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For the village in Iran, see Bakhshali, Iran.
Bakhshali is located in Pakistan
Coordinates: 34°10′N 72°54′E / 34.17°N 72.9°E / 34.17; 72.9Coordinates: 34°10′N 72°54′E / 34.17°N 72.9°E / 34.17; 72.9
Country  Pakistan
Province Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
District Mardan
 • Nazim None
Time zone PST (UTC+5)

Bakhshali is a village and union council in Mardan District of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan.[1] It is located at 34°17'0N 72°9'0E and has an altitude of 307 metres (1010 feet).[2]


The village is notable for being the location of what is now known as the Bakhshali manuscript. This is an ancient mathematical work written on birch bark and is the oldest surviving document in South Asia of Indian mathematics.[3] It was discovered in 1881 during British rule by the tenant of a local police inspector. The manuscript was discovered while the tenant was digging in an abandoned building. [4]

See also[edit]