Basque regional election, 1998

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Basque regional election, 1998
Basque Country (autonomous community)
← 1994 25 October 1998 2001 →

All 75 seats in the Basque Parliament
38 seats needed for a majority
Registered 1,821,608 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4.1%
Turnout 1,275,008 (70.0%)
Green Arrow Up Darker.svg10.3 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Juan José Ibarretxe 2007 (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Arnaldo Otegi 2006 (cropped).jpg
Leader Juan José Ibarretxe Carlos Iturgaiz Arnaldo Otegi
Party EAJ/PNV PP EH
Leader since 31 January 1998 5 October 1996 14 February 1998
Leader's seat Álava Biscay Gipuzkoa
Last election 22 seats, 29.3% 11 seats, 14.2% 11 seats, 16.0%
Seats won 21 16 14
Seat change Red Arrow Down.svg1 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg3
Popular vote 350,322 251,743 224,001
Percentage 27.6% 19.9% 17.7%
Swing Red Arrow Down.svg1.7 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg5.7 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.7 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg Carlos Garaikoetxea 1979 (cropped).jpg Javier Madrazo 2007 (cropped).jpg
Leader Nicolás Redondo Carlos Garaikoetxea Javier Madrazo
Party PSE–EE (PSOE) EA EB–IU
Leader since 20 October 1997 4 September 1986 14 May 1994
Leader's seat Biscay Gipuzkoa Biscay
Last election 12 seats, 16.8% 8 seats, 10.1% 6 seats, 9.0%
Seats won 14 6 2
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg2 Red Arrow Down.svg2 Red Arrow Down.svg4
Popular vote 220,052 108,635 71,064
Percentage 17.4% 8.6% 5.6%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.6 pp Red Arrow Down.svg1.5 pp Red Arrow Down.svg3.4 pp

BasqueCountryProvinceMapParliament1998.png
Constituency results map for the Basque Parliament

Lehendakari before election

José Antonio Ardanza
EAJ/PNV

Elected Lehendakari

Juan José Ibarretxe
EAJ/PNV

The 1998 Basque regional election was held on Sunday, 25 October 1998, to elect the 6th Parliament of the Basque Autonomous Community. All 75 seats in the Parliament were up for election.

The Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) won 21 seats, the People's Party (PP) came second for the first time with 16 seats, the Basque Citizens (EH) coalition and the Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE) won 14 seats each.

Electoral system[edit]

The Basque Parliament was elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation. Under the regional Statute of Autonomy, all three Basque historical territories—the provinces—were to constitute multi-member districts, being assigned an equal number of seats each. The electoral law set this to a fixed-number of 25, for a total of 75 seats. A threshold of 5% of valid votes—which included blank ballots—was applied in each constituency, with parties not reaching the threshold not taken into consideration for seat distribution.

Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all residents over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Concurrently, residents meeting the previous criteria and not involved in any cause of ineligibility were eligible for the Parliament. Groups of electors were required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered electors in a particular district in order to be able to field candidates.

The Lehendakari had the ability to dissolve the chamber at any given time and call a snap election; otherwise, elected deputies served for four year terms, starting from election day. Additionally, the Parliament was to be automatically dissolved in the event that no Lehendakari was elected within a 60 day-period from the chamber's first convening, triggering a snap election likewise.[1][2][3]

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 25 October 1998 Basque Parliament election results
BasqueParliamentDiagram1998.svg
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Basque Nationalist Party (EAJ/PNV) 350,322 27.62 –1.70 21 –1
People's Party (PP) 251,743 19.85 +5.69 16 +5
Basque Citizens (EH)1 224,001 17.66 +1.65 14 +3
Socialist Party of the Basque Country–Basque Country Left (PSE–EE (PSOE)) 220,052 17.35 +0.52 14 +2
Basque Solidarity (EA) 108,635 8.57 –1.56 6 –2
United Left (EB–IU) 71,064 5.60 –3.39 2 –4
Alavese Unity (UA) 15,738 1.24 –1.44 2 –3
Blank ballots 17,641 1.39 –0.35
Total 1,268,206 100.00 75 ±0
Valid votes 1,268,206 99.47 +0.06
Invalid votes 6,802 0.53 –0.06
Votes cast / turnout 1,275,008 69.99 +10.30
Abstentions 546,600 30.01 –10.30
Registered voters 1,821,608
Source(s): Department for Security of the Basque Country, historiaelectoral.com
Popular vote
EAJ/PNV
  
27.62%
PP
  
19.85%
EH
  
17.66%
PSE–EE (PSOE)
  
17.35%
EA
  
8.57%
EB–IU
  
5.60%
UA
  
1.24%
Others
  
0.71%
Blank ballots
  
1.39%
Seats
EAJ/PNV
  
28.00%
PP
  
21.33%
EH
  
18.67%
PSE–EE (PSOE)
  
18.67%
EA
  
8.00%
EB–IU
  
2.67%
UA
  
2.67%

Distribution by constituency[edit]

Constituency PNV PP EH PSE–EE EA EB–IU UA
 % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S  % S
Álava 21.6 6 26.7 7 12.1 3 16.8 5 6.3 1 5.6 1 8.4 2
Biscay 32.6 9 20.2 5 14.6 4 18.3 5 6.0 1 6.2 1 0.1
Gipuzkoa 21.7 6 16.4 4 25.2 7 16.0 4 13.9 4 4.6 0.1
Total 27.6 21 19.9 16 17.7 14 17.4 14 8.6 6 5.6 2 1.2 2

Aftermath[edit]

Investiture vote[edit]

First round: 29 December 1998
Absolute majority (38/75) required
Choice Vote
Parties Votes
YesYJuan José Ibarretxe PNV (21), EH (13), EA (6)
40 / 75
NCarlos Iturgaiz PP (16), UA (2)
18 / 75
Blank ballots PSE–EE (13), EB–IU (2)
15 / 75
Absences: EH (1), PSE–EE (1)
Source: historiaelectoral.com

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statute of Autonomy of the Basque Country of 1979, Organic Law No. 3 of December 18, 1979 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  2. ^ Law on Elections to the Basque Parliament of 1990, Law No. 5 of June 15, 1990 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.
  3. ^ Government Law of 1981, Law No. 7 of June 30, 1981 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 14 March 2017.