Anne Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick
|16th Countess of Warwick (suo jure)|
Countess of Salisbury
|Born||Lady Anne Beauchamp|
13 July 1426
|Died||20 September 1492(aged 66)|
|Spouse(s)||Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick|
|Father||Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick|
|Mother||Isabel le Despenser, Countess of Worcester and Warwick|
Anne Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick (13 July 1426 – 20 September 1492) was the daughter of Richard Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick, and his second wife Isabel le Despenser, a daughter of Thomas le Despenser (22 September 1373 – 13 January 1399/1400) and Constance of York. Anne Beauchamp was the mother of Anne Neville, Queen consort of England as the spouse of King Richard III.
Anne de Beauchamp was born at Caversham Castle in Oxfordshire (now Berkshire). She married Richard Neville 'the Kingmaker' – and her brother Henry Beauchamp married Richard's sister Cecily – in 1436. Following the death of Anne's father in 1439, and subsequently that of her brother Henry in 1446, and his infant daughter Lady Anne in 1449, Neville inherited the title and the considerable estates of the Earldom of Warwick through his wife.
However, this was contested by Anne's three older half-sisters, children of her father's first marriage to Elizabeth, heir of Berkeley. One of these, Lady Eleanor, was married to Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset (killed at the First Battle of St Albans in 1455). The litigation over the Warwick inheritance only fuelled the enmity between this branch of the Nevilles and the Beauforts who were closely related. Anne Beauchamp's husband, Richard, was the grandson of Lady Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland, sister of the Duke's late father. Law considered that Anne Beauchamp being a full-blooded aunt of the last countess was more eligible to inherit than her older half-sisters, who were thus not coheirs with her, including the eldest – Lady Margaret, Countess of Shrewsbury (d. 1468). Richard Neville succeeded in keeping the Warwick and Despencer estates intact.
Her older daughter, Lady Isabel, married George, Duke of Clarence, the younger brother of King Edward IV of England. Her younger daughter, Lady Anne Neville, was married to Edward of Westminster, the only son of King Henry VI. When Edward of Westminster was killed in the Battle of Tewkesbury, Anne Neville was married to Richard, Duke of Gloucester, later King Richard III of England. Although their mother was still living, the husbands of the two Neville sisters fought over their inheritance, while Anne was declared legally dead by Parliament. To win his brother George's final consent to the marriage with Anne, Richard renounced most of Warwick's land and property including the earldoms of Warwick (which the Kingmaker had held in his wife's right) and Salisbury and surrendered to Clarence the office of Great Chamberlain of England. After George was executed for treason in 1478, his son Edward inherited the title of Earl of Warwick, while Richard's son was styled Earl of Salisbury.
Anne died in obscurity, having survived her husband, her daughters and the sons-in-law who had effectively disinherited her. She was in sanctuary at Beaulieu Abbey in 1486 when she petitioned Henry VII for the return of her estate. She recovered a small portion, but only on condition that she broke the entail and remit the bulk of them to Henry VII. "The 'Warwick and Spencer lands', her own patrimony became part of the crown estate."
Anne, Countess of Warwick appears prominently in the Philippa Gregory novels The White Queen (2009), The Red Queen (2010), and The Kingmaker's Daughter (2012), and is played by Juliet Aubrey in the 2013 television adaptation of all three novels, The White Queen. She is depicted as a coldly ambitious mother to Isabel and Anne Neville, and her husband's staunchest supporter.
A more sympathetic portrayal of the Countess of Warwick is in the novel The Sunne in Splendour by Sharon Kay Penman, and a maternal view of her is observed in The Reluctant Queen by Jean Plaidy. Novelist Sandra Worth represents the Countess as her husband's conscience in her five novels about the Wars of the Roses. The Countess is depicted as being especially close to her grandson Edward of Middleham. Another sympathetic portrayal of Anne Beauchamp is Wife to the Kingmaker, a 1974 title by Sandra Wilson.
- Hicks, Michael (26 August 2011). Anne Neville: Queen to Richard III. History Press. ISBN 978-0-7524-6887-7.
- Hicks, Michael (1998). Warwick the Kingmaker, p.24. Blackwell, Oxford. ISBN 0-631-16259-3.
- Hicks, M. A. (1979). "Descent, Partition and Extinction: the 'Warwick Inheritance'1". Historical Research. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 52 (126): 116–128. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2281.1979.tb02217.x.
- Lewis, Matthew (2013) The Wars Of The Roses In 100 Facts, no.80, Amberley Publishing, Stroud. ISBN 9781445647463.
- Kendall P.M., Richard III, 1955. Reprinted: Kendall, Paul Murray (2002). Richard the Third. W. W. Norton. p. 608. ISBN 978-0-393-00785-5.
- Ashdown-Hill, John (3 March 2014). Third Plantagenet: George, Duke of Clarence, Richard III's Brother. History Press. ISBN 978-0-7509-5539-3.
- Wolffe, B.P. Crown Lands, 1461–1536: An Aspect of Yorkist and Early Tudor Government. Allen & Unwin. p. 216. ISBN 978-0049420816.
- Dennison, Matthew (17 August 2012). "Review: The Kingmaker's Daughter by Philippa Gregory". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- Genzlinger, Neil (9 August 2013). "'The White Queen' Has Its Premiere on Starz". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
- Holland, Cecelia (27 April 1975). "Timeless core in historical fiction". Los Angeles Times. p. 559. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
|Peerage of England|
| Countess of Warwick