Banyuwangi Regency

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Banyuwangi Regency
Kabupaten Banyuwangi
Regency
Kawah-Ijen Indonesia Morning-fog-at-the-slopes-of-the-volcano-01.jpg
The view of Pulo Merah Islet in Banyuwangi, Indonesia.jpg G-land.JPG
Ketapang activity.jpg
Clockwise, from top left : Ijen volcano complex, G-Land, Ketapang Harbour, Pulo Merah Islet
Official seal of Banyuwangi Regency
Seal
Motto: Satya Bhakti Praja Mukti (official)

The Sunrise of Java (informal)
Location in East Java
Location in East Java
Banyuwangi Regency is located in Indonesia
Banyuwangi Regency
Banyuwangi Regency
Location in Indonesia
Coordinates: 8°10′8″S 113°42′8″E / 8.16889°S 113.70222°E / -8.16889; 113.70222
Country  Indonesia
Province  East Java
Government
 • Regent Abdullah Azwar Anas
Area
 • Total 5,782.4 km2 (2,232.6 sq mi)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,599,788
 • Density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)
Area code(s) +62-333
Website Official site

Banyuwangi Regency is located at the easternmost end of Java Island. It serves as a port between Java and Bali. It is surrounded by mountains and forests to the west; by sea to the east and south. Banyuwangi is separated by the Strait of Bali from Bali. With an area of 5,782.4 km2, this regency is the largest in Java. It had a population of 1,488,791 according to the 2000 Census; by the 2010 Census it had risen to 1,556,078; and the latest official estimate (for January 2014) is 1,599,788. The city of Banyuwangi is the administrative capital. The name Banyuwangi is Javanese for "fragrant water", connected to the Javanese folklore of Sri Tanjung.

Banyuwangi Regency in East Java province

Society and history[edit]

View of Banyuwangi during colonial period.

One Banyuwangi native group is the Osing community which has a Hindu culture although they can be considered as a Javanese sub-ethnic group. They live mainly in the central part of Banyuwangi and they sometimes consider themselves as Majapahit descendants.[citation needed] Other groups are Javanese (living mostly in the south and west), Madurese (mainly in the north and coastal area) and Balinese (scattered but more concentrated in the east). Other smaller groups include Chinese, Buginese, and Arabs.

Once known as Blambangan (or its variation: Balambangan and Balumbungan), it was a vassal of the Majapahit Kingdom and a regional trade centre. After the Majapahit Kingdom ceased to exist, it became an independent kingdom and, as such, the last Hindu kingdom of Java. In order to defend itself from the troops of the Sultanate of Demak, which tried to occupy it, Blambangan asked for help from Balinese kings, which caused it to lose its independence to Balinese kingdoms. During this time Blambangan was deeply influenced by Balinese culture. After around 150 years of Balinese occupation, the Sultanate of Mataram gained control of the territory and renamed it Banyuwangi. Later, it was part of the Mataram territory controlled by the VOC (1770). During the expansion of plantations in the 19th century, many parts of Banyuwangi were planted with coffee and sugar cane, which feature its landscape even now. The Chinese and Arabs came mostly during this period.

Banyuwangi people are known for their combination of Islamic and pre-Islamic tradition.

During the Fall of Suharto a witchhunt in Banyuwangi against alleged sorcerers spiraled into widepsread riots and violence. In addition to alleged sorcerers, Islamic clerics were also targeted and killed, Nahdlatul Ulama members were murdered by rioters.[1][2]

Culture[edit]

Gandrung Dance[edit]

This is a Banyuwangi-typical dance which performed by a woman and along with simple music like violin, triangle (called kluncing), gong (or kempul), kendhang and sometimes with keyboard as result of modern influence. It is performed during night until dawn particularly in parties.

Janger or Damarwulan[edit]

Damarwulan is a legendary hero who features in traditional theatre art which has been developed since the 19th century in Banyuwangi. It is a combination of Balinese, Javanese and local cultures. Balinese influences can be seen in its performers' costumes and instruments. Meanwhile, Javanese influences is in its "lakon" or stories as well as language in dialogues. It is distinct from the Balinese Janger.

Administrative districts[edit]

Banyuwangi Regency is divided into 24 districts (kecamatan), listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census:[3]

Tourism[edit]

Reede on Bali Street, Banjuwangi, East Java

Many European tourists visiting Bali come to Banyuwangi to surf in Plengkung and dive in Tabuhan Island. Ferries from Bali arrive at the port of Ketapang, some 8 km to the north of Banyuwangi city. Plekung Beach is also known as G-land or green land have 3 types of waves up to 6 to 8 meters tall.[4]

Banyuwangi International Surfing Competition 2014

This was the second time competition after the 2012 competition. 23–25 May 2014 competition is followed by at least 15 countries in Pantai Pulau Merah (Red Island Beach) which has 4 meters height and 400 meters long of waves.[5]

