|Scottish Gaelic: Cille Chuithbeirt|
Kirkcudbright shown within Dumfries and Galloway
|OS grid reference|
|Council area||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Lieutenancy area||The Stewartry of Kirkcudbright|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|UK Parliament||Dumfries and Galloway|
|Scottish Parliament||Galloway and West Dumfries|
An early rendition of the name of the town was Kilcudbrit; this derives from the Gaelic Cille Chuithbeirt meaning "chapel of Cuthbert", the Anglian saint whose mortal remains were kept at the town between their exhumation at Lindisfarne and reinterment at Chester-le-Street.
Spottiswood, in his account of religious houses in Scotland, mentions that the Franciscans or Grey Friars had been established at Kirkcudbright from the 12th century. No traces of the Greyfriars or Franciscan dwellings remain in the parish of Kirkcudbright.
In 1453 Kirkcudbright became a royal burgh, and about a century later, the magistrates of the town obtained permission from Queen Mary to use part of the convent and nunnery as a parish church. From around 1570, Sir Thomas MacLellan of Bombie, the chief magistrate, received a charter for the site, its grounds and gardens. MacLellan dismantled the church in order to obtain material for his new castle, a very fine house, which was built on the site.
After defeat at the Battle of Towton, Henry VI of England crossed the Solway Firth in August 1461 to land at Kirkcudbright in support of Queen Margaret at Linlithgow. The town also for some time withstood a siege in 1547 from the English commander Sir Thomas Carleton but after the surrounding countryside had been overrun was compelled to surrender.
Kirkcudbright Tolbooth was built between 1625 and 1629 and served not only as the tolbooth, but also the council offices, the burg and sheriff courts, the criminal prison and the debtors' prison. One of the most famous prisoners was John Paul Jones, hero of the American navy, who was born in nearby Kirkbean.
Kirkcudbright Training Area 
Like many other remote areas during World War II, a 4,700-acre (19 km2) area to the southeast of the town and extending to the coast of the Solway Firth, was acquired by the Army in 1942, as a training area for the D Day invasion. The area remains in active use for live-firing exercises to this day. Part of the training area is the Dundrennan Range, a weapons development and testing range. The use of this range for the testing of depleted uranium shells has been controversial. The range also contains one of the two surviving A39 Tortoise heavy assault tanks from the six prototypes originally produced. The 32-pdr gun has been removed and the tank is used for target practice. Due to the sites designation as a Site of Special Scientific Interest removal of the tank to a museam is unlikely.
The Stewartry Museum was founded in 1879 and was at first based in the Town Hall until it became too small to house the collections. The collection moved to a purpose built site and contains the local and natural history of the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright. Britain's earliest surviving sporting trophy, the Siller Gun, is part of the collection, as are paintings by many local artists.
Kirkcudbright has had a long association with the Glasgow art movement, which started when several artists, including the Glasgow Boys and the famed Scottish Colourists, such as Samuel Peploe and Francis Cadell, based themselves in the area over a 30-year period from 1880 to 1910, establishing the Kirkcudbright Artists' Colony.
Many of them moved to the town from Glasgow, including Edward Hornel, George Henry and Jessie M. King. Their presence led to Kirkcudbright becoming known as "the artists' town", although town residents see the town as a "fishing town": as the town has a harbour, this soubriquet may have originated more from tourist-board publicity rather than local usage.
Landscape and figure painter William Hanna Clarke lived in Kirkcudbright and many of his works featured Kirkcudbright. He is buried in the town's churchyard and his tombstone was carved by friend, Glasgow sculptor, Alexander Proudfoot.
Cinema and literature
The whodunit Five Red Herrings by Dorothy L. Sayers involves the artistic community of Kirkcudbright. In 1975, the book was made into a film shot in the town, with Ian Carmichael playing the lead role of Lord Peter Wimsey.
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- Learmonth, W (2012) Kirkcudbrightshire and Wigtownshire, Cambridgeshire: Cambridge University Press
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- Slaving and a Murder Trial. Retrieved on 14 November 2012.
- 1770 Extract of Warrant for the arrest of John Paul (Jones). Scan.org.uk. Retrieved on 14 November 2012.
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- "Weapon test move comes under fire". BBC News. 11 March 2008.
- Museums Galleries Scotland (2015) 'The Stewartry Museum', Museums Galleries Scotland. Uniform Resource Locator: http://www.museumsgalleriesscotland.org.uk/member/the-stewartry-museum
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- Tolbooth Arts Centre. Kirkcudbright.co.uk. Retrieved on 22 June 2011.
- Dumfries and Galloway Council (2015) 'Dumfries and Galloway Council : Tolbooth Art Centre, Kirkcudbright', Dumfries and Galloway Council. Uniform Resource Locator: http://www.dumgal.gov.uk/index.aspx?articleid=3639
- VisitScotland (2015) 'Tolbooth Art Centre - Kirkcudbright - VisitScotland', VisitScotland.com. Uniform Resource Locator: http://www.visitscotland.com/info/see-do/tolbooth-art-centre-p249601
- Artists' Town official website. Kirkcudbright. Retrieved on 22 June 2011.
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- St Cuthbert Wanderers FC (2014) 'St Cuthbert Wanderers FC', Custom Software Systems. Uniform Resource Locator: http://www.stcuthbertwanderers.co.uk/
- Five Red Herrings
- IMDb.com, Incorporation (1990) 'Five Red Herrings (TV Mini-Series 1975) - IMDb', Internet Movie Database. Uniform Resource Locator: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0072502/
- IMDb.com, Incorporation (1990) 'The Wicker Man (1973) - IMDb', Internet Movie Database. Uniform Resource Locator: http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0070917/
- Media related to Kirkcudbright at Wikimedia Commons
- Visit Kirkcudbright Website
- Kirkcudbright Community Website