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Montreal Canadiens

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Montreal Canadiens
Canadiens de Montréal
2016–17 Montreal Canadiens season
A small white H contained inside a large red C, all surrounded by a blue contour.
Conference Eastern
Division Atlantic
Founded 1909
History Montreal Canadiens
19101917 (NHA)
1917–present (NHL)
Home arena Centre Bell
City Montreal, Quebec
ECA-Uniform-MTL.PNG
Colours Red, white, blue

              

Media English
French
Owner(s) Molson family (majority owner)
(Geoff Molson, chairman[1])
General manager Marc Bergevin
Head coach Michel Therrien
Captain Max Pacioretty
Minor league affiliates St. John's IceCaps (AHL)
Brampton Beast (ECHL)
Stanley Cups 24 (1915–16, 1923–24, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1943–44, 1945–46, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1985–86, 1992–93)
Conference championships 8 (1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1985–86, 1988–89, 1992–93)
Presidents' Trophies 0
Division championships 23 (1927–28, 1928–29, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1936–37, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1991–92, 2007–08, 2012–13, 2014–15)
Official website nhl.com/canadiens

The Montreal Canadiens[note 1] (French: Les Canadiens de Montréal) are a Canadian professional ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec. They are members of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference of the National Hockey League (NHL).

The club's official name is le Club de hockey Canadien.[2] The team is frequently referred to in English and French as the Habs. French nicknames for the team include Les Canadiens (or Le Canadien), Le Bleu-Blanc-Rouge, La Sainte-Flanelle,[3] Le Tricolore, Les Glorieux (or Nos Glorieux), Les Habitants, Le CH and Le Grand Club.

Founded in 1909, the Canadiens are the longest continuously operating professional ice hockey team worldwide, and the only existing NHL club to predate the founding of the NHL. One of the oldest North American professional sports franchises, the Canadiens' history predates that of every other Canadian franchise outside of football as well as every American franchise outside of baseball and the National Football League's Arizona Cardinals. The franchise is one of the "Original Six" teams, a description used for the teams that made up the NHL from 1942 until the 1967 expansion. The team's championship season in 1992–93 was the last time a Canadian team won the Stanley Cup.[4]

The Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup more times than any other franchise. They have won 24 championships, 22 of them since 1927, when NHL teams became the only ones to compete for the Stanley Cup.[5] On a percentage basis, as of 2014, the franchise has won 25.3% of all Stanley Cup championships contested after the Challenge Cup era, making it the second most successful professional sports team of the traditional four major sports of Canada and the United States, behind only the Boston Celtics.[note 2][6][7]

Since 1996, the Canadiens have played their home games at Centre Bell, originally known as Centre Molson.[8] The team previously played at the Montreal Forum which housed the team for seven decades and all but their first two Stanley Cup championships.[note 3]

History[edit]

The Canadiens were founded by J. Ambrose O'Brien on December 4, 1909, as a charter member of the National Hockey Association,[9][10] the forerunner to the National Hockey League. It was to be the team of the francophone community in Montreal, composed of francophone players, and under francophone ownership as soon as possible.[11] The team's first season was not a success, as they placed last. After the first year, ownership was transferred to George Kennedy of Montreal and the team's fortunes improved over the next seasons.[12] The team won its first Stanley Cup championship in the 1915–16 season.[13] In 1917, with four other NHA teams, the Canadiens formed the NHL,[14] and they won their first NHL Stanley Cup during the 1923–24 season, led by Howie Morenz.[15] The team moved from the Mount Royal Arena to the Montreal Forum for the 1926–27 season.[16]

The club began the 1930s decade successfully, with Stanley Cup wins in 1930 and 1931. The Canadiens and its then-Montreal rival, the Montreal Maroons, declined both on the ice and economically during the Great Depression. Losses grew to the point where the team owners considering selling the team to interests in Cleveland, Ohio, though local investors were ultimately found to finance the Canadiens.[17] The Maroons still suspended operations, and several of their players moved to the Canadiens.[18]

Five men playing hockey in a crowded arena.
Game between the Canadiens and the New York Rangers in 1962.

