Bute, South Australia
|Population||268 (2006 census)|
|Established||13 March 1884|
Bute is a town in the Northern Yorke peninsula of South Australia, approximately 40 kilometres (25 mi) east of Wallaroo and 24 kilometres west of Snowtown. It was proclaimed as a town in 1884 and named after the Isle of Bute, in the Firth of Clyde, Scotland. It was the original site of the Yorke Peninsula Field Days in 1895; they are now held outside Paskeville.
The cadastral Hundred of Wiltunga and Hundred of Ninnes were proclaimed in the County of Daly in 1874 to enable closer settlement of the area between the Barunga-Hummock Ranges and the coast-side copper-mining communities of Kadina, Wallaroo and Moonta. In 1882 land in the Hundred of Wiltunga was sold to pioneer grain-growing farmers for between £1 and £1/2/6 per acre. The Government Town of Bute was town surveyed near the southern boundary of the Hundred of Wiltunga in September 1883 and officially named by Governor William Robinson on 13 March 1884.
In 1888, the town of Bute and surrounding hundred of Wiltunga was annexed by the District Council of Ninnes, bringing local government administration to the township for the first time. In October 1879 the Brinkworth–Kadina railway line was opened with Bute being at the 18-mile (29 km) siding. The next siding towards Kadina on the railway was originally called "15-mile camp" or "16-mile Siding" and later Mona. While the railway was being constructed, some competition existed between Mona and Bute as to which rail-side settlement would become the prime business centre to serve residents, but by 1886 Bute was clearly dominant, being home to a church and school and having had a hotel license granted.
In addition to Mona, by the turn of the century, the suburbs of Bute East, Bute South and Bute West existed adjacent to Bute, outside the limits of the original government town. In 1933 the Ninnes council was renamed to the District Council of Bute given that, by then, the township of Bute had far outgrown Ninnes to the south.
From 1895 until about 1973, the Yorke Peninsula Field Day event was held at Bute. By 1935 a state-of-the-art aerodrome had been laid down immediately north of the town and become headquarters to the North-Western Aero Club.
From the late 1990s a tourist train traversed the by-then-disused railway line from Wallaroo to Bute, but this closed in 2009. In 1998 the boundaries of contemporary Bute were formalised. Bute East, Bute South, Bute West and Mona were all absorbed along with a huge swathe of surrounding farmland to form the new 238-square-kilometre (92 sq mi) bounded locality of Bute, which occupies approximately the south-eastern two thirds of the Hundred of Wiltunga.
Attractions to the town include the nearby Bute tannery, Bute Hobbies Bromeliad Display Gardens and the Bute Hotel. A free-to-view fauna park on the Snowtown Road is maintained by the Bute Lions Club. Visitors can view emus, peacocks, waterfowl, red kangaroos and other wildlife contained within fenced enclosures. The park also features barbecue facilities and picnic areas. The town is surrounded by agricultural and pastoral land.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Bute (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
- "Placename Details: Bute". Property Location Browser. Government of South Australia. 12 May 2011. SA0042676. Retrieved 27 November 2017.
- "Bute, Yorke Peninsula, South Australia, Australia". Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "Bute". Gazetteer of Australia online. Geoscience Australia, Australian Government.
- "Bute, South Australia". Travelmate. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- Narungga (Map). Electoral District Boundaries Commission. 2016. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
- "Placename Details: Mona Railway Station". Land Services, Government of South Australia. 8 September 2008. SA0045570. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
Gazetted as 'Allotments at 16 mile siding'-vide Government Gazette 17/12/1885. Government Town declared ceased to exist on 25/1/1979. Now incorporated into the bounded locality of Bute.
- Hosking, P.; Universal Publicity Company (1936), The Official civic record of South Australia : centenary year, 1936, Universal Publicity Company, retrieved 27 November 2017,
[...] half a mile from the town one of the best aerodromes in the State has been put down. It is 100 acres in extent [...] The North-Western Aero Club has its headquarters there, and undertakes the tuition of young airmen who desire to take up aviation. Aeroplane pageants are held periodically [...]
- "Attractions for Bute - South Australia, Australia". Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
- "Bute Lions Fauna Park | Bute Things to Do". www.about-australia.com. Retrieved 25 June 2017.
- West, District Council of Barunga (29 July 2015), Bute Fauna Park, District Council of Barunga West, retrieved 25 June 2017