Districts of Ethiopia
Districts are typically collected together into zones, which form a region; districts which are not part of a zone are designated Special Districts and function as autonomous entities. Districts are governed by a council whose members are directly elected to represent each kebele in the district. There are about 670 rural districts and about 100 urban districts. Terminology varies, with some people considering the urban units to be woreda, while others consider only the rural units to be woreda, referring to the others as urban or city administrations.
Although some districts can be traced back to earliest times—for example the Yem special woreda, the Gera and Gomma woreda which preserve the boundaries of kingdoms that were absorbed into Ethiopia, and the Mam Midrina Lalo Midir woreda of a historic province of Ethiopia (in this case, two of the districts of Menz)— many are of more recent creation. Beginning in 2002, more authority was passed to woreda by transferring staff and budgets from the regional governments.
- List of districts in the Afar Region
- List of districts in the Amhara Region
- List of districts in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region
- List of districts in the Gambela Region
- List of districts in the Oromia Region
- List of districts in the Somali Region
- List of districts in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region
- List of districts in the Tigray Region
- Ayele, Zemelak. "Local government in Ethiopia: still an apparatus of control?". Law, Democracy & Development. 15 (2011). ISSN 2077-4907. Retrieved 18 April 2021.
It also authorised each ethnic group to establish self-government starting from woreda (district) level.
- Yilmaz, Serdar; Venugopal, Varsha (2008). Local Government Discretion and Accountability in Ethiopia (PDF). Working Paper 08-38. International Studies Program, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University. pp. 2–5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.