Battle of Quebec (ice hockey)
The Battle of Quebec is a former National Hockey League (NHL) rivalry between the Montreal Canadiens and Quebec Nordiques. The rivalry lasted from 1979–80 to 1994–95. The teams played against each other five times in the NHL playoffs, and the Canadiens won three of the series. One meeting in 1984 resulted in the Good Friday Massacre, a game in which multiple brawls happened. The Battle of Quebec extended to politics, in which the Canadiens and Nordiques became symbols for rival parties, and beer distribution, as the teams were both owned by competing breweries.
The Nordiques began play in 1972, in the World Hockey Association (WHA). As part of the new league's raid on NHL talent, the team signed J. C. Tremblay, a Canadiens defenceman, to a five-year contract. Quebec also hired former Montreal players Maurice Richard and Jacques Plante as head coaches. The Canadiens–Nordiques rivalry began in the 1979–80 season, when the Nordiques became one of four former WHA teams to join the NHL as part of the NHL–WHA merger. The Canadiens originally were one of five teams to vote down the merger. However, the Canadiens' owner, Molson Brewery, feared that Canadian cities with WHA teams in the deal would boycott the brand, and the team supported the merger in a subsequent vote. At first the teams were placed in different divisions; Montreal was in the Norris Division, while Quebec was given a spot in the Adams Division.
1979–80 to 1981–82
The teams played their first game against each other in Montreal on October 13, 1979, and the Canadiens won 3–1. The Nordiques hosted the rivalry for the first time on October 29, and upset the Canadiens 5–4; the Ottawa Citizen wrote that "The victory marked the end of a decades-old Quebec belief that Montreal was unbeatable." The rivalry was fairly even in its first few years; from the 1979–80 to 1981–82 regular seasons, the Canadiens were 6–5–5 in the series, and had just one win away from the Montreal Forum.
The NHL realigned before the 1981–82 season, and the Canadiens were placed in the Adams Division with the Nordiques. In the 1982 playoffs, the teams met in the postseason for the first time. After a Game 1 loss, the Nordiques won the next two games, putting them in position to win the best-of-five series. Montreal won the fourth game 6–2; the contest featured a combined 251 penalty minutes, including 159 from one first-period altercation. The Montreal Forum was the site of Game 5, where the Canadiens scored twice in the third period to force a 2–2 tie and a series-deciding overtime period. The game, and series, came to a quick end 22 seconds into the extra period when Quebec's Dale Hunter scored after a 2-on-1 odd-man rush to give the Nordiques the victory.
1984 playoffs: Good Friday Massacre
Two years later, the teams met again in the playoffs; by this time the rivalry had been given the Battle of Quebec nickname. The teams split the first four games of the best-of-seven series before Montreal won Game 5 in Quebec City, 4–0. Game 6 took place in Montreal on April 20, 1984. The Canadiens rallied from a two-goal deficit in the third period to win 5–3 and clinch the series, but the game is best known for having multiple brawls in the last two periods. The fighting started as the second period was ending, after an incident between the Nordiques' Hunter and the Canadiens' Guy Carbonneau, who was "pinned to the ice" by Hunter. More than 10 minutes of brawling followed, and the teams were given 222 penalty minutes for the second period. Ten players were thrown out of the game between both brawls, but several were not immediately told of their ejections after the first one, as the officials had not finished recording all of the penalties during the intermission. A 10-minute-long bench-clearing brawl occurred after the announcement of the ejections, and the total number of penalty minutes in the game exceeded 250.
1984–85 to 1986–87
In eight games between the teams during the 1984–85 season, the Canadiens lost only once, posting six victories. The 1985 playoffs saw the Canadiens and Nordiques face each other in the postseason for the third time in four years. The Nordiques won the first and third games in overtime and jumped out to a 3–2 lead after winning Game 5 in Montreal, 5–1. The Canadiens responded with a 5–2 win in Quebec City in the sixth game, sending the series to a decisive Game 7 back in Montreal. After regulation play ended with the score tied 2–2, the game entered overtime. Peter Stastny scored for the Nordiques at 2:22 of the extra period, giving the Nordiques the game and the series.
