Awbere (woreda)

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Awbere (Somali: Awbarre) (Amharic: ተፈሪ አሞሌ), (also known as Teferi Ber),[1] is one of the woredas in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Part of the Jijiga Zone, Awbere is bordered on the southwest by Jijiga, on the west by the Shinile Zone, on the east by Somalia, and on the southeast by Kebri Beyah. Towns in Awbere include Āwuberē, Derwonaji, Lefe Isa, Jaare, Herageel and Sheder.

High points in this woreda include Sau (1863 meters), near the international border.

History[edit]

Due reports of a new wave of Somali refugees reaching Hart Sheik in late 2006, the Ethiopian Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs and the UNHCR together opened a new refugee camp at Awbere 13 July 2007. As of June 2012 13,553 individuals were resident at the camp, with a further 11,639 at the Sheed Dheer camp.[2]

The Ethiopian De-mining Office reported in November 2008 that it had cleared land mines planted in Awbere as part of the four million square meters of land the office had cleared in the Somali Region.[3]

Demographics[edit]

This woreda is primarily inhabited by the Makahiil Gadabuursi clans. [4][5][6]

Agriculture[edit]

A sample enumeration performed by the CSA in 2001 interviewed 21,963 farmers in this woreda, who held an average of 0.99 hectares of land. Of the 21.7 square kilometers of private land surveyed, 83.16% was under cultivation, 6.38% pasture, 8.64% fallow, and 1.82% was devoted to other uses; the percentage in woodland is missing. For the land surveyed in this woreda, 75.77% is planted in cereals like teff, sorghum and maize, 1.66% in root crops, and 1.14% in vegetables; the number for pulses is missing. Permanent crops included 908 hectares planted in khat, and 4.08 in fruit trees. 89.2% of the farmers both raise crops and livestock, while 7.44% only grow crops and 3.35% only raise livestock. Land tenure in this woreda is distributed amongst 98.06% own their land, 0.8% rent, and the remaining 1.15% held their land under other forms of tenure.[7]

Notes[edit]

Coordinates: 9°45′N 43°00′E / 9.750°N 43.000°E / 9.750; 43.000