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Pillar at Baruva, constructed to commemorate a 1917 shipping accident
|Elevation||10 m (30 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Baruva is a village and a beach resort located near Sompeta in Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh, India. It is located at 18.53N 84.35E., at an average elevation of 10 m (33 ft). The Mahendratanaya River merges into the Bay of Bengal at this place.
Baruva was used as a seaport in the era of British colonial rule in India up to 1948. In July, 1917, a ship carrying goods sank in the sea. To commemorate this incident a pillar was constructed. The harbor is closed, but the old lighthouse stood until 2000. A light house has been constructed next to the beach resort. Baruva's beach is one of the oldest in Andhra Pradesh. As per legend the Mahabharath heroes Pandavas lived in the thick jungles of Mahendragiri mountain which is little away from Baruva, when they were in excile. One day they accidentally kill a cow mistaking it for a wild animal. Since Gohathya( killing a cow) is equivalent to Brahmahatya( killing a brahman) they decide to penace at the confluence of the river Mahendratanaya with the Bay of Bengal They perform a yagna and built a temple at the spot. The Asthis ( bones) reputed to dissolve in the water of the river because of the holy ritual performed here. The present name is a corruption of the old name BARUHA which apparently originated from Brahmahathya. The Pandavas also bùlt temples on Mahendragiri mountain peak remnants of them still exist to this day. People around here believe that at the end of the Mahabharat war the Pandavas ascended to the heaven from here. Mahendragiri is the highest peak of the Eastern Ghats. Though the town is called Baruva, it was mentioned as Venkatrayapuram in the revenue records until the British leaft. The sand dunes of Baruva Beach are reputed to be among the largest of their kind in the world!Buses ply from here to Berhampur in Odisha and Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh. The town of Palasa, popularly called as the " White Gold City" because of the pmany cashew factories here, is less than 20 kilometers away from Baruva.All mail and express trains halt at Palasa. The Baruva railway station is few kilometers away from the town. All passenger trains on the east coast halt here.