Ayşe Sultan (daughter of Murad III)

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Ayşe Sultan
Died15 May 1605
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
(now Istanbul, Turkey)
Burial
Mehmed III Mausoleum, Hagia Sophia, Istanbul
SpouseIbrahim Pasha
Yemişçi Hasan Pasha
Güzelce Mahmud Pasha
DynastyOttoman
FatherMurad III
MotherSafiye Sultan
ReligionSunni Islam

Ayşe Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: عائشه سلطان ; died 15 May 1605) was an Ottoman princess, daughter of Sultan Murad III (reign 1574 - 1595) and Safiye Sultan, as well as sister of Sultan Mehmed III (reign 1595 - 1603) of the Ottoman Empire.

Life[edit]

Ayşe Sultan was a daughter of Sultan Murad III, and his consort Safiye Sultan.[1][2]

In 1586, Murad arranged the marriage of Ayşe Sultan to Ibrahim Pasha, Beylerbey (governor-general) of Egypt, who would serve three times as Grand Vizier to Ayşe’s brother Mehmed III.[3][2] Her wedding took place at the Old Palace, and was celebrated in a seven-day ceremony.[4] Historian Mustafa Selaniki mentions the preparations, the presents which were given by both parties, the feasts, prepared for the Nakibü'l-esraf and the sadat, for the Şeyhülislam (supreme religious leader), the ulema and for the high-ranking officials.[5] A year into the marriage, Murad dismissed Ibrahim Pasha from his post, because according to the chronicle of Hasan Beyzade, his damat, or bridegroom, status was an obstacle to sailing.[6]

Ayşe Sultan was widowed upon Ibrahim Pasha’s death on 10 July 1601. Yemişci Hasan Pasha became the new Grand Vizier. A telhis of Hasan Pasha announced that the Sultan Mehmed III promised him the hand of Ayşe Sultan in marriage. In accordance to this telhis, historian Mustafa Naima explains that Yemişci Hasan Pasha and Ayşe Sultan were only engaged.[7] The wedding took place on 5 April 1602. A year after the marriage, Mehmed decided to execute Yemişci. Ayşe Sultan, dispatched a post to her mother, Safiye Sultan, and her brother, in which she promised that if the Sultan could forgive her husband, they could go to Mecca without any further charge or trouble. However, the Sultan replied her indicating that she should accompany him in death if she insisted.[8] Yemisci was executed on 18 October 1603. In 1604, she married Güzelce Mahmud Pasha.[9][10]

She owned a translation of "The Ascension of Propitious Stars and Sources of Sovereignty" (Matali' us-sa'ade ve menabi' us-siyade).[11]

Charities[edit]

Ayşe was infamous for her charity. In her testament she gave the following instructions for her inheritance: her slaves and slave girls were to be manumitted unconditionally; 10,000 akçes were bequeathed to cover the cash debts of people detained in prison for debts of up to 500 akçes; 2,000 akçes were for the poor, sick and orphans, and the remainder for the poor in the Holy Cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. A certain amount of money was allocated to pay the ransom for Muslim prisoners of war, with the condition that female captives be freed first.[12][13]

Death[edit]

Ayşe Sultan died on 15 May 1605, and was buried in her brother Mehmed's mausoleum located at Hagia Sophia Mosque, Istanbul.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peirce 1993, p. 95.
  2. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 74.
  3. ^ Peirce 1993, p. 123.
  4. ^ Blake, Stephen P. (February 11, 2013). Time in Early Modern Islam: Calendar, Ceremony, and Chronology in the Safavid, Mughal and Ottoman Empires. Cambridge University Press. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-107-03023-7.
  5. ^ Ipşırlı, Mehmet (June 1976). Mustafa Selaniki's history of the Ottomans. pp. LIX.
  6. ^ Cuerva, Ruben Gonzalez; Koller, Alexander (August 28, 2017). A Europe of Courts, a Europe of Factions: Political Groups at Early Modern Centres of Power (1550-1700). BRILL. p. 105. ISBN 978-9-004-35058-8.
  7. ^ Çeliktemel 2012, p. 64-5.
  8. ^ Çeliktemel 2012, p. 72.
  9. ^ Tezcan, Baki (November 2001). Searching for Osman: A reassessment of the deposition of the Ottoman Sultan Osman II (1618-1622). pp. 328 n. 18.
  10. ^ a b Uluçay 2011, p. 75.
  11. ^ Fetvacı, Emine (2013). Picturing History at the Ottoman Court. Indiana University Press. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-253-00678-3.
  12. ^ Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. Orientalski otdel, International Centre for Minority Studies and Intercultural Relations, Research Centre for Islamic History, Art, and Culture (2003). Inventory of Ottoman Turkish documents about Waqf preserved in the Oriental Department at the St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library: Registers. Narodna biblioteka "Sv. sv. Kiril i Metodiĭ. p. 215.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  13. ^ Peirce 1993, p. 202.

Sources[edit]

  • Peirce, Leslie P. (1993). The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-195-08677-5.
  • Çeliktemel, Başak (2012). A study of the third English ambassador Henry Lello’s report on the Ottoman Empire (1597-1607). pp. 64–5, 72.
  • Mustafa Çağatay Uluçay (2011). Padişahların kadınları ve kızları. Ankara, Ötüken.