Led by the "Punch Line" of Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Toe Blake and Elmer Lach in the 1940s, the Canadiens enjoyed success again atop the NHL. From 1953 to 1960, the franchise won six Stanley Cups, including a record five straight from 1956 to 1960, with a new set of stars coming to prominence: Jean Beliveau, Dickie Moore, Doug Harvey, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Jacques Plante and Richard's younger brother, Henri.[19]

The Canadiens added ten more championships in 15 seasons from 1965 to 1979, with another dynastic run of four-straight Cups from 1976 to 1979.[20] In the 1976–77 season, the Canadiens set two still-standing team records — for most points, with 132, and fewest losses, by only losing eight games in an 80-game season.[21] The next season, 1977–78, the team had a 28-game unbeaten streak, the second-longest in NHL history.[22] The next generation of stars included Guy Lafleur, Yvan Cournoyer, Ken Dryden, Pete Mahovlich, Jacques Lemaire, Pierre Larouche, Steve Shutt, Bob Gainey, Serge Savard, Guy Lapointe and Larry Robinson. Scotty Bowman, who would later set a record for most NHL victories by a coach, was the team's head coach for its last five Stanley Cup victories in the 1970s.[23]

Façade of the Bell Centre. On the wall is a banner celebrating the Canadiens centennial, featuring two players, one in black and white and one in colour, and the Canadiens logo in front of a "100".
Centre Bell has been the Canadiens' home stadium since 1996. The arena is here seen in 2008, with banners celebrating the Montreal Canadiens centennial.

The Canadiens won Stanley Cups in 1986, led by rookie star goaltender Patrick Roy,[24] and in 1993, continuing their streak of winning at least one championship in every decade from the 1910s to the 1990s (this streak came to an end in the 2000s).[25] In 1996, the Habs moved from the Montreal Forum, their home during 70 seasons and 22 Stanley Cups, to Centre Molson (now called Centre Bell).[26]

Following Roy's departure in 1995, the Canadiens fell into an extended stretch of mediocrity,[27] missing the playoffs in four of their next ten seasons and failing to advance past the second round of the playoffs until 2010.[28] By the late 1990s, with both an ailing team and monetary losses exacerbated by a record-low value of the Canadian dollar, Montreal fans feared their team would end up relocated to the United States. Team owner Molson Brewery sold control of the franchise and the Molson Centre to American businessman George N. Gillett Jr. in 2001, with the right of first refusal for any future sale by Gillett and a condition that the NHL Board of Governors must unanimously approve any attempt to move to a new city.[29] Led by president Pierre Boivin, the Canadiens returned to being a lucrative enterprise, earning additional revenues from broadcasting and arena events. In 2009, Gillett sold the franchise to a consortium led by the Molson family which included The Woodbridge Company, BCE/Bell, the QFL Solidarity Fund, Michael Andlauer, Luc Bertrand and the National Bank Financial Group for $575 million, more than double the $275 million he spent on the purchase eight years prior.[30][31]

During the 2008–09 season, the Canadiens celebrated their 100th anniversary with various events,[32] including hosting both the 2009 NHL All-Star Game,[33] and the 2009 NHL Entry Draft.[34] Said season also marked the Canadiens as the first team in NHL history to reach 3,000 victories, reaching the milestone after their 5–2 victory over the Florida Panthers on December 29, 2008.[35]

Team identity[edit]

For more details on this topic, see History of the Montreal Canadiens.

The Canadiens organization operates in both English and French. For many years, public address announcements and press releases have been given in both languages, and the team Web site and social media outlets are in both languages as well.

Crest and sweater design[edit]

Original design of the "CHC" logo. (1917–19, 1921–22)

One of sport's oldest and most recognizable logos, the classic 'C' and 'H' of the Montreal Canadiens was first used together in the 1917–18 season, when the club changed its name to "Club de hockey Canadien" from "Club athlétique Canadien",[36] before evolving to its current form in 1952–53. The "H" stands for "hockey", not "Habitants," a popular misconception.[37] According to NHL.com, the first man to refer to the team as "the Habs" was American Tex Rickard, owner of the Madison Square Garden, in 1924. Rickard apparently told a reporter that the "H" on the Canadiens' sweaters was for "Habitants".[38]

