Australian National Aviation Museum
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|Location||Melbourne, Victoria, Australia|
The Australian National Aviation Museum is an aviation museum at the Moorabbin Airport in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It was founded in 1962 as the Australian Aircraft Restoration Group, an attempt to maintain a World War II-era Bristol Beaufighter aircraft. It has since become a museum, with a large aircraft collection. It was originally named the Moorabbin Air Museum. As of 2008 it held 50 aircraft and 25 engines.
The Australian Aircraft Restoration Group was first formed in 1962 as a volunteer group by aviation enthusiasts including members of the Aviation Historical Society of Australia.
The first home for the collection was on a farm in Wandin North then the Pine Hill Service Station, at that time on the Warburton road, outside of Lillydale Victoria. The museum aircraft were stored there with the Wacket trainer, donated by the Lucas family, displayed prominently. In 1965 land was allocated for a museum at Moorabin Airport Victoria the current home of the collection.
The collection in the early days was made up of a combination of privately owned aircraft and those the Museum acquired in their own right .
Amongst the first acquisitions was DAP Mark 21 Bristol Beaufighter A8-328 ex Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) that had been used as playground equipment at The Lord Mayor's Children's Camp at Portsea and was at risk of being scrapped.
Following donation of the Beaufighter in April 1962, a CAC Wackett was donated by the Lucas family then the oldest complete aircraft in the collection, a DH.60G Gypsy Moth.donated by ( citation required)
1963 was a busy year for the group. In January an Avro Anson was purchased from Flinders Island Airlines, ( VH-FIA) and in May a Gloster Meteor was acquired from the Department of Supply. Trans Australia Airlines (TAA) donated a Tiger Moth in mid-1963, and the year was rounded out by recovering a CAC Wirraway from the dump at East Sale RAAF base .
Early in 1964, most of the collection was moved to a service station north of Lilydale, where the Wacket was put on display where it remained until moved to Moorabin . Later in the year many of the aircraft were taken to a market garden adjacent to Moorabbin Airport. In October 1964, a Percival Proctor was donated, and by this stage the Department of Civil Aviation had agreed to lease the group land at Moorabbin Airport, with a fence erected on 20 May 1965.
In 1966, the AARG returned to the farming district near Colac and collected a Kittyhawk fuselage, while February 1967 saw the most spectacular arrival when a former Royal Australian Navy (RAN) Fairey Firefly was flown from Bankstown in New South Wales to Moorabbin.
For the next 20 years the Museum grew as more and more aircraft came into the collection and the theme of the Museum was quickly established. An aircraft or artefact acquired by the Museum had to be relevant to Australian aviation history. Without realising it the Museum was establishing what would be labelled by museum professionals years later as a collection policy. This theme is what held the Museum collection together and provided a sense of purpose to the collection. Other aviation museums would form in Australia but none would acquire the vast range of aircraft types, all of which related directly to Australian history. The collection ranges from gliders and homebuilts to World War II combat aircraft, jet fighters, crop dusters and four engine airliners.
1980s and Beyond
By the early 1980s the aircraft collection had grown to a very impressive 30 machines but another very hard lesson had been learned. Collecting aircraft, restoring them and displaying them was not enough. At this time the Museum was still an open-air display and the effects of the weather were beginning to play havoc with the aircraft. No matter how robustly constructed an aircraft may be, if it is left exposed to the elements it will eventually succumb.
During the 1970s and 1980s there had been various proposals put forward by government and private groups to fund a National Aviation Museum in Victoria. The Moorabbin Air Museum was involved in many of these deliberations, but by the late 1980s it had become apparent that none of these schemes would reach fruition. The Museum directors realised that the only way to ensure the long-term survival of the aircraft was to take action themselves, and in 1988 all surplus assets of the museum were sold in order to provide funds to erect an 8,000-square-foot hangar on the Museum site. In April 1989 that hangar was completed and three years later it was extended to 12,000 square feet. In the intervening years a library, workshop and store were also erected together with an entry building and shop.
Over the years the Moorabbin Air Museum has been recognised by a number of awards, the most prestigious of which was a Certificate of Merit in the 1985 Museum of the Year Awards. Apart from the preservation of aircraft, the Museum’s other great accomplishment has been the number of young members who have gone on to careers in aviation or museology; the experience gained while at the Museum standing them in good stead in their working lives.
To many it would seem that the Museum has accomplished its goals, but in truth it has barely begun. Between 1980 and 2000 the aircraft collection increased by an average of one airframe per year. The collection now totals 52 machines, and that makes the Museum the largest aircraft owner on Moorabbin Airport. It is an aeronautical collection larger than half the world’s airlines and a third of the world’s air forces, and only one third of it is displayed under cover. The rest is in storage, on loan, under restoration or, at worst, on display in the open air.
Today the Moorabbin Air Museum, now renamed The Australian National Aviation Museum, attracts visitors from all over the world.
Aircraft in collection
- Ogden (2008)
- CAC CA-27 Avon Sabre A94-989 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- CAC CA-12 Boomerang A46-25 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- CAC CA-31 Operational Trainer Retrieved 12 September 2016
- CAC CA-28 Ceres VH-WOT Retrieved 12 September 2016
- CAC CA-6 Wackett A3-22 Retrieved 10 September 2016
- CAC CA-25 Winjeel A85-418 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- CAC CA-1 Wirraway A20-10 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- 1913 RAF B.E. 2A Wings Retrieved 12 September 2016
- DAP (Bristol) Beaufort MK V A9-13 / T9552 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- GAF Jindivik A92-492 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- GAF Lincoln RF342 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- GAF Mirage IIIO A3-45 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Air Power Australia - Annex B Retrieved 16 September 2016
- Bristol Type 171 Sycamore A91-1 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Consolidated PBY Catalina A24-88 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Curtiss P-40E Kittyhawk A29-53 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- De Havilland DH82A Tiger Moth Retrieved 12 September 2016
- De Havilland Sea Venom Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Fairey Firefly Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Fairey Gannet A.S.4 - XG789 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Gloster Meteor T7 A77-707 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Miles M-38 Messenger 2A - VH-AVQ Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Bristol Type 170 Freighter VH-ADL Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Douglas DC-2 A30-9 VH-CRK Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Douglas DC-3 VH-ANH (VHCDJ) Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Vickers Viscount V.816 VH-TVR Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Auster J-1B Aiglet VH-ACY Retrieved 12 September 2016
- British Aircraft Swallow II VH-UUM Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Cessna 310 VH-AER Retrieved 12 September 2016
- de Havilland DH114 Heron Retrieved 12 September 2016
- de Havilland DH60 Gipsy Moth VH-UKV Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Desoutter II s/n D.35 VH-UPR Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Duigan 1910 Pusher Flyer Replica VH-DGN Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Percival Proctor 1 VH-AUC Retrieved 12 September 2016
- Boeing 737
- MUSEUM ACQUIRES EX KANGAN TAFE 737 COCKPIT Retrieved 16 September 2016
- Victa Airtourer 100 Retrieved 12 September 2016
- SURPRISE ARRIVAL AT MUSEUM - GAF NOMAD DONATED! Retrieved 16 September 2016
- Goodall, Geoff (2008). Warbirds Directory. Australia: Geoff Goodall. (CD-ROM)
- Ogden, Bob (2008). Aviation Museums and Collections of The Rest of the World. UK: Air-Britain. ISBN 978-0-85130-394-9.
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