Annette Ashberry

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Annette Ashberry
Born
Hannah Annenberg

9 March 1894
Hackney, London
Died2 September 1990
Chelmsford, Essex
NationalityBritish
Other namesAnne Ashberry
OccupationEngineer, Gardener and Author
Parent(s)
  • Israel Annenberg (father)

Annette Ashberry (9 March 1894 - 2 September 1990), also known as Anne Ashberry, was a British engineer, gardener and author, and the first woman elected to the Society of Engineers.

Early life[edit]

Annette Ashberry was born in Hackney on 9th March 1894 to Israel and Leah Annenberg,[1] part of a large Jewish immigrant family from Russia. She had six brothers and five sisters. Her father changed their surname from Annenberg to Ashberry in response to the anti-German sentiment which built ahead of the First World War.[2]

Career[edit]

Like many women, Ashberry worked on munitions during the First World War. She began her career in engineering in 1916, inspecting fuses in a factory.[3] She had a keen interest in engineering which led to her working for British Thomson-Houston dealing with magnetos.[4]

Ashberry joined the Galloway Engineering Company's (mainly female staffed) Tongland factory near Kirkcudbright and became the Secretary of the Tongland Branch of the Women's Engineering Society (WES), which was formed in 1919 following a visit of the first WES secretary Caroline Haslett[5]. Ashberry and fellow Galloway Engineering Company engineer Dora Turner wrote about their views of the future of women in engineering, including the question "Would it not be possible for other firms to build and equip factories especially for women labour?"[6].

The end of hostilities brought a slowdown in her career opportunities, and Ashberry began studying for a BSc in engineering at Loughborough Technical College.[7]

The newly formed Women's Engineering Society then encouraged her to open an engineering factory which focused on employing women. In 1920, Ashberry founded Atalanta Ltd in Loughborough, along with Rachel Parsons, Caroline Haslett, Lady Eleanor Shelley-Rolls, Dora Turner, and Mr Schofield, the head of Loughborough Technical College.[4][8][9][10]

Atalanta struggled at first, but in 1922, they moved to Brixton, London, and started to see successes.[11][8][12] The same year Ashberry won a prize from the Women's Engineering Society for the design of a dishwasher and obtained her first patent for a vegetable peeler.[2]

In 1925, Ashberry was the first woman to be elected to the Society of Engineers and delivered the first address by a woman to the Society's members on 1st November 1926.[4][13]

By 1937, Ashberry had closed Atalanta Ltd. for business and moved into an entirely different field of work: miniature gardens[disambiguation needed].[8] She started a business in Kensington producing landscapes in ordinary window boxes which she sold to elderly and disabled gardeners and those living in flats.

The Second World War brought a necessary return to engineering for Ashberry, but in 1945 she was able to purchase a cottage in Chignall Smealy and resume her miniature gardening business.[14] In this field she was better known as Anne Ashberry and became famous for her nursery and designs. She exhibited at Chelsea Flower Shows, The Festival of Britain Exhibition and on television. She published 7 books, starting with Miniature Gardens in 1952.[2] A film about miniature gardens featuring Ashberry was made by British Pathé in 1952.[14] Other notable books included Bottled Garden and Fern Cases (1964) and Alpine Lawns (1966).[15]

Ashberry died in Chelmsford, Essex on 2 September 1990, aged 96.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Ancestry". www.ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-07-15.
  2. ^ a b c "Loughborough History and Heritage Network | The life of Annette Ashberry – a pioneering Woman engineer". Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  3. ^ Cairns, J.A.R. (1928). Careers for Girls. Hutchinson & Company, Limited. p. 108.
  4. ^ a b c "Annette Ashberry, AMSE". Look and Learn History Picture Library. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  5. ^ "The Women's Engineering Society". The Limit - A record of our unlimited talent. Issue 3: 9. September 1919.
  6. ^ Ashberry, A; Turner, D W (March 1920). "Impressions from Kirkcudbright". The Woman Engineer. 1 (2): 12–13.
  7. ^ Clarsen, Georgine (2008-10-01). Eat My Dust: Early Women Motorists. JHU Press. p. 62. ISBN 9781421405148.
  8. ^ a b c "Atalanta Ltd - Graces Guide". www.gracesguide.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-06-19.
  9. ^ "Women as Engineers: New company's promising start". The Times (42652). 23 February 1921. p. 7.
  10. ^ "Atalanta Ltd". The Woman Engineer. 1 (6): 59. March 1921.
  11. ^ Popular Science. Bonnier Corporation. March 1927. p. 25.
  12. ^ "Atalanta, Ltd". The Woman Engineer. 1: 225. March 1923.
  13. ^ "Proceedings". Eastern Engineer. 17: 361. 1926.
  14. ^ a b "Miniature Gardens". www.britishpathe.com. British Pathé. 30 March 1952. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
  15. ^ Hay, Roy (26 November 1966). "Ideas for Alpine lawns and bottle gardens". The Times (56799). p. 11.