Bad Cannstatt

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Bad Cannstatt
District of Stuttgart
Coat of arms of Bad Cannstatt
Coat of arms
Bad Cannstatt  is located in Germany
Bad Cannstatt
Bad Cannstatt
Coordinates: 48°48′20.16″N 9°12′50.76″E / 48.8056000°N 9.2141000°E / 48.8056000; 9.2141000Coordinates: 48°48′20.16″N 9°12′50.76″E / 48.8056000°N 9.2141000°E / 48.8056000; 9.2141000
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart (region)
District Stuttgart
City Stuttgart
Government
 • Direktor Bernd-Marcel Loeffler (SPD)
Area
 • District of Stuttgart 15.713 km2 (6.067 sq mi)
Population ({{{Stand}}})
 • Metro 66,611
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 70331-70378
Dialling codes 0711
Vehicle registration S
Website http://www.stuttgart.de/item/show/13826/1

Bad Cannstatt (German for "Cannstatt Bath"), formerly Cannstatt, is an outer district of Stuttgart in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is Stuttgart's oldest and most populous municipality and is the home of 19 mineral springs. The town is also the site of the Cannstatter Wasen and Cannstatter Volksfest beer festivals, the Mercedes-Benz Arena (VfB Stuttgart), the Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Halle, and the Porsche-Arena. Cannstatt was also the home of famous inventor Gottlieb Daimler.

Names[edit]

Bad Cannstatt was formerly known as Cannstatt,[1] variously spelled Kannstatt,[1] Cannstadt, Canstatt, Kanstatt, and Condistat.[2] Its name was changed to mention the town's spas on 23 July 1933.

History[edit]

Bad Cannstatt lies on the Neckar at the convergence of various regional trails.[2] It was founded during the Roman period, although the area was inhabited by the Seelberg mammoth hunters during the last glacial period.[citation needed] The nearby Sielberg is notable for its caverns and fossils.[2]

Records survive of Roman knowledge of the area's springs.[1] The present name first appeared as the seat of a court held by Charlemagne in the 8th century while trying the rebellious dukes of Alemannia and Bavaria. Cannstatt was the capital of the county of Württemberg into the 14th[1] or 15th century;[2] the Rotenberg was the location of the ruling house's ancestral castle.[1] Cannstatt subsequently formed part of the duchy, electorate, and kingdom of Württemberg. It lay about 2.5 miles (4 km) from Stuttgart proper,[2] although it has since grown to include Bad Cannstatt. In the 13th or 14th century, Louis the Bavarian expanded its rights and privileges to equality with Esslingen. Its 15th-century cathedral was dedicated to St Uffo.[2] In 1755, the Great Lisbon Earthquake caused the town hall to subside about 3 feet (1 m).[3] Amid the Napoleonic Wars, the town was the site of a French victory over the Austrians on 21 July 1796.[1]

In the 19th century, it boasted an attractive town hall, a royal theater, a markethouse, the Wilhelma and Rosenstein palaces, and extensive industry including wool-spinning, dyeing, steelmaking, and construction of machinery. There were then about 40 mineral springs, which were considered beneficial for "dyspepsia and weakness of the nervous system",[2] as well as "diseases of the throat".[1] Cannstatt was the site of Gottlieb Daimler's invention of the motorcycle[citation needed] and housed a automobile factory before the First World War. Around that time, it also had notable railway and chemical works and a brewery. It was incorporated into Stuttgart in 1904.[1]

Of the 19 surviving mineral springs, 11 are recognized as state wells.[clarification needed] In the world, it is now second to only Újbuda in Budapest, Hungary, in scale.[4] The Mombach spring is the only one that releases its water without pressure in large quantities; its outflow is used in the adjacent baths and the Wilhelma spa.[citation needed]

Famous Residents[edit]

Famous people associated with Bad-Cannstatt include:

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h EB (1911).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g EB (1878), p. 26.
  3. ^ EB (1878), p. 27.
  4. ^ "Wissenswertes", Stuttgart Rallye .

Bibliography[edit]