The team's colours since 1911 are blue, red, and white. The home sweater is predominantly red in colour. There are four blue and white stripes, one across each arm, one across the chest and the other across the waistline. The main road sweater is mainly white with a red and blue stripe across the waist, red at the end of both arm sleeves red shoulder yokes. The basic design has been in use since 1914 and took its current form in 1925, generally evolving as materials changed.[39] Because of the team's lengthy history and significance in Quebec, the sweater has been referred to as 'La Sainte-Flanelle' (the holy flannel sweater).[3]

The Canadiens used multiple designs prior to adopting the aforementioned design in 1914. The original shirt of the 1909–10 season was blue with a white C. The second season had a red shirt featuring a green maple leaf with the C logo, and green pants. Lastly, the season before adopting the current look the Canadiens wore a "barber pole" design jersey with red, white and blue stripes, and the logo being a white maple leaf reading "CAC", "Club athlétique Canadien".[39] All three designs were worn during the 2009–10 season as part of the Canadiens centenary.[40]

The Canadiens' colours are a readily identifiable aspect of French Canadian culture. In the short story "The Hockey Sweater", Roch Carrier described the influence of the Canadiens and their jersey within rural Quebec communities during the 1940s.[41] The story was later made into an animated short, The Sweater, narrated by Carrier.[42] A passage from the short story appears on the 2002 issue of the Canadian five dollar bill.[43][44]

Motto[edit]

Nos bras meurtris vous tendent le flambeau, à vous toujours de le porter bien haut.

To you from failing hands we throw the torch. Be yours to hold it high.

The motto is from the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae, which was written in 1915, the year the Canadiens won their first Stanley Cup championship. The motto appears on the wall of the Canadiens' dressing room.[45]

Mascot[edit]

Beginning in the 2004–05 NHL season, the Canadiens adopted Youppi as their official mascot, the first costumed mascot in their long history. Youppi was the longtime mascot for the Montreal Expos baseball team, but was dropped from the franchise when they moved to Washington, D.C. in 2004 and became the Washington Nationals. With the switch, Youppi became the first mascot in professional sports to switch leagues.[46]

Rivalries[edit]

The Canadiens have developed strong rivalries with two fellow Original Six franchises, with whom they frequently shared divisions and competed in post-season play. The oldest is with the Toronto Maple Leafs, who first faced the Canadiens as the Toronto Arenas in 1917. The teams met 15 times in the playoffs, including five Stanley Cup finals. Featuring the two largest cities in Canada and two of the largest fanbases in the league, the rivalry is sometimes dramatized as being emblematic of Canada's English and French linguistic divide.[47][48] From 1938 to 1970, they were the only two Canadian teams in the league.

The team's other Original Six rival are the Boston Bruins, who since their NHL debut in 1924 have played the Canadiens more than any other team in both regular season play and the playoffs combined. The teams have played 34 playoff series, seven of which were in the finals.[49][50]

The Canadiens also had an intraprovincial rivalry with the Quebec Nordiques during its existence from 1979-1995, nicknamed the "Battle of Quebec."

Broadcasting[edit]

Montreal Canadiens games are broadcast locally in both the French and English languages. On radio, Canadiens games are broadcast in French by CHMP 98.5,[51] and in English by CKGM, TSN Radio 690, who acquired the English broadcast rights under a 7-year deal which began in the 2011-12 season.[52]

Regional television rights in French are currently held by Réseau des sports under a 12-year deal, effective as of the 2014–15 NHL season.[53] A sister to the English-language network TSN, RDS was the only French-language sports channel in Canada until the 2011 launch of TVA Sports,[54] and was also the previous national French rightsholder of the NHL; as a result, the Canadiens forewent a separate regional contract, and allowed its games to be televised nationally as part of RDS's national rights package.[55]

With TVA Sports becoming the national French rightsholder in the 2014–15 season through a sub-licensing agreement with Rogers Communications,[55] RDS parent company Bell Media subsequently announced a 12-year deal to maintain regional rights to Canadiens games not shown on TVA Sports. As a result, games on RDS are blacked out outside of the Canadiens' home market of Quebec, Atlantic Canada and parts of Ontario shared with the Ottawa Senators.[53] At least 22 Canadiens games per season (primarily through its Saturday night La super soirée LNH), including all playoff games, are televised nationally by TVA Sports.[56][57]

