Balaklava, South Australia

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Balaklava
South Australia
BalaklavaMainStreet.JPG
Shops in the main street of Balaklava
Balaklava is located in South Australia
Balaklava
Balaklava
Coordinates 34°08′S 138°25′E / 34.133°S 138.417°E / -34.133; 138.417Coordinates: 34°08′S 138°25′E / 34.133°S 138.417°E / -34.133; 138.417
Population 1,827 (2011 Census)[1]
Established 1869
Postcode(s) 5461
Elevation 224 m (735 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Wakefield Regional Council
Region Mid North
State electorate(s) Frome
Federal Division(s) Wakefield
Localities around Balaklava:
Whitwarta Watchman, Stow Halbury Hoyleton
Saints, Bowmans Balaklava Halbury, Rhynie
Kallora Erith, Dalkey, Hoskin Corner, Pinery Owen

The town of Balaklava (population 1827, postcode 5461) is located in South Australia, 92 kilometres north of Adelaide in the Mid North region. It is on the south bank of the Wakefield River, 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of Port Wakefield.

History[edit]

Since prehistoric times the Balaklava district has been near the boundaries of the Kaurna and Peramangk peoples. The first Europeans to traverse the district were John Hill and Thomas Burr on 29 April 1840.[2] They discovered Diamond Lake and encamped near Owen. The first European settlers in the area were James and Mary Dunn who in 1850 opened a hotel to service bullock teamsters carting copper ore upon the Gulf Road between the Burra mine and the export port of Port Wakefield.

The Gulf Road copper ore traffic came to a sudden end in 1857 when a railway connected Gawler to Port Adelaide which provided a more economic path for exporting the ore. The teamster's loads were replaced by a flow of pastoral produce to Port Wakefield, mainly wool and grain. The town was laid out by Charles Fisher in 1869 and named it after the Battle of Balaklava.[3] He built large grain stores on the tramway from Hoyleton to the port at Port Wakefield, intending to encourage farmers to settle near the town.[4] The first Hotel erected in the new township of Balaklava was the Balaklava Hotel, later called the Royal. Thomas Saint borrowed the finances from Thomas James Manton and applied for the Hotel Keepers Licence on 17 November 1870 and was granted licence No.17 of 1871 on 4 April 1871.

Balaklava was first on the 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) narrow gauge Port Wakefield railway line which was an isolated horse-drawn tramway inland through Balaklava to Hoyleton. This was eventually taken over by South Australian Railways and converted to steam, as well as being extended at both ends. Balaklava was later considered to be on the Gladstone railway line, with a junction to Port Wakefield. The line to Balaklava from Hamley Bridge (connecting to Adelaide) opened in 1878. It was converted to 1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) broad gauge in 1927 and still existed as far as Balaklava up to 2002.[5] The last freight on the line was bulk grain in 2004.[6]

As the Balaklava railway station was originally on the Port Wakefield to Hoyleton line, before the railway from Hamley Bridge was built, and that line entered the town from the southeast, trains travelling using the route between Gladstone and Adelaide needed to change direction at Balaklava, as both the north and south lines entered the station from the east, with Port Wakefield being to the west.[7]

The name of the town was originally spelled Balaclava.

Hundred of Balaklava[edit]

Hundred of Balaklava
South Australia
Established 22 May 1856
Area 285 km2 (110.0 sq mi)
County Gawler
Lands administrative divisions around Hundred of Balaklava:
Hundred of Goyder Hundred of Stow Hundred of Hall
Hundred of Inkerman Hundred of Balaklava Hundred of Dalkey
Hundred of Dublin Hundred of Dublin Hundred of Grace

The Hundred of Balaklava is a cadastral unit of hundred located on the northern Adelaide Plains in South Australia immediately south of the Wakefield River.[8] It is one of the eight hundreds of the County of Gawler.[9] It was named in 1856 by Governor Dominick Daly after the Crimean War Battle of Balaklava.[8] The township of Balaklava is at the extreme north east corner of the Hundred.

The following localities of the Wakefield Council area are situated inside (or largely inside) the bounds of the Hundred of Balaklava:

Geography[edit]

Neighbouring townships to Balaklava include:

Governance[edit]

Balaklava is the administrative centre for local government seat of Wakefield Regional Council. Balaklava lies in the state electoral district of Goyder and the federal electoral division of Wakefield.

Education and media[edit]

The township of Balaklava has four education institutions:

  • Balaklava Community Children's Centre
  • Balaklava Primary School
  • Balaklava High School
  • Balaklava Horizon Christian School

The local newspaper is the Plains Producer.[10]

Art and sports[edit]

Balaklava hosts the annual Balaklava Cup horse racing carnival on the first Wednesday each September.[11] It also has an agricultural show in September each year. This major event showcases the regions many achievements, in agriculture, horse riding, baking, art and the local schools achievements as well as many fun things for the family to enjoy.

Balaklava is well known for its interest and support in the arts.[by whom?] The Balaklava Eisteddfod Society[12] holds its own music and speech/drama Eisteddfod every year in early August. It has been running since 1997 and is a very major event for the township.

The Balaklava Community Arts[13] group has been running since 1982 and has always been very supportive of the visual and performing arts. The Balaklava Courthouse Gallery began within the ranks of Balaklava Community Arts and now holds widely known exhibitions and competitions in visual arts. The Balaklava Community Arts group continues to nurture the local artistic talents and entertain the community with performing arts by both local and visiting artists, promoting the arts to the wider community.

Balaklava has several sporting facilities and clubs with regular competitions, such as the local basketball and tennis in summer, local football and netball in winter, and the squash courts which open all year. The football oval and basketball, netball and tennis courts are centralised at one location. Balaklava has its own pool, open from November through to April each year.

The Balaklava Golf Club[14] is a 18 hole 5,987 metre championship golf course fully watered year round and has clubhouse facilities. The Balaklava Gliding Club[15] is located at Whitwarta, 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) north-west of the township. Flying operations are normally on every weekend or by prior arrangement.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Balaklava (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2013-01-23. 
  2. ^ Register newspaper, 9 May 1840, page 5.
  3. ^ Manning Index of South Australian History
  4. ^ "THE PORT WAKEFIELD AND HOYLE'S PLAINS TRAMWAY, AND THE DISTRICT THROUGH WHICH IT PASSES.". The Express and Telegraph (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 27 November 1869. p. 2 Edition: SECOND EDITION. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Callaghan, W.H (2002). "Horse and Steam, Wheat and Copper". Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin (January;February ed.): 9–27; 46–63. 
  6. ^ "When was last train movement to Balaclava". Railpage. Interactive Omnimedia Pty Ltd. 28 September 2009. Retrieved 19 October 2015. [self-published source]
  7. ^ "RAILWAY CARRIAGE DERAILED.". The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 20 May 1914. p. 9. Retrieved 1 December 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Search for 'Hundred of Balaklava' (ID SA0004168)". Government of South Australia. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  9. ^ South Australia hundred maps 1:63 360. Surveyor General's Office. 1867. 
  10. ^ "The Plains Producer". 
  11. ^ "Balaklava Cup". Thoroughbred Racing SA. 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2015. 
  12. ^ Balaklava Eisteddfod website
  13. ^ Balaklava Community Arts Inc. website
  14. ^ "Balaklava Golf Club". 
  15. ^ "Balaklava Gliding Club".