Diamond Triangle

Diamond Triangle consists of:[6]

  • Ijen Crater Nature Tourist Park, we can see tosca lake crater and traditional sulphur mining which the sulphur bunch mobilization still use human to hike and down to the crater.
  • Alas Purwo National Park, besides see the animals we can surf at G-land/Plengkung with Money Trees, Speddy's, Kongs, Twenty-twenty and Tiger Track waves.
  • Meru Betiri National Park, Sukamade Turtle Breeding Station regularly releases baby marine turtles to open ocean. 4 of 6 kind of turtles can be found in Indonesia regularly visit Sukamade to put their eggs. Penyu Hijau (Chelonia mydas) visit the Sukamade Beach almost everynight, Penyu Lekang (Lepidochelys olivacea) visit in March to June, Penyu Belimbing (Dermochelys coriacea) put the egg every 4 years in June to September and the scare Penyu Sisik (Eremochelys olivacea) very seldom to visit the beach.
Many waterfalls

Visitors may be interested to find several waterfalls in one locality. Opened formally in 2014, there are a number of waterfalls in Kampung Anyar (New Village), near Kalibendo Plantation, around 15 kilometers from Banyuwangi on the way to Mount Ijen. There are 3 waterfalls near to each other known as the "Triple Waterfall" to be found 10 minutes walk down the stairs from a parking area. Or about 300 meters along the river, walking uphill, Kethagen Waterfall can be found. The cliff besides the river can reflect sunlight, glittering like diamonds.[7]

Climate[edit]

Banyuwangi has a temperate tropical and wet dry climate, similar to Banyuwangi's dry season start from May until October, and the rest is wet season. in 2013, Banyuwangi's highest average temperature is on October with 28.2 °C and lowest average temperature is on April with 24.8 °C

Climate Data For Banyuwangi
Year 2013
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec
Av. High (Celsius) 31.7 32.3 32 31.7 31.5 30.3 29.6 29.4 30.1 325 31.9 31.7
Daily (Celsius) 26.7 27.7 27.4 24.8 27.5 27 26.1 26 26.3 28.2 27.4 27.2
Av. Low (Celsius) 24.1 24.7 24.3 24.8 24.7 24.4 24.6 23.3 23.6 24.7 24.6 24.4
AV. Rainfall (mm) 527.5 100.2 193.1 228.8 97.3 122.8 156 37.3 6.9 0.8 237.6 160.3
Av. Rainy Days 25 14 19 16 16 18 19 8 4 4 21 21
Source:[8][9]
Wind Speed and Humidity
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Wind Speed (Knot) 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.2 2.6 3 3 2.8 3.1 2.3 2.1
Humidity (%) 86 81 82 83 84 86 82 78 77 75 82 83
Source:[10]
Air Pressure and Sunlight Exposure
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Air Pressure (mb) 1008.7 1008.3 1010.2 1004.2 1010.2 1009.2 1011.5 1012.8 1012.8 1012.4 1009.5 1008.8
Sunlight Exposure 45 71 72 67 70 58 60 87 96 99 67 61
Source:[11]

Environment[edit]

The forest and river in Banyuwangi is well-preserved, says the Indonesia Dragonfly Society because they found 3 dragonfly species which only can live in good environment.[12]

Nevertheless, there are local controversies in the Regency over the impact of gold mining activities in the locality of Tumpang Pitu village. In 2006, the Banywangi regency administration granted a mining licence to one company, PT Indo Multi Niaga, which later transferred the licence to another company. However, the local community had expressed concern about gold mining activities as early as 1997. The issues partly related to the protection of the area around a local Hindu temple, partly relate to environmental matters, and partly related to local community views about the economic and social impact of the mining.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.insideindonesia.org/weekly-articles/the-banyuwangi-murders
  2. ^ "Breaking News, Analysis, Politics, Blogs, News Photos, Video, Tech Reviews - TIME.com". Time. October 19, 1998. 
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ "Pantai Plekung, Destinasi untuk Berselancar". October 17, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Puluhan Peselancar Mancanegara Ikuti Kompetisi Surfing di Banyuwangi". May 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Triangle Diamond Banyuwangi". Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ Agoes Santoso. "Segarnya Air Terjun Kembar Kampung Anyar". Retrieved January 31, 2015. 
  8. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12. 
  9. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12. 
  10. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12. 
  11. ^ "BPS Kabupaten Banyuwangi". banyuwangikab.bps.go.id. Retrieved 2016-04-12. 
  12. ^ Ika Ningtyas (January 30, 2014). "Rare Dragonfly Species Found in Banyuwangi". 
  13. ^ Indra Harsaputra, 'Banywangi mining site risks triggering social conflight: Experts', The Jakarta Post, 30 January 2016.

External links[edit]

Banyuwangi travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 8°13′07″S 114°22′01″E / 8.21861°S 114.36694°E / -8.21861; 114.36694