Arthur Blomfield

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Sir Arthur Blomfield
Arthur Blomfield.jpg
Born(1829-03-06)6 March 1829
Died30 October 1899(1899-10-30) (aged 70)
NationalityBritish
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge, Trinity College, Cambridge
OccupationArchitect
AwardsRoyal Gold Medal (1891)
BuildingsRoyal College of Music in London,

Selwyn College, Cambridge, Bancroft's School in London,

St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana
ProjectsSouthwark Cathedral restoration

Sir Arthur William Blomfield ARA FRIBA (6 March 1829 – 30 October 1899) was an English architect. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read Architecture.

Background[edit]

He was the fourth son of Charles James Blomfield, Anglican Bishop of London, who began a programme of new church construction in the capital. Born in Fulham Palace, Arthur Blomfield was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He was then articled as an architect to Philip Charles Hardwick, and subsequently obtained a large practice on his own account.[2]

The young Thomas Hardy joined Blomfield's practice as assistant architect in April 1862, and the writer remained friends with Blomfield. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 (proposed by George Gilbert Scott, H. Brandon and J. P. Seddon); and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886.[2] In 1889, he was knighted. He was awarded the Royal Gold Medal in 1891.

He was twice married. His second wife, Lady Blomfield, was an author and humanitarian.[3] He had two sons, Charles J. Blomfield and Arthur Conran Blomfield (1863–1935), whom he brought up to his own profession, of which they became distinguished representatives.[2] His nephew, Sir Reginald Blomfield, apprenticed under him, went on to design numerous buildings, public works, and sculpture, including the Cross of Sacrifice or War Cross, for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. These are in Commonwealth cemeteries in many countries.

Major works[edit]

St Peter in Eastgate, Lincoln. A replacement for a medieval church, St Peter's is the combined work of three eminent architects: nave & chancel by Sir Arthur Blomfield (1870), south aisle by Temple Moore (1914) and the chancel decoration by George Frederick Bodley (1884).

In 1882 Blomfield designed the Royal College of Music in London. In 1887 he became architect to the Bank of England and, in association with Arthur Edmund Street, designed the Law Courts branch of the Bank of England in Fleet Street.[1] A. E. Street was the son of the architect G. E. Street.[4]

In 1890–7 he rebuilt the nave of St. Saviour's parish church, Southwark (now Southwark Cathedral), replacing an earlier reconstruction of 1839–40.[5] It is a notable example of his use of a Gothic Revival style. He was highly regarded as a restorer;[2] a spokesman for the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings said of his 1898 restoration of Salisbury Cathedral spire "conducted in the most conservative way possible ... I am confident that anyone who had been privileged to see the work that is being done ... would not withhold his subscriptions even though he was as ardent an anti-restorer as your obedient servant."[6]

In 1899 he completed St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana, which was the tallest wooden church in the world until 2003 when the Peri Monastery near Săpânţa in northern Romania was completed.

The Royal College of Music in London was designed by Sir Arthur Blomfield.

Other works (in chronological order)[edit]

Denton Hall, 1879-1883

As Sir A.W. Blomfield and Sons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Blomfield, Arthur William (BLMT847AW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Blomfield, Sir Arthur William". Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 76.
  3. ^ Memorial to a shining star London, United Kingdom, 10 August 2003 (BWNS)
  4. ^ Hill, Robert G. "Street, Arthur Edmund". dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org. Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada: 1800-1950. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  5. ^ Worley, George (1905). Southwark Cathedral. Bell's Cathedrals. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 48. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  6. ^ William Morris and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, Andrea Elizabeth Donovan, Routledge 2008 ISBN 0-203-93790-2 (p. 72)
  7. ^ St Leonard's Church, Linley, Shropshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 21 August 2013
  8. ^ "Hornsey, including Highgate: Churches | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  9. ^ Pevsner, 1958, page 158
  10. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 299
  11. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 305
  12. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 436
  13. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 419
  14. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 87
  15. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1979). Buckinghamshire. London: Penguin Books. p. 225.
  16. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 132
  17. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints, Upper Caldecote (1274788)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Homan 1984, page 105
  19. ^ Jackson's Oxford Journal, 17 October 1868
  20. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 136
  21. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 290
  22. ^ Homan 1984, page 97
  23. ^ British-history.ac.uk
  24. ^ Chawton Village information
  25. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 734
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ Victorianweb.org
  28. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 124
  29. ^ "Re-opening of Netherseal Church". Leicester Journal. Leicester. 8 May 1874. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  30. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 172
  31. ^ A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, M A Hicks and R B Pugh, 'Hornsey, including Highgate: Churches', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6, Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey With Highgate, ed. T F T Baker and C R Elrington (London, 1980), pp. 172–182. British History Online, online resource accessed 8 January 2017.
  32. ^ Pevsner, 1967, page 471
  33. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 187.
  34. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 856
  35. ^ https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1121980
  36. ^ '1879 – Denton Hall, Grantham, Lincolnshire', archiseek.
  37. ^ Denny, Barbara (1997). Fulham Past. London: Historical Publications. pp. 35–39. ISBN 0-948667-43-5.
  38. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 646
  39. ^ Historic England (2011). "Church of St John the Evangelist, Upper Maze Hill, St Leonard's, Hastings, East Sussex (1043400)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  40. ^ a b c Pevsner & Hubbard, 1971, pages 135+, 265, 324
  41. ^ London 4 : North. Cherry, Bridget., Pevsner, Nikolaus, 1902-1983. New Haven: Yale University Press. 2002. p. 534. ISBN 0-300-09653-4. OCLC 719418475.CS1 maint: others (link)
  42. ^ "Buildingphotography.co.uk". Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  43. ^ a b Pevsner, 1966, page 262
  44. ^ "Church of St Andrew". historicengland.org.uk. Historic England. Retrieved 23 June 2020.
  45. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 554.
  46. ^ CADW Listing page 16
  47. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 131
  48. ^ Lissparishchurch.co.uk[permanent dead link]
  49. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 304
  50. ^ Cracknell, 2005, countyasylums.com
  51. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1044738)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  52. ^ St Werburgh's Church, Derby, Derbyshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 21 August 2013
  53. ^ Ireland.anglican.org
  54. ^ Philip Smith (writer), An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Wicklow (Dublin: Wordwell Press / Government of Ireland, Department of the Environment, Heritage, and Local Government, National Inventory of Architectural Heritage, 2004). pp. 2–3, 70–71.
  55. ^ Historic England, "Glenesk Mausoleum (1064757)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 5 February 2016
  56. ^ "Raynes Park: St Saviour". The Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  57. ^ Stmichaelsabbeywood.co.uk

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