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Apigeninidin (chloride)
Other names
3-desoxy- pelargonidin
5,7-dihydroxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)benzopyrilium chloride
3D model (JSmol)
Molar mass 255.24 g/mol
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Apigeninidin (Also, apigenidin,[1] or Gesneridin) is a chemical compound belonging to the 3-deoxyanthocyanidins and that can be found in the Patagonian plant Ephedra frustillata[2] and in the soybean.[3] Apigeninidin is one of the principal pigments found in sorghum.[4] Extremely high level of apigeninidin (49 mg/g) has been documented in sorghum leaf sheath.[5] Like all anthocyanidins it exists in a variety of tautomers depending on pH and hydration, several of these bare the distinctive pyrylium core.[6]


  1. ^ Asahina, Yasuhiko; Inubuse, Mototaro (1928). "Über die Reduktion der Flavon- und Flavanon-Derivate (III. Mitteilung über die Flavanon-glucoside)". Berichte der deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft (A and B Series). 61 (8): 1646–1650. ISSN 0365-9488. doi:10.1002/cber.19280610810. 
  2. ^ Gurni, Alberto A.; Wagner, Marcelo L. (1982). "Apigeninidin as a leucoderivative in Ephedra frustillata". Phytochemistry. 21 (9): 2428–2429. ISSN 0031-9422. doi:10.1016/0031-9422(82)85229-1. 
  3. ^ Boveris, AD; Galatro, A; Sambrotta, L; Ricco, R; Gurni, AA; Puntarulo, S (December 2001). "Antioxidant capacity of a 3-deoxyanthocyanidin from soybean.". Phytochemistry. 58 (7): 1097–105. PMID 11730874. doi:10.1016/s0031-9422(01)00378-8. 
  4. ^ Awika, Joseph M.; Rooney, Lloyd W.; Waniska, Ralph D. (2004). "Properties of 3-Deoxyanthocyanins from Sorghum". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 52 (14): 4388–4394. ISSN 0021-8561. doi:10.1021/jf049653f. 
  5. ^ Geera, Bhimalingeswarappa; Ojwang, Leonnard O.; Awika, Joseph M. (2012). "New Highly Stable Dimeric 3-Deoxyanthocyanidin Pigments from Sorghum bicolor Leaf Sheath". Journal of Food Science. 77 (5): C566–C572. ISSN 0022-1147. doi:10.1111/j.1750-3841.2012.02668.x. 
  6. ^ Costantino, Luca; Rastelli, Giulio; Rossi, Maria C.; Albasini, Albano (1995). "Quantitative measurement of proton dissociation and tautomeric constants of apigeninidin". Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2 (2): 227. doi:10.1039/P29950000227.