BMW 247 engine
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The /5 variant was introduced in 1969, /6 in 1974 and the /7 in 1977. Before 1981 the ignition was points ignition. From 1981, introduced in the R80G/S it used electronic ignition, Nikasil cylinders, and a lighter flywheel.
A number of different models were on the market:
- CS: the Classic Sport, with a 1,000 cc (61 cubic inches) engine.
- GS: Gelände/Straße - winner of a number of the Dakar rallies.
- RS: Renn (Racing) Sport
- RT: Road Touring
- S: with the R90S
- ST: A 800 cc (49 cubic inches) road-styled G/S.
Subsequent to the type 247 motor, BMW also built other air-cooled flat twin engines known as the Typ 248/1 used for the R45, the R65 and the R65LS BMW motorcycles. Before that they built side-valve and OHV engines commencing with the R32 of 1923. After the type 247, BMW substantially changed the engine design to include partial oil cooling and four valves per cylinder, a design which was to become known as the "oilhead".
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