Banksia solandri

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Stirling Range Banksia
B solandri Stahl email.jpg
B. solandri, cultivated Colac, Vic.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Proteaceae
Genus: Banksia
Species: B. solandri
Binomial name
Banksia solandri
R.Br.
Synonyms

B. hookeri J.Drumm.

Banksia solandri, commonly known as Stirling Range banksia, is a species of large shrub in the plant genus Banksia. It occurs only within the Stirling Range in southwest Western Australia. Its scientific name honors the botanist Daniel Solander, one of the first collectors of Banksia.

Description[edit]

It is a woody shrub to 4 m (13 ft) high with large, broad serrate leaves and thick finely-furred stems. Flowering is in spring and early summer, the inflorescences are fawn in colour.

Taxonomy[edit]

B. solandri was first collected by William Baxter from the vicinity of King George Sound, and published by Robert Brown in his 1830 Supplementum primum Prodromi florae Novae Hollandiae.[1] The name honors Daniel Solander, a student of Carl Linnaeus who accompanied Joseph Banks on the first voyage of James Cook, who collected the first specimens of Banksia to be scientifically described.[2]

In 1847 it was recollected from Mondurup in the Stirling Ranges by James Drummond. The following year Drummond published the name "Banksia hookeri" for the species:

[A]bout the height of 2,000 feet I found, first making its appearance, a splendid Banksia, with leaves more than nine inches long, and about five wide, irregularly jagged and sinuated like those of an English oak. To this noble shrub I have given the specific name of Hookeri. From the remains of the flowers, they appear to have been scarlet.[3]

In 1856, this name was relegated to a synonym of Banksia solandri var. major, but that variety is no longer maintained, and B. hookeri is now considered a synonym of B. solandri.

Banksi solandri has always been regarded as most closely related to Banksia grandis in the series Grandes, and more recent molecular studies support this arrangement.

Cultivation[edit]

Banksia solandri is extremely sensitive to dieback, however it is easily grafted onto Banksia integrifolia. The foliage makes for an attractive garden shrub. It will grow with a sunny aspect and well drained soil.

Seeds do not require any treatment, and take 36 to 71 days to germinate.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, Robert (1830). Supplementum primum Prodromi florae Novae Hollandiae. London, United Kingdom: Richard Taylor. p. 36. 
  2. ^ Seddon, George (2005). The Old Country: Australian Landscapes, Plants and People. Cambridge University Press. p. 138. 
  3. ^ Hooker, William Jackson (1848). (quoting James Drummond). "Notice of Mr Drummond's discovery of three remarkable plants in South-West Australia". Curtis's Botanical Magazine. LXXIV (Companion to the Botanical Magazine): 1–3. 
  4. ^ Sweedman, Luke; Merritt, David (2006). Australian seeds: a guide to their collection, identification and biology. CSIRO Publishing. p. 203. ISBN 0-643-09298-6. 

[1]

External links[edit]

  • ^ Carter, Harold (1988). Sir Joseph Banks 1743-1820. British Museum. ISBN 0565009931.