Aragvi River

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Aragvi (Georgian: არაგვი)
River
Aragvi-mtskheta.jpg
The Aragvi (right) meets the Mtkvari at Mtskheta
Country Georgia
Region Caucasus
Source Caucasus
 - location Gudauri, Mtiuleti, Georgia
 - elevation 1,045 m (3,428 ft) [1]
 - coordinates 42°20′41″N 44°41′42″E / 42.34459°N 44.69502°E / 42.34459; 44.69502
Mouth flows into the Mtkvari
 - location Mtskheta, Georgia
 - elevation 445 m (1,460 ft) [2]
 - coordinates 41°50′24″N 44°43′34″E / 41.84003°N 44.72611°E / 41.84003; 44.72611Coordinates: 41°50′24″N 44°43′34″E / 41.84003°N 44.72611°E / 41.84003; 44.72611
Length 112 km (70 mi)
Basin 2,724 km2 (1,052 sq mi)

The Aragvi River (Georgian: არაგვი) and its basin are in Georgia on the southern slopes of the Caucasus Mountains. The river is 112 kilometres (70 mi) long, and its basin covers an area of 2,724 square kilometres (1,052 sq mi). The ground strata is mostly sandstone, slate, and limestone. The Jinvali Dam and its 130 MW hydro-electric power station generate much of Georgia’s power, and its construction in 1986 formed the Jinvali Reservoir, upon whose north-western shores rises Ananuri castle with its 17th-century Church of the Assumption.

Confusion over name and course[edit]

Given its etymology (see below; the word simply means "river"), the exact course of the Aragvi River is the source of some confusion. The river has several important tributaries, all called "aragvi":

The Tetri Aragvi ("White Aragvi")[3] flows from Gudauri down to the town of Pasanauri, where it is joined by the Shavi Aragvi ("Black Aragvi"),[4] the main river of Gudamakari to the north-east. Together, these two rivers continue as, simply, "the Aragvi"; from Pasanauri, the Aragvi flows south-east to the Jinvali Reservoir, where it is joined by the Pshav Aragvi[5] (itself fed by the Khevsur Aragvi)[6] before flowing south to merge with the Mtkvari River by Mtskheta, Eastern Georgia's ancient capital just north of Tbilisi.

Etymology[edit]

See არაგვი for the origin of the name.

Use and infrastructure[edit]

The 102-metre (335 ft) high dam by Jinvali is one of the largest in Georgia. Besides generating up to 130 MW of electricity, the waters of the Aragvi feed down a 36.7-kilometre (22.8 mi) pipe to provide drinking water in Tbilisi and to irrigate fields.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Soviet General Staff Maps, 1:50,000 series, sheet K-38-54-W
  2. ^ Soviet General Staff Maps, 1:50,000 series, sheet M-38-78-A
  3. ^ Georgian: თეთრი არაგვი, tetri aragvi. Source: approx. 42°31'27.13"N, 44°24'2.40"E
  4. ^ Georgian: შავი არაგვი, shavi aragvi. Source: approx. 42°27'25.18"N, 44°42'40.80"E
  5. ^ Georgian: ფშავის არაგვი, pshavis aragvi. Source: approx. 42°23'57.01"N, 45°8'42.74"E
  6. ^ Georgian: ხევსურეთის არაგვი, khevsuretis aragvi. Source: approx. 42°33'45.75"N, 44°57'12.78"E