Arthur Blomfield

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Sir Arthur Blomfield
Arthur Blomfield.jpg
Born(1829-03-06)6 March 1829
Died30 October 1899(1899-10-30) (aged 70)
NationalityBritish
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge, Trinity College, Cambridge
OccupationArchitect
AwardsRoyal Gold Medal (1891)
BuildingsRoyal College of Music in London,

Selwyn College, Cambridge, Bancroft's School in London,

St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana
ProjectsSouthwark Cathedral restoration

Sir Arthur William Blomfield ARA FRIBA (6 March 1829 – 30 October 1899) was an English architect. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read Architecture.

Background[edit]

He was the ninth son of Charles James Blomfield, Anglican Bishop of London, who began a programme of new church construction in the capital. Born in Fulham Palace, Arthur Blomfield was educated at Rugby and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He was then articled as an architect to Philip Charles Hardwick, and subsequently obtained a large practice on his own account.[2]

The young Thomas Hardy joined Blomfield's practice as assistant architect in April 1862, and the writer remained friends with Blomfield. He became president of the Architectural Association in 1861; a Fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects in 1867 (proposed by George Gilbert Scott, H. Brandon and J. P. Seddon); and vice-president of the RIBA in 1886.[2] In 1889, he was knighted. He was awarded the Royal Gold Medal in 1891.

He was twice married. His second wife, Lady Blomfield, was an author and humanitarian.[3] Two of his daughters, Mary Esther and Ellinor Blomfield, were supporters of the suffragette movement and famously made a representation to the King. Two of his sons, Charles James and Arthur Conran Blomfield, were brought up to his own profession, and of which they became distinguished representatives.[2] His nephew, Sir Reginald Blomfield, apprenticed under him, went on to design numerous buildings, public works, and sculpture, including the Cross of Sacrifice or War Cross, for the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. These are in Commonwealth cemeteries in many countries.

Major works[edit]

St Peter in Eastgate, Lincoln. A replacement for a medieval church, St Peter's is the combined work of three eminent architects: nave & chancel by Sir Arthur Blomfield (1870), south aisle by Temple Moore (1914) and the chancel decoration by George Frederick Bodley (1884).

In 1882 Blomfield designed the Royal College of Music in London. In 1887 he became architect to the Bank of England and, in association with Arthur Edmund Street, designed the Law Courts branch of the Bank of England in Fleet Street.[1] A. E. Street was the son of the architect G. E. Street.[4]

In 1890–7 he rebuilt the nave of St. Saviour's parish church, Southwark (now Southwark Cathedral), replacing an earlier reconstruction of 1839–40.[5] It is a notable example of his use of a Gothic Revival style. He was highly regarded as a restorer;[2] a spokesman for the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings said of his 1898 restoration of Salisbury Cathedral spire "conducted in the most conservative way possible ... I am confident that anyone who had been privileged to see the work that is being done ... would not withhold his subscriptions even though he was as ardent an anti-restorer as your obedient servant."[6]

In 1899 he completed St. George's Anglican Cathedral in Georgetown, Guyana, which was the tallest wooden church in the world until 2003 when the Peri Monastery near Săpânţa in northern Romania was completed.

The Royal College of Music in London was designed by Sir Arthur Blomfield

Other works (in chronological order)[edit]

