Battle of Ctesiphon (263)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Battle of Ctesiphon (263)
Part of the Roman–Persian Wars
LocationCtesiphon, (present day Iraq)
Result Sasanian victory[1][2][3]
Sasanian Empire Palmyrene kingdom
Roman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Shapur I Odaenathus
Unknown Unknown
Casualties and losses
Unknown Unknown

The Battle of Ctesiphon took place in 263 between the Sassanid Empire and Palmyrene army under the Palmyrene king Odaenathus (Palmyra was then an allied state of Rome and officially part of the latter Empire).[4][5][6] Following the Sasanians' defeat and loss of Syria and Cappadocia to the Roman Empire at the hands of Odaenathus and Balista; The Palmyrene monarch invaded Mesopotamia and stood at the walls of Ctesiphon and devastated the region around it, however he could not conquer it.[1][2][3] The logistical problems of fighting in enemy territory forced the Palmyrenes to leave the siege carrying with them numerous prisoners and booty.[5] The prisoners were sent to Rome, enabling the Roman emperor Gallienus to hold a triumph.[7]


  1. ^ a b Who's Who in the Roman World by John Hazel
  2. ^ a b Babylonia Judaica in the Talmudic Period by A'haron Oppenheimer, Benjamin H. Isaac, Michael Lecker
  3. ^ a b The New Encyclopædia Britannica
  4. ^ Gary K. Young (2003). Rome's Eastern Trade: International Commerce and Imperial Policy 31 BC - AD 305. p. 159.
  5. ^ a b Udo Hartmann (2001). Das palmyrenische Teilreich (in German). p. 172.
  6. ^ Michael Gagarin (2009). The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome, Volume 7. p. 156.
  7. ^ Pat Southern (2008). Empress Zenobia: Palmyra s Rebel Queen. p. 71.