BMW R100

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R100
BMW R100RS.jpg
BMW R 100 RS
Manufacturer BMW Motorrad
Also called Slash 7 "Airhead"
Parent company BMW
Production 1976–1996
Predecessor BMW /6
Successor BMW K Series, BMW "Oilhead"
Engine longitudinal opposed 2-cylinder boxer
Bore / stroke 73.5 × 70.6 to 94 × 70.6
Transmission 5-speed
BMW R 100 S
BMW R 100 RT Monolever
BMW R 100 RS
1979 BMW R 100 RT

BMW R 100, with variant models designated by T, S, CS, RS, RS Classic, RT, RT Classic, TIC, R and GS is a BMW motorcycle series, using a two-cylinder four-stroke boxer engine of 980 cc capacity. Model production began in 1976, with a premature shutdown and subsequent restart in 1985, and final completion of the series in 1996.

The last of the "airheads," this article also discusses the different /7 models of smaller displacements (R 60, R 75, R 80).

First (/ 7) and second series[edit]

The "slash seven" development was an evolutionary change of the BMW 247 engine from the previous "slash six" and initially constituted the R 100 RS (51 kW / 70 PS), R 100 S (only 48 kW / 65 PS), R 100 (44 kW / 60 PS), R 75/7 (37 kW / 50 PS) and R 60/7 (30 kW / 40 hp).

The R 100 RS was the first motorcycle with standard frame fixed full fairing. This innovation was a departure from previous touring fairings, giving birth to the modern Sport touring motorcycle.

Brakes[edit]

The R-100 models received a double disc brake in the front wheel. For 1976 to 1979 models the front brake was a pivot caliper ATE disc actuated from the controls via cable to a brake master cylinder under the tank. From 1980 models onwards front brakes were changed to a Brembo fixed caliper brake, and the master cylinder was moved from undertank to the right handlebar. With the introduction of Monolever models in 1986, the Brembo fixed calipers were mounted on the fork tubes. The back brake was initially a drum brake. Starting in the 1978 model year (September 1977), the R 100 RS and RT and S models received a Brembo rear disc brake with fixed caliper on the rear wheel, and from model year 1986 the drum brake returned.

Wheels[edit]

The models originally were fitted with wire spoked wheels, but in September 1977 for the 78 model year shifted to an aluminum cast "snowflake" pattern. The initial aluminum wheels were prone to breakage, prompting a BMW recall for replacement.

Engine and Drivetrain[edit]

In keeping with the evolutionary development of the Boxer line, the engine was a longitudinal opposed 2-cylinder boxer engine with lower camshaft and overhead valves. Driving the camshaft was a duplex (later simplex) chain with a spring-loaded chain tensioner. The clutch was a single dry plate with cable actuation. A 5-speed manual transmission, with an optional kickstarter for the early models, and shaft drive to the rear wheel completed the drivetrain.

Carburetor[edit]

A constant velocity carburetor was supplied by Bing. Starting in 1980, an emissions control system was implemented in various countries, which reduced available horsepower by approximately 10%.

Suspension[edit]

The front forks were telescopic with a diameter of 36 mm without gaitors. 1984 and prior had a dual swing arm with two shock absorbers, model year 1986 and after used the BMW monolever, 1988 and after used the BMW paralever.

Ignition[edit]

Up to model year 1980, a points type high-voltage capacitor ignition was used. From 1980 onwards, an electronic ignition was fitted.

Specifications[edit]

Model Cylinder Bore & Stroke (mm) Displacement (cc) Power (PS bei 1/min) Construction Production
BMW R 60/7 2 73.5 × 70.6 599 40 / 6400 1976–1980 11.163
BMW R 75/7 2 82 × 70.6 745 50 / 6200 1976–1977 6264
BMW R 80/7 2 84.8 × 70.6 797 50 / 7250 1977–1983 17,703
BMW R 100/7 2 94 × 70.6 980 60 / 6500 1976–1980 12,029
BMW R 100 S 2 94 × 70.6 980 66 / 6600 1976–1978 9657
BMW R 100 RS 2 94 × 70.6 980 70 / 7250 1976–1984 33,648
BMW R 100 RT 2 94 × 70.6 980 70 / 7250 1978–1996 ?
BMW R 100 T 2 94 × 70.6 980 66 / 7250 1978–1980 5643
BMW R 100 2 94 × 70.6 980 66 / 7000 1980–1984 10,111
BMW R 100 CS 2 94 × 70.6 980 70 / 7000 1980–1984 4038

Pause and Restart[edit]

In the 1980s for environmental and marketing reasons, BMW initiated a move to the water-cooled K75 and K100 models to remain competitive with the technical lead of the Japanese motorcycle industry. For this purpose they wanted to give up the production of the "airhead" two-valve boxer models. This decision led to protests from customers and dealers, BMW restarted R100 production, but with modified lower output, and improved torque curve engines with 44 kW (60 hp). They later produced an 800 cc version with 37 kW (50 hp).

Starting in 1985, the road versions were equipped with a single-sided swingarm (Monolever). From 1988 Paralever rear suspension was introduced, first in the GS models R80 GS and R100 GS, and later in the road versions R80 R and R100 R.

Sources[edit]

  • Hans-Jürgen Schneider: BMW R 45 – R 100 RS ab Baujahr 1976: alle Modelle mit Zweizylinder-Boxermotor; Technik, Wartung, Reparatur BLV Auto- und Motorradpraxis, München Wien Zürich 1984, ISBN 3-405-12908-7.
  • Don Morley, Mick Woollett: BMW. Heel Verlag, Königswinter 1994. ISBN 3-89365-402-X.
  • Hans-Joachim Mai: 1000 Tricks für schnelle BMWs. 11. Aufl. 1988, Motorbuch-Verlag, Stuttgart.
  • Andy Schwietzer, Werner R. Reiss: BMW Boxer alle ab /5: BMW Zweiventiler von 1969–1985. 1. Aufl. Bodensteiner-Verlag, Wallmoden 2006, ISBN 3-9806631-4-0.
  • Stefan Knittel: BMW Motorräder. Gerlingen 1984, ISBN 3-88350-152-2.