with honors from the Academy of Arts and was sent to Paris at the state expense to continue his studies. After a while, because of a lack of funds for continuing studies began to speak in a professional European ring. Soon became the champion of France, and then - and Europe (in the absolute category) Returning to Russia, Arkady Georgievich began to popularize boxing. He is considered one of the founders of the Russian boxing school.

From his early childhood, Anatoly Arkadievich was trained by his grandfather and father. At the age of 6 he acted in the room of aerial gymnasts under the dome of the circus. At sixteen - was quite a versatile athlete and a well-trained wrestler and boxer.

Creating Sambo[edit]

AA Harlampiev dedicated his life to the creation and development of a new application of the sport - Sambo. Since the beginning of 1920 he began to collect and systematize national games containing methods of struggle; since 1934 - to describe and classify the sports and fighting techniques. In 1936 he graduated from the Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (Department of judo directed by Vasili Oshchepkov).

Since 1935 Harlampiev led training in judo at the Moscow Palace of Sports "Wings of the Soviets". Member of the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945). From 1945 to 1952 he worked as a senior manager of the Central "Dinamo" Council. Since 1953 - Associate Professor, Department of Physical Education Dept.

His predecessors in the creation of a new national wrestling clothing (including the most effective means of other forms of struggle) were Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov (whose student was Harlampiev). And every one of his predecessors, and Harlampiev variously saw the object creation.

AA Harlampiev created Sambo system including a sports subsystem (which is the foundation) and the military (which was seen as the target application add-in). Sport subsystem eventually became known as sambo (or simply - Sambo), and combat - combat sambo. Foundations Sambo Harlampiev system paid special attention, did everything possible for the development of Sambo as a mass sport. He was convinced that only a well-mastered wrestling Sambo can be successful in combat sambo.

By creating a system of Sambo, AA Harlampiev carefully studied judo and mastered it in practice. In judo, he saw evidence of a new type of combat clothing, enriched with the most effective techniques of other forms of struggle. Judo he mastered under the direction of Vasili Oshchepkov that during long-term stay in Japan practiced in Kodokan Judo school.

In the years of physical training instructor at the Communist University of the Toilers of the East (TAS) and the International Society of red stadium builders (OSMKS) AA Harlampiev continued to study different kinds of combat.

The Communist University of the Toilers of the East has gathered many professional revolutionaries from Asia (China, Mongolia, and others.). Some of them are good possessed techniques of martial arts, and Anatoly Abramovich did not miss any opportunity to learn in practice (in a fight or show) new techniques for themselves struggle. In his arsenal have been Fight and machinery British boxing, and fencing equipment. The development of new techniques facilitated by the fact that he was a good climber and acrobat.

Comprehension of the essence of the struggle (both science and art) assisted learning techniques and tactics of fights outstanding fighters (Ivan Poddubny, Klimenty Buhl et al.).

For a number of years Harlampiev annually traveled to the Central Asian and Caucasus republics for the study of national kinds of struggle. He studied and systematized techniques and training methods. He took part in the competitions. With a body weight of 72 kg and sometimes beaten heavyweights. Based on these journeys AA Kharlampiev in 1983 film Invincible was withdrawn.

Official recognition of the Soviet Union a new kind of wrestling clothing[edit]

Largely through the efforts Harlampiev created by him and his predecessors - Viktor Spiridonov and Vasili Oshchepkov - a new type of combat clothing in 1938 was officially recognized as a sport of the USSR, has important military significance.[4]

In 1938, the first collection of coaches struggle in the clothes. Senior coach of the participants of this gathering was appointed AA Harlampiev. Collect completed the All-Union Conference. The morning session (5 July 1938) heard a report by AA Kharlampiev "Fundamentals of the Soviet fight freestyle", and in the evening - it is a report "On the taxonomy of the Soviet struggle freestyle.

A. Kharlampiev "Fundamentals of the Soviet fight freestyle", and in the evening - it is a report "On the taxonomy of the Soviet fight freestyle". The research results presented AA Kharlampiev in its reports were discussed and approved. Prepared them materials (containing the description of the terminology, techniques and technology of their preparation and conduct, rules of struggle and methods of teaching it), it was recommended immediately and widely used as a basis for teaching aids.

These materials have become the core of methodological support of the formation of a new kind of struggle, and the documented historical basis of the order № 633 ( "On the development of the struggle of a freestyle") All-Union Committee for Physical Education and Sport.

November 16, 1938 at Physical Education and Sports Union Committee issued an order number 633 "On the development of the struggle of a freestyle." It began its intensive cultivation, to make mass sport. Already on 28-29 November 1938 the first official competitions were held. They were held in Baku (in the "Dinamo" Sports Palace).

Anatoly Harlampiev then took second place in the middleweight (79 kg), and his student Evgeny Chumakov has won the flyweight (56 kg).