The teams did not meet in the 1986 playoffs, as the Nordiques lost to the Hartford Whalers in the first round, while the Canadiens won the Stanley Cup. In 1987, however, Montreal and Quebec had their fourth playoff matchup. The Nordiques won the first two games in the Montreal Forum, before the Canadiens evened the series with a pair of wins in Quebec City. Game 4 was decided in overtime, and featured a pregame fight. Montreal won Game 5 at home, though not without controversy. With the score tied 2–2 late in the third period, Alain Cote scored what appeared to be the go-ahead goal for the Nordiques, only to see it waved off due to offsetting penalties on both teams. Ryan Walter netted the game-winner for the Canadiens 14 seconds later. Quebec coach Michel Bergeron called his team's loss "a crime", saying "No one wants to let us win." One attorney in Quebec City offered to help the Nordiques challenge the final result of the game, which the team decided against. The Nordiques won Game 6 at home, but the Canadiens won the deciding Game 7 5–3, scoring all of their goals in the second period.
1993 playoffs and Nordiques' relocation
In the 1993 playoffs, the Canadiens and Nordiques met in the opening round. The Nordiques took a 2–0 lead in the series, but Montreal won four straight games after that to capture the series. Three of the six games went to overtime; the Canadiens won two of those, including Game 5 in Quebec City, which gave them the lead in the series. A 6–2 victory in Game 6 clinched the series for the Canadiens, who later won the Stanley Cup. The rivalry came to an end following the 1994–95 season, when the Nordiques relocated to Denver, Colorado, and became the Colorado Avalanche.
However, the rivalry never died. In 2002, the Avalanche held an exhibition game against the Canadiens in Quebec City. When Joe Sakic, a former Nordique, entered the arena with the Nordique blue, the fans gave him a thundering ovation. He said that "you're not going to find a better hockey city. It was really moving. There are no words." In 2010, La série Montréal-Québec, a TVA television series featuring games between amateur teams from the two cities, premiered.
Both of the teams in the rivalry were based in the province of Quebec. Montreal is the province's largest city, while Quebec City is its capital. One Nordiques employee said of the disparity between the size of the two cities, "Quebec City has always had a relationship of frustration with Montreal. This rivalry is the first time that Montreal and Quebec City can compete head to head in one event." Michael Farber wrote that hostility towards the Canadiens in Quebec City dated back to the team's signing of Jean Béliveau, who had previously played with the Quebec Aces. According to the Canadian Press, the Battle of Quebec also matched teams with opposite backgrounds. The Canadiens were a traditionally strong team, while the Nordiques were relatively new to the NHL during their playoff series in the mid-1980s. Stastny said of the rivalry, "It's like two camps, each representing something, you're not just playing for your team, you're playing for your half-a-million supporters and they're playing for their one or two million supporters."
The teams took on political symbolism during the rivalry. The Canadiens were seen by some as reflective of those in favor of keeping the province as part of Canada, while the Nordiques were seen as a symbol of Quebec independence. The Nordiques gained a large francophone fan base in Quebec, and their uniforms contained the colours and crest from the province's flag. One early-1980s survey by the La Presse newspaper found that, outside of east Montreal, support for the Canadiens and Nordiques tended to mirror where support existed for the Quebec Liberal Party and Parti Québécois, respectively.
A concurrent rivalry took place between the teams' owners, which were both breweries. Molson had purchased ownership of the Canadiens before the NHL–WHA merger, and the Nordiques were controlled by Carling O'Keefe. In May 1982, following the Canadiens' elimination from the NHL playoffs at the hands of the Nordiques the previous month, a 9.5 percent decline in Quebec's beer consumption was recorded. Montreal reporter Red Fisher credited Molson and Carling O'Keefe for expanding the rivalry, saying, "The breweries have carried the red flags in this."
The Canadiens and Nordiques fought multiple battles over league television rights. When the Nordiques joined the NHL in the merger with the WHA, a clause in the contract forced the Nordiques to forfeit revenue from Hockey Night in Canada telecasts for a five-year period. Molson was a leading sponsor of the broadcasts, and Nordiques president Marcel Aubut cited the agreement as an extension of the Molson–Carling O'Keefe rivalry. The teams also wound up on opposite sides of a dispute over the Trans-Border Agreement, which allowed the Canadiens and Toronto Maple Leafs to receive most of the proceeds from television rights in Canada. The Nordiques joined U.S.-based franchises in 1984 in trying to have games played in the U.S. televised; this led to a $22 million lawsuit by the other Canada-based teams, which was settled out of court.
