Baidit

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Baidit
Payam (administrative division)
Etymology: 'big home' or 'big land'
Country South Sudan
StateJonglei State
CountyBor West County (since 2016)[1]
PayamBaidit
SeatBaidit

Baidit is a Payam in Bor West County, in Jonglei State, South Sudan.[1] It is situated on the east side of the Bahr al Jabal River a short distance north of Bor, South Sudan. Baidit is the county headquarters for Bor West County.[2]

History[edit]

Baidit Payam is named for the village, Baidit (whose name is sometimes combined with an adjoining town, called Padak), where the payam's administrative headquarters are located.[3] During the Second Sudanese Civil War (1983–2004), Baidit village was the site of a Sudan People's Liberation Army headquarters commanded by Kuol Manyang Juuk, which was located in buildings originally constructed by the Dutch Government to house a medical training center.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Baidit is composed of six bomas: Akayiech, Manydeng, Makol Cuei, Mathiang, Mayen, and Tong.[5][note 1] According to the Fifth Population and Housing Census of Sudan, conducted in April 2008, Baidit had a combined population of 51,532 people, composed of 26,915 male and 24,617 female residents.[6][note 2]

Baidit is home to three major communities. These are Angakuei, Biong, Pathuyith.[7]

Infrastructure[edit]

The Padak/Baidit airstrip is located in Baidit Payam.[3] John Garang Memorial University's Padak Fisheries Training Centre was established there in 2004.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Spellings of these bomas vary considerably, in large part owing to differences of orthographic conventions and, for place-names, specially, the way that Dinka singular nouns ending in a vowel or certain consonants, when followed by an adjective, pronoun, possessive, or a modifying noun (genitive), are pronounced with a nasalized final sound. Thus Mach Deng is pronounced /Manydeng/. A few common alternative spellings follow: Akayiech or Akeyech, Machdeng or Manydeng, Makol-chuei or Makol Cuei or Makolchuei, and Mathieng or Mathiang.
  2. ^ The data collected during the Fifth Population and Housing Census of Sudan were to be the primary source of information for decisions about the number and demarcation of electoral constituencies and administrative boundaries in what was then southern Sudan. South Sudanese officials rejected census results for southern Sudan. See Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre (2010). 5th Population and Housing Census in Sudan – An Incomplete Exercise (PDF) (Report). Darfur Relief and Documentation Centre, Geneva (Switzerland). Retrieved 11 June 2017.. Also, see Demographics of South Sudan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mading, Juuk Othana (3 May 2016). "Governor Establishes Additional Counties In Jonglei". Gurtong. Bor, South Sudan. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  2. ^ Peter, Mach Samuel (15 September 2016). "Breaking News: Names of the 14 County Commissioners in Jonglei State". PaanLuel Wël. Bor, South Sudan. Retrieved 4 July 2017.
  3. ^ a b "South Sudan Administrative divisions" (PDF). docs.unocha.org. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). 2014. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  4. ^ Nikkel, Marc (2006). Why Haven't You Left? Letters from the Sudan. Church Publishing. p. 68. ISBN 0898697743.
  5. ^ Winrock International & United Nations Development Program (UNDP) (2011). Annex IV BRIDGE Winrock Q1 Report FY 2012 – Bor County Profile (PDF) (Report). USAID.
  6. ^ National Bureau of Statistics (2013). Population Distribution by Sex by Boma, Vol. III (Report). The Republic of South Sudan, The National Bureau of Statistics. p. 34. Retrieved 11 June 2017. Table 138: Jonglei State, Bor South County, Baidit Payam
  7. ^ Wël, PaanLuel (17 September 2016). "What are the respective population sizes of the 14 new counties in Jonglei state?". paanluelwel.com. PaanLuel Wël. Retrieved 12 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Padak Fishery Institute". jgmust-edu.org. Dr. John Garang Memorial University of Science & Technology. 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2017.