Basque regional election, 1998
All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament
The Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) won 21 seats, the People's Party (PP) came second for the first time with 16 seats, the Basque Citizens (EH) coalition and the Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE) won 14 seats each.
The Basque Parliament was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the regional Statute of Autonomy, all three Basque historical territories—the provinces—were to constitute multi-member districts, being assigned an equal number of seats each. The electoral law set this to a fixed-number of 25, for a total of 75 seats. A threshold of 5% of valid votes—which included blank ballots—was applied in each constituency, with parties not reaching the threshold not taken into consideration for seat distribution.
Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.
The Lehendakari had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election; otherwise, elected deputies served for four year terms, starting from election day. Additionally, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved in the event that no Lehendakari was elected within a 60 day-period from the chamber's first convening, triggering a snap election likewise.
|Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV)||350,322||27.62||–1.70||21||–1|
|People's Party (PP)||251,743||19.85||+5.69||16||+5|
|Basque Citizens (EH)1||224,001||17.66||+1.65||14||+3|
|Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE))||220,052||17.35||+0.52||14||+2|
|Basque Solidarity (EA)||108,635||8.57||–1.56||6||–2|
|United Left (EB–IU)||71,064||5.60||–3.39||2||–4|
|Alavese Unity (UA)||15,738||1.24||–1.44||2||–3|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||9,010||0.71||—||0||±0|
|Natural Law Party (PLN/LNA)||4,858||0.38||New||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||3,288||0.26||New||0||±0|
|Basque Country Greens (EHB)||864||0.07||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||1,275,008||69.99||+10.30|
|Source(s): Department for Security of the Basque Country, historiaelectoral.com|
Distribution by constituency
|Juan José Ibarretxe||PNV (21), EH (13), EA (6)||
40 / 75
|Carlos Iturgaiz||PP (16), UA (2)||
18 / 75
|Blank ballots||PSE–EE (13), EB–IU (2)||
15 / 75
|Absences: EH (1), PSE–EE (1)|
- Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of December 18, 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- Law on Elections to the Basque Parliament of 1990, Law No. 5 of June 15, 1990 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
- Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.