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Barikot is a city located in the south end of the Swat valley, which is located at a distance of 20 km away from Mingora. It is the entrance town to Swat valley with a population of 25,000 approximately, Bazeera was the historical name of Barikot. This town has many archeological sites and very famous for Italian archeologist.
This town is situated on the side of river swat. This town is famous for its talented people all over Pakistan in the field of education and sports. Barikot is the gateway to swat.
The Italian archeologists identified Barikot with the ancient town of "Bazira". At the time of Alexander the Great invasion, Bazira was occupied by Assakenoi people whose settlements are still existent.
Ancient fortifications by the name of Barikot-Ghwandai, located on the outskirts of the town, are being excavated by an Italian Archaeological mission since 1984.
The oldest layer built of bricks and stone probably corresponds to the fortress besieged by Alexander. However, no traces of the Macedonian occupation have been found yet.
The sequent layers consist of fortifications built by the Indo-Greek kings. A stone wall in Hellenistic style was built around the city, with equidistant quadrangular bastions, all according to Attic measurements. Ruins of palatial quarters as well as areas related to the Buddhism have been unearthed
During the Kushan period, Barikot experienced rapid development with the creation of building dedicated to workmanship.
Barikot has become a very important archaeological site, rivaling Taxila, for the study of history in northern Pakistan. A large quantity of the artefacts are preserved in the National Museum of Oriental Art of Rome, and the MAO in Turin.
The nearby sanctuary of Butkara I has been very valuable in the study of the development of Greco-Buddhist art.
Mostly Yousafzai Pashtuns living in Barikot.
- Report of the Italian Archaeological Mission (Pdf, Italian)
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