Asia Minor spiny mouse

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Asia Minor spiny mouse
Muridae - Acomys cilicicus.jpg
Acomys cilicicus at the Prague Zoo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Genus: Acomys
Species: A. cilicicus
Binomial name
Acomys cilicicus
Spitzenberger, 1978

The Asia Minor spiny mouse (Acomys cilicicus) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae.[2]

Description[edit]

Acomys cilicicus is a small terrestrial and social rodent, living in large groups. The head and the body reach a length of 104–121 mm (4.1–4.8 in), with a tail of about 102–117 mm (4.0–4.6 in) and a weight up to 48 g.[3]

The upper side of the body is dark gray, with purple reflections, while the lower sides are yellowish-white and the flanks are light brown. The tail is hairless, scaly and shorter than the head and body. The chromosome number is 2n = 36.

In captivity, these mice reproduce and live for about fouryears. Since this species was previously considered endangered, a protection program is in place and government permission is needed for export from Turkey. Only a few zoos in the world have individuals of this species (Prague, Tallinn and Helsinki Zoo).

This species is related to the Cairo spiny mouse (Acomys cahirinus) and the Cyprus spiny mouse (Acomys nesiotes), but significant morphological differences are seen.

A. cilicicus
A. cilicicus
A. cilicicus in Africasia House at Korkeasaari Zoo in Helsinki

Distribution[edit]

This species is endemic to Turkey. It is known only from the type locality 17 km east of the Turkish town of Silifke, located in the south-west of Mersin, along the southern coast of Turkey.

Habitat[edit]

Its natural habitat is temperate forests, but this species is also lives close to human dwellings.

Conservation status[edit]

A. cilicicus was previously listed as Critically Endangered, but is now considered Data Deficient because of taxonomic issues, as it may be the same species as the widespread and common northeast Cairo spiny mouse, A. cahirinus.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amori, G.; Hutterer, R.; Kryštufek, B. & Yigit, N. (2008). "Acomys cilicicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 4 February 2009. 
  2. ^ Musser, G.G.; Carleton, M.D. (2005). "Superfamily Muroidea". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 894–1531. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. ^ Stephan Aulagnier & Al. - Guide des mammiferes d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Moyen-Orient - Delachaux & Niestlé SA, Paris

External links[edit]