Anthony, Duke of Brabant
|Anthony, Duke of Brabant|
A bust of Anthony in the Château de Versailles
|Died||25 October 1415 (aged 31)|
|Spouse(s)||Jeanne de Saint Pol|
Elisabeth of Görlitz
|Father||Philip II, Duke of Burgundy|
|Mother||Margaret III of Flanders|
Anthony, Duke of Brabant, also known as Antoine de Brabant, Antoine de Bourgogne and Anthony of Burgundy (August 1384 – 25 October 1415, at the battle of Agincourt), was Count of Rethel (1402–1406), Duke of Brabant, Lothier and Limburg (1406–1415), and Co-Duke of Luxemburg (1411-1415).
Anthony was the son of Philip II, Duke of Burgundy, and Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, and brother of John the Fearless. When his grandaunt Joanna died childless in 1406, Anthony inherited the Duchy of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg, thus becoming the first Brabantian ruler of the House of Valois.
The Duke of Brabant arrived late to the Battle of Agincourt, and in his eagerness to reach the field, he dressed in improvised armour and wore a surcoat made from a trumpeter's flag. He fought valiantly but was captured by some English archers. He was executed along with the rest of the prisoners ordered by Henry V of England, the English being unaware of his high status and ransom value.
The execution was carried out as the much smaller English force found itself stretched to its limits, guarding prisoners with the battle still not won. A counterattack on the King's baggage train (guarded only by women and children) is thought to have driven King Henry to the decision, thinking he was being attacked from the rear and some chroniclers have given Brabant's belated charge as this very cause, adding to the Duke's chivalric but tragic final story (see "Agincourt", J. Barker 2005). Subsequently the executions stopped immediately the attack was seen to falter.
Marriages and family
- William (2 June 1410 – 10 July 1410, Brussels)
- unknown (1412)
He also had two illegitimate daughters.
- Willem Pieter Blockmans and Walter Prevenier, The Promised Lands: The Low Countries under Burgundian rule, 1369-1530, (University Pennsylvania Press, 1999), 30-31.
- The Battle of Agincourt: Sources and Interpretations, ed. Anne Curry, (The Boydell Press, 2000), 174.
- Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, (The Boydell Press, 2009), 90.
- Richard Vaughan, Philip the Bold, 90.
Anthony, Duke of Brabant
Cadet branch of the House of ValoisBorn: August 1384 Died: 25 October 1415
Margaret and Philip I
| Count of Rethel
| Duke of Brabant, Lothier, and Limburg
| Duke of Luxemburg
With: Elisabeth I