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|• Total||8.92 km2 (3.44 sq mi)|
|Elevation||404 m (1,325 ft)|
|• Density||640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Ankapur or Ankapoor is a small, self-sufficient, progressive Model Village located in Armoor Mandal, Nizamabad District, Telangana state of, India. The village is 400 years old and is located on eastern side of the National Highway 63(NH16) connecting Nizamabad with Jagdalpur (CHG) also near to another National Highway 43(NH7) connecting Hyderabad and Nagpur. It lies 77 degrees 51 E longitude and 18 degrees 30 N latitude at an elevation of 404 meters above sea level. It receives an annual rainfall of about 1100 mm and experiences a subtropical climate.
In recent years the farmers have adopted modern methods and have succeeded in substituting subsistence farming with commercial farming. Besides cultivating commercial crops like turmeric, maize and vegetables on a large scale, the farming communities have been raising crops for seeds in preference to cereals and traditional crops for food grains.
The total geographical area is 2,205 acres (892 ha).
At the 2011 census, the population of the village was 5689. There are 4070 voters.
Major cash/commercial crops grown in the village:
Farmers grow vegetables as short term crops.
Ankapur (Ankapoor)village has been recognized as a Model Village by the International Rice Research Institute. Besides cultivating commercial crops, and vegetables on a large scale, the local farming communities have been raising crops for seeds in preference to cereals and traditional crops of food grains. The Peasant Association of the village coordinates, organizes and controls agricultural development programmes.
Seed Bowl of Telangana
Ankapur is a hub for commercial seed production of Sorghum(Red Jowar) and Pearl Millet(Bajra). These seeds were introduced in 1975 by National Seeds Corporation (NSC) in Ankapur Village on an experimental basis. Seeds cultivation has spread to surrounding mandals and villages. The turnover of the seed industry in Armoor mandal is around hundred crores.
There are about 30 seed processing plants in the village. The seeds after production and processing are exported to North Indian states for fodder grass. Seeds companies like Pioneer, Pro-Agro, Ganga Kaveri, Kaveri, Tulasi, Nuziveedu have processing plants in Ankapur Village.
The seed industry has solved the local unemployment problem to a large extent.
Village Development Committee(VDC)
Village Development Committee(VDC) alias Sarva Samaj is powerful decision making body of the village. The decision taken in the committee are final and villagers must follow them. It comprises people from all the castes and religions of the village. Two people from each caste and religion act as members on a yearly basis. As this committee is composed of the people from all castes and religions the decision taken in this body have cent percent acceptance from the villagers. The decisions are taken in a democratic manner in the interest of the village. The unity and code of conduct of the village to a great extent are the efforts of this VDC.
Ankapur Farmers Association alias Raithu Sangham plays important role in the agriculture development of the village. It assists farmers from production phase to marketing.
Awards and recognition
- The government of Andhra Pradesh has recognized it as Model Village and awarded "Best Village" title.
- The village was awarded Model Village for cent percent tax collection for the past five years consecutively by District Magistrate or collector.
- International agencies like IRRI, ICRISAT, CRIDA, ICAR, recognize it as a Model Village.
Important Factors in village development
- A strong socially fabricated organizational set-up i.e. village development committee (VDC) which solves the villager’s personal problems, in the lead role.
- The lead role the women play in carrying out the agricultural activities viz., sowing, weeding, harvesting and supervision of farm labour.
- Their shift from traditional agriculture to commercialization of agriculture through seed production with high cropping intensity.
- The importance of role played by the women in getting more income from various crops.
- More than 90 per cent of the domestic activities are attended by women.
- Appreciable influence of women on the decision making process related to domestic affairs ad also on agricultural activitieslike labour utilization and supervision.
- Small operational landholding size with intensive cultivation.
- Raising three crops in a calendar year thus the crop intensity is about 300%.
- Application of three truck load of farmyard manure (FYM) whenever the soil losses its fertility status which is tested based upon the turbidity of the soil.
- Lesser application of chemical fertilizer and plant protection measures.
- Seed production of maize, sorghum, bajra and commercial crops like turmeric, and vegetables.
- No land is kept barren in the village.
- Turmeric and maize are cultivated as intercrop.
- All the crops grown in this village meet the domestic requirement of the farm household (garlic, ginger, chillies, red gram,coriander, raddish and leafy vegetables raised in small areas).
- When the power supply is erratic each farmer collects the water in a pond on the elevated structure and the water is released to the fields as per the convenience.
- Village level disciplinary committee is formed, if anybody does not obey the committee he/she will be socially boycotted.
- The village market yard facilitates the farmers to sell those farm produce.
- The farmer’s financial discipline made both the cooperative bank and nationalized banks (Andhra Bank, SBI) to run in a profitable way and they are pro-farmer.
- Organic and sustainable agriculture is the main concern of the farmers which ultimately protected the natural resource base of the village over the years.
- Farmers periodically attend the soil health problems.
- Women folk generally take care of farm operations and men look after the marketing related works. Women played great role inthe agricultural development of the village.
- Telangana Chief Minister Kalvakuntla Chandra Sekhar Rao (KCR) visited Ankapur village in the year 1985 as a MLA and in the year 2015 as Chief Minister.
- Former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Nandamuri Taraka Rama Rao (NTR) visited Ankapur village in the year 1983 in his Telugu Desam Party (TDP) launch campaign.
- Former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh YS Rajsekhara Reddy visited Ankapur village in the year 1999 as PCC President.
- Former Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Nara Chandra Babu Naidu visited Ankapur village in the year 1988 as chaiperson of Karshaka Parishad.
- Agriculture scientists from 17 countries visited Ankapur village in the year 2015 to study modern agriculture practices and commercial seed industry.
- visitors from all over the Telangana, India and world visit Ankapur village.
Ankapur is located 183 kilometres from Hyderabad, 20 kilometres from Nizamabad and 5 kilometres from Armoor. It is connected by road through the four-lane national highway NH7 (NH44). Journey time would be 3 hours.
As of this edit, this article uses content from "Ankapur website[dead link]", which is licensed in a way that permits reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, but not under the GFDL. All relevant terms must be followed.
- "Ankapur: A Model Village" (PDF). Kurukshetra-the monthly Journal of Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India. September 2006. pp. 42–47. Retrieved 2010-10-09.
- "Integrating Seed Systems for Annual Food Crops" (PDF). Centre for Alleviation of Poverty through Secondary Crops' Development in Asia and the Pacific. October 1995. p. 65. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
- "Sparking a Grey-to-Green Revolution for Dry Areas". International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. April 2008. p. para9. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- "Spices in Sri Lanka, India and Bangladesh with special reference to the usages and consumptions" (PDF). Rice Research Center, Hyderabad, India. October 2007. p. 1,2,24. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- "The Role of Sustainable Agriculture and Renewable-Resource Management in Reducing Greenhouse-Gas Emissions and Increasing Sinks in China and India." (PDF). Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Banglore, India. June 2002. p. 18. Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- "Ankapur A Model Village-Substituting Subsistence Orientation with Commercialization." (PDF). Kurukshetra Magazine,Ministry of Rural Developmeuntitled foldernt, Government of India. September 2006. p. 6. Retrieved 2006-09-25.
- "Ankapur A Model Village-Commercial Seed Production and processing industry" (PDF). Eenadu Telugu Daily Sunday Magazine(Time Magazine of Andhra Pradesh). October 2012. p. 5. Retrieved 2012-10-14.