Denton Hall, 1879–1883

As Sir A.W. Blomfield and Sons[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Blomfield, Arthur William (BLMT847AW)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ a b c d  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Blomfield, Sir Arthur William". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 76.
  3. ^ Memorial to a shining star London, United Kingdom, 10 August 2003 (BWNS)
  4. ^ Hill, Robert G. "Street, Arthur Edmund". dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org. Biographical Dictionary of Architects in Canada: 1800-1950. Retrieved 19 June 2020.
  5. ^ Worley, George (1905). Southwark Cathedral. Bell's Cathedrals. London: George Bell & Sons. p. 48. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  6. ^ William Morris and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, Andrea Elizabeth Donovan, Routledge 2008 ISBN 0-203-93790-2 (p. 72)
  7. ^ Grove Gardens Chapel, Habitats & Heritage, retrieved 21 June 2022
  8. ^ St Leonard's Church, Linley, Shropshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 21 August 2013
  9. ^ a b A P Baggs, Diane K Bolton, M A Hicks and R B Pugh, 'Hornsey, including Highgate: Churches', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 6, Friern Barnet, Finchley, Hornsey With Highgate, ed. T F T Baker and C R Elrington (London, 1980), pp. 172–182. British History Online, accessed 8 January 2017.
  10. ^ Pevsner, 1958, page 158
  11. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 299
  12. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 305
  13. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 436
  14. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 419
  15. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 87
  16. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus (1979). Buckinghamshire. London: Penguin Books. p. 225.
  17. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 132
  18. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints, Upper Caldecote (1274788)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  19. ^ a b c d e f Homan 1984, page 105
  20. ^ Jackson's Oxford Journal, 17 October 1868
  21. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 136
  22. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 290
  23. ^ Homan 1984, page 97
  24. ^ "Survey of London: Volume 39, the Grosvenor Estate in Mayfair, Part 1 (General History) – Plate 29: Churches designed by Arthur Blomfield". British History Online. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  25. ^ "History of St John's". United Benefice of Bathwick. 2 September 2018. Archived from the original on 10 July 2021. Retrieved 10 July 2021.
  26. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Radcliffe, Enid (1965). The Buildings of England: Essex. London: Penguin Books. p. 134. ISBN 0140710116.
  27. ^ Chawton Village information
  28. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 734
  29. ^ "Church of St. Mary and St. Ethelbert, Luckington". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  30. ^ Victorianweb.org
  31. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 124
  32. ^ "Re-opening of Netherseal Church". Leicester Journal. Leicester. 8 May 1874. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  33. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 172
  34. ^ Pevsner, 1967, page 471
  35. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 187.
  36. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 856
  37. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Paul, non Civil Parish (1121980)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  38. ^ '1879 – Denton Hall, Grantham, Lincolnshire', archiseek.
  39. ^ Denny, Barbara (1997). Fulham Past. London: Historical Publications. pp. 35–39. ISBN 0-948667-43-5.
  40. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 646
  41. ^ Historic England. "Church of St John the Evangelist, Upper Maze Hill, St Leonard's, Hastings, East Sussex (1043400)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  42. ^ a b c Pevsner & Hubbard, 1971, pages 135+, 265, 324
  43. ^ London 4 : North. Cherry, Bridget., Pevsner, Nikolaus, 1902-1983. New Haven: Yale University Press. 2002. p. 534. ISBN 0-300-09653-4. OCLC 719418475.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  44. ^ "Buildingphotography.co.uk". Archived from the original on 1 March 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  45. ^ a b Pevsner, 1966, page 262
  46. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Andrew (1391544)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  47. ^ Pevsner & Cherry 1975, p. 554.
  48. ^ CADW Listing page 16
  49. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mark (1329909)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 January 2022.
  50. ^ Pevsner, 1960, page 131
  51. ^ Lissparishchurch.co.uk[permanent dead link]
  52. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 304
  53. ^ Cracknell, 2005, countyasylums.com
  54. ^ Historic England. "Epsom College Chapel (1044738)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 November 2009.
  55. ^ St Werburgh's Church, Derby, Derbyshire, Churches Conservation Trust, retrieved 21 August 2013
  56. ^ Ireland.anglican.org
  57. ^ Philip Smith (writer), An Introduction to the Architectural Heritage of County Wicklow (Dublin: Wordwell Press / Government of Ireland, Department of the Environment, Heritage, and Local Government, National Inventory of Architectural Heritage, 2004). pp. 2–3, 70–71.
  58. ^ Historic England, "Glenesk Mausoleum (1064757)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 5 February 2016
  59. ^ "Raynes Park: St Saviour". The Diocese of Southwark. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  60. ^ Stmichaelsabbeywood.co.uk
  61. ^ "CHURCH OF ST MELLITUS, Non Civil Parish - 1088072 | Historic England". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 25 June 2022.

Sources[edit]

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