- McKinley, Michael (2009). Hockey: A People's History. Random House. pp. 228–230. ISBN 9780771057717.
- "Pro hockey truce floating on top of beer boycott". Lawrence Journal-World. New York Times News Service. March 31, 1979. p. 11. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "Are Canadiens strong enough to keep cup?". The Windsor Star. Canadian Press. October 3, 1979. p. 26. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "Fans elated in Quebec". Ottawa Citizen. United Press of Canada (UPC). October 29, 1979. p. 18. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "Canadiens face Nordiques in all-Canada playoff series". Anchorage Daily News. Associated Press. April 7, 1982. p. B8.
- "Montreal evens its series". St. Petersburg Times. Associated Press. April 12, 1982. p. 5C. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "Habs will have hands full". The Regina Leader-Post. Canadian Press. October 1, 1981. p. B4. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- Farber, Michael (April 14, 1982). "Bouchard stayed calm to be Nordiques' star". The Montreal Gazette. p. F2. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
- "Emotional battle on tap in Quebec". The Windsor Star. Canadian Press. April 10, 1984. p. C1. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "1984 NHL Playoffs Summary". Hockey-Reference. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- Wilner, Barry (April 21, 1984). "Canadiens Survive Nordiques, Brawls". The Vindicator. Associated Press. p. 15. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "The Battle of Quebec". Montreal Canadiens. April 2, 2010. Retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "1984–85 Montreal Canadiens Schedule and Results". Hockey-Reference. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- Lowe, John (February 1, 1986). "Sacre Bleu! Hockey Splits A Province". The Philadelphia Inquirer. p. D1. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "1985 NHL Playoffs Summary". Hockey-Reference. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Fisher, Red (May 3, 1985). "Nordiques win battle of Quebec; Peter Stastny ends Habs' season with overtime goal: Nordiques 3, Canadiens 2". The Montreal Gazette. p. D1.
- Wilner, Barry (April 19, 1987). "Nordiques took the hard way". Park City Daily News. Associated Press. p. 20A. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- "1987 NHL Playoffs Summary". Hockey-Reference. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- Moran, Malcolm (May 3, 1987). "N.H.L. Playoffs; Canadiens Topple Nordiques". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- "Nordiques feel robbed after loss to Montreal". The Bend Bulletin. United Press International. April 29, 1987. p. D3. Retrieved February 10, 2011.
- "1993 NHL Playoffs Summary". Hockey-Reference. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- "Quebec mayor's NHL talk is offside: opponents". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. October 12, 2009. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- Cole, Stephen (2004). The Best of Hockey Night in Canada. Toronto: McArthur & Company. p. 109. ISBN 1-55278-408-8.
- Chung, Andrew (January 10, 2010). "It's 'Battle of Quebec,' Part Deux". Toronto Star. Retrieved October 5, 2011.
- United Press International (October 13, 1979). "NHL back in Quebec". The Morning Record and Journal. p. 19. Retrieved February 25, 2011.
- Farber, Michael (April 16, 1993). "Hockey's real Battle of Quebec". The Montreal Gazette. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- Canadian Press (April 12, 1984). "War of words subsides, Quebec teams get set". Ottawa Citizen. p. 49. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- "The Good Friday Brawl". The New York Times. March 20, 2008. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- McKinley, p. 230.
- Auf Der Maur, Nick (April 9, 1984). "Rivalry spells great hockey". The Montreal Gazette. p. A3. Retrieved February 12, 2011.
- Canadian Press (December 28, 1982). "Beer companies use hockey in their fight for customers". The Regina Leader-Post. p. A17. Retrieved February 11, 2011.
- Farber, Michael (December 24, 1982). "Bitter beer war being waged on rinks, fields". The Montreal Gazette. p. B13. Retrieved July 3, 2012.
- Dunning, Eric (2003). Sport: Issues in the sociology of sport. Taylor & Francis. p. 138. ISBN 9780415262927.