BMW 247 engine

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1994 BMW R100RT with type 247 engine
1973½ BMW R75/5 with type 247 engine

The BMW 247 engine is an air-cooled flat-twin motorcycle engine with two valves per cylinder, also known as the "airhead" boxer. It was used by BMW in its motorcycles from 1969 to 1995.

The /5 variant was introduced in 1969, /6 in 1974 and the /7 in 1977. Before 1981 the ignition was points ignition. From 1981, introduced in the R80G/S it used electronic ignition, Nikasil cylinders, and a lighter flywheel.[1]

A number of different models were on the market:

  • CS: the Classic Sport, with a 1,000 cc (61 cubic inches) engine.
  • GS: Gelände/Straße - winner of a number of the Dakar rallies.
  • RS: Renn (Racing) Sport
  • RT: Road Touring
  • S: with the R90S
  • ST: A 800 cc (49 cubic inches) road-styled G/S.

Subsequent to the type 247 motor, BMW also built other air-cooled flat twin engines known as the Typ 248/1 used for the R45, the R65 and the R65LS BMW motorcycles. Before that they built side-valve and OHV engines commencing with the R32 of 1923. After the type 247, BMW substantially changed the engine design to include partial oil cooling and four valves per cylinder, a design which was to become known as the "oilhead".


  1. ^ Falloon, Ian (November 2003). The BMW story: production and racing motorcycles from 1923 to the present day. Sparkford, England: Haynes Publishing. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-85960-854-8.