Andrew Stuart, 1st Baron Castle Stuart

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Andrew Stewart, 1st Baron Castle Stuart (1560–1629) was a Scottish nobleman, soldier, courtier to King James VI and I and one of the chief undertakers in the Ulster Plantation.

Biography[edit]

Described as 'a nobleman of impeccable background and proven military ability', he was the only son and heir of Andrew Stewart (d.1578), Master of Ochiltree, and Margaret, daughter of his first cousin Henry Stewart, 2nd Lord Methven of Methven Castle. He was the grandson of Andrew Stewart, 2nd Lord Ochiltree, whose title he succeeded to after his father predeceased his grandfather.

He became a General in the Artillery and held the office of General of Edinburgh Castle. He was appointed to the court position of Gentleman of the Bedchamber to James VI and I on 12 January 1587.[1] On the death of his grandfather in 1591, he became the 3rd Lord Ochiltree and inherited estates in Galloway and Strathclyde.

In August 1592 the king sent him to raid the House of Row in Liddesdale to catch counterfeiters and their coining irons who were working for the rebel Francis Stewart, 5th Earl of Bothwell. He joined forces with his brother-in-law, the laird of Ferniehirst, or Andrew Ker of Jedburgh, and captured two men at Row, a number of 30 shilling coins, and the coining irons in the tower, but the master coiner escaped to England.[2]

He was lieutenant and warden of the West March of Scotland in 1597.[3]

A warrant from James VI dated July 1598 to the treasurer, Walter Stewart of Blantyre, requests 3,000 merks to be used to redeem jewels belonging to the queen which he had pledged for a loan. The 3,000 merks was given to Andrew Stuart, who paid off the loan (possibly from George Heriot) and redeemed two of the queen's jewels.[4]

In 1608, he was sent by the King to quell feuds in the Western Isles, taking with him his uncle, John Knox. His orders including the destruction of shipping, named in his commissions as lymphads, galleys, and birlinns belonging to rebellious subjects.[5]

Though successful in this campaign, the King had no money with which to reward his military service and instead (in 1609) offered him 3,000 acres of land in County Tyrone, which included the Manors of Castlestewart and later Manor Forward, encompassing the area around Farlough and Roughan, all in the Barony of Dungannon. He was one of the chief 'planters' or 'undertakers' in the Ulster Plantation and in 1611 he settled on these estates. He built houses, farmed the land, constructed Roughan Castle and provided housing and employment for the local populace. He lived at Irry, which was later renamed Stuart Hall by his descendants.

In 1615, with the King's consent, to raise money he resigned the feudal Barony of Ochiltree and sold it to his first cousin, Sir James Stuart, son of James Stewart, Earl of Arran. As compensation, in 1619, James VI and I raised him to the Peerage of Ireland and created him Baron Castle Stewart. No parliament sat between the years of 1615 and 1634, so he never voted.

Family[edit]

In 1587, he married Margaret, daughter of Sir John Kennedy of Blairquhan Castle, Ayrshire. They were the parents of five children:

Mary Kennedy, Lady Ochiltree helped bring up Princess Elizabeth at Linlithgow Palace.[6]

He is the ancestor of the Earls of Castle Stewart through his third son, Robert Stewart of Irry.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Register of the Privy Seal.
  2. ^ Robert Chambers, Domestic Annals of Scotland, vol. 1 (Edinburgh, 1858), p. 240 citing David Moysie.
  3. ^ David Masson, Register of the Privy Council, vol. 5 (Edinburgh, 1882), p. 424, 432-3.
  4. ^ Analecta Scotica, 2nd series (Edinburgh, 1837), p. 382-3.
  5. ^ HMC 6th Report: Duke of Argyll (London, 1877), p. 623 "lumfaddis" and "birlinges".
  6. ^ Mary Anne Everett Green, Elizabeth Queen of Bohemia (London, 1902), p. 3.
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Lord Ochiltree
1591–1615
Resigned
title transferred to James Stewart
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron Castle Stuart
1619–1629
Succeeded by