In 1939, the first championship of the Soviet Union [3], on which Eugene Chumakov became the champion in the featherweight division.

The Great Patriotic War[edit]

Began the development of a new kind of wrestling was halted by World War II. AA Harlampiev volunteer went to the front.

In the Red Army, with a July 7, 1941. Since September 1941 - the 18 th Infantry Division of the Leningrad region of Moscow. Easily injured.

Candidate member of the CPSU (b) since February 1944.

Armed Forces Order of the 50th Army of the 2nd Belorussian Front number: 416 on: 18.06.1944, the senior methodologist cabinet physiotherapy GAR 183 senior lieutenant Administrative Service Harlampiev awarded the medal "For Service in Battle" for teaching skills to protect the wounded and the attack, close combat, ski equipment and drawing up of a number of systems for the treatment of a variety of functions.

Began the development of a new kind of wrestling was halted by World War II. AA Harlampiev volunteer went to the front.

In the Red Army, with a July 7, 1941. Since September 1941 - the 18 th Infantry Division of the Leningrad region of Moscow. Easily injured.

Candidate member of the CPSU (b) since February 1944.

Armed Forces Order of the 50th Army of the 2nd Byelorussian Front number: 416 on: 18.06.1944, the senior methodologist cabinet physiotherapy GAR 183 senior lieutenant Administrative Service Harlampiev awarded the medal "For Service in Battle" for teaching skills to protect the wounded and the attack, close combat, ski equipment and drawing up of a number of systems for the treatment of a variety of functions

After the war[edit]

After the war, AA Harlampiev stepped up its activities on the development and spread of a new kind of struggle. Since 1947, the holding of the USSR championships continued.

In 1947, the Second All-Union gathering of trainers was held on the initiative of AA Kharlampiev. On it was decided a new type of combat clothing, cultivated in the Soviet Union, called sambo (abbr. From the "self-defense without weapons"). At the same assembly, it was decided to create a Federation of Sambo.

Competitions sambo became a regular basis in the cities, regions and republics of the Soviet Union. It began publication of educational materials Sambo. Sports and educational work with young people, young people and security forces in the sections sambo, which was held by Anatoly Abramovich (head coach of the anti DSO "Wings of the Soviets" (Moscow); senior "Dynamo" CA coach (1945-1952)) and his companions, He boosted the number involved in the fight Sambo in the USSR.

In those years, AA Harlampiev may have been one of the most prolific coaches Sambo.

Not only because of his pupils became masters and champions of the USSR. Pupil A. Kharlampiev - talented coach Eugene Chumakov - by the 1960 produced in his "SKIFovskoy forge" greater Soviet champions than any trainer on sambo those years.

In 1953 Kharlampiev became Associate Professor of Moscow Power Engineering Institute (MPEI). Since that time, the struggle of sambo began to spread in universities in Moscow and other cities of the USSR. According to the memoirs Ilyin Vladimir Dmitrievich, MPEI graduate, doctor of technical sciences, professor; student AA Kharlampiev from 1954 to 1961.

1958 USSR Championship in Minsk students Kharlampiev AA first became champions of the USSR Sambo Vadim Izbekov - at a weight of 56 kg, and Alfred Karashchuk - up to 77 kg. Yuri Z won the silver medal in the weight category up to 85 kg.

Pupils[edit]

During his time at MEI AA Harlampiev prepared dozens of Master of Sports in Sambo. Among them - the graduates of MPEI: three-time USSR champion middleweight champion Alfred Karashchuk, USSR champion in flyweight champion Vadim Izbekov, silver and bronze medalist of the USSR championship in the light heavyweight champion Yuri Z, bronze medalist Viktor Golyakov. And the very first in the MEI Master of Sports in Sambo (in 1956) was Anatoly Pydrin.

Coach business Harlampiev continue his disciples. Among them, Valery Volostnych, Master of Sports in Sambo and judo, honored coach of Russia, Professor of the Department of Physical Education and Sports Dept, who trained masters of international class, Champions in Combat Sambo.

Death[edit]

April 6, 1979 Anatoly Kharlampiyev died.

Memory[edit]

First All-Union tournament in combat sambo memory AA Kharlampiev held in Moscow universal gym "Friendship" 10 - 11 October 1980. Since 1982, these events have become international.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Martial Arts of the World: Regions and individual arts - Thomas A. Green, Joseph R. Svinth - Google Books". Books.google.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-02-06. 
  2. ^ Andavolu, Krishna (1937-09-29). "Sambo's Gulag Past and MMA Future | FIGHTLAND". Fightland.vice.com. Retrieved 2014-02-06. 
  3. ^ "MMA Origins: Russian Revolution". Bloody Elbow. Retrieved 2014-02-06. 
  4. ^ Robert Hill (2010). World of Martial Arts !. Lulu.com. ISBN 978-0-557-01663-1. 

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