Regional television rights in English are held by Sportsnet East in a 3-year deal announced by Rogers on September 2, 2014, with selected games (three in its inaugural season) airing on CJNT City Montreal. The remaining games are aired nationally through the NHL on Sportsnet and Hockey Night in Canada packages, thus Rogers holds a monopoly on all English-language telecasts of the Canadiens.[58] Regional Canadiens games on Sportsnet East and City are called by John Bartlett and Jason York.[59] TSN previously held regional, English-language television rights to the Canadiens from 2010 through 2014. They were broadcast on a part-time TSN feed with Dave Randorf on play-by-play; these rights were not renewed by Bell Media past the 2013–14 season.[51][60]

Seasons and records[edit]

Season by season results[edit]

This is a list of the last five seasons completed by the Canadiens. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Montreal Canadiens seasons.

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against

Season GP W L OTL Pts GF GA Finish Playoffs
2011–12 82 31 35 16 78 212 225 5th, Northeast Did not qualify
2012–13 48 29 14 5 63 149 126 1st, Northeast Lost in Conference Quarterfinals,1–4 (Senators)
2013–14 82 46 28 8 100 215 205 3rd, Atlantic Lost in Conference Finals, 2–4 (Rangers)
2014–15 82 50 22 10 110 221 189 1st, Atlantic Lost in Second Round, 2–4 (Lightning)
2015–16 82 38 38 6 82 221 236 6th, Atlantic Did not qualify

Franchise individual records[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of Montreal Canadiens records.

Franchise scoring leaders[edit]

These are the top-ten point-scorers in franchise history. Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.

Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game

Sources: "Statistics | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2009-06-27. , "Hockey-Reference.com". 2010-06-17. 

Maurice Richard poses for a photographer while wearing his full Canadiens uniform.
Maurice 'The Rocket' Richard is the Canadiens' all-time leader in goals. The trophy awarded annually to the NHL's leading goal scorer is named in honour of Richard.[61]

Records – skaters[edit]

Career
Season

* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records – Individual records – Skaters | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Records – goaltenders[edit]

Career
Season

* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records – Individual records – goaltenders | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Current roster[edit]

Updated December 2, 2016.[62][63]

# Nat Player Pos S/G Age Acquired Birthplace
45 Canada Barberio, MarkMark Barberio D L 26 2015 Montreal, Quebec
28 Canada Beaulieu, NathanNathan Beaulieu Injured Reserve D L 24 2011 Strathroy, Ontario
41 Canada Byron, PaulPaul Byron LW L 27 2015 Ottawa, Ontario
43 Canada Carr, DanielDaniel Carr LW L 25 2014 Sherwood Park, Alberta
24 Canada Danault, PhillipPhillip Danault LW L 23 2016 Victoriaville, Quebec
51 Canada Desharnais, DavidDavid Desharnais C L 30 2008 Laurier-Station, Quebec
74 Russia Emelin, AlexeiAlexei Emelin D L 30 2004 Togliatti, Soviet Union
32 United States Flynn, BrianBrian Flynn C R 28 2015 Lynnfield, Massachusetts
27 United States Galchenyuk, AlexAlex Galchenyuk C L 22 2012 Milwaukee, Wisconsin
11 Canada Gallagher, BrendanBrendan Gallagher (A) RW R 24 2010 Edmonton, Alberta
54 Canada Hudon, CharlesCharles Hudon Injured Reserve LW L 22 2012 Alma, Quebec
62 Finland Lehkonen, ArtturiArtturi Lehkonen LW L 21 2013 Piikkio, Finland
79 Russia Markov, AndreiAndrei Markov (A) D L 37 1998 Voskresensk, Soviet Union
17 Canada Mitchell, TorreyTorrey Mitchell C R 31 2015 Greenfield Park, Quebec
35 United States Montoya, AlAl Montoya G L 31 2016 Chicago, Illinois
67 United States Pacioretty, MaxMax Pacioretty (C) LW L 28 2007 New Canaan, Connecticut
8 United States Pateryn, GregGreg Pateryn D R 26 2008 Sterling Heights, Michigan
26 United States Petry, JeffJeff Petry D R 28 2015 Ann Arbor, Michigan
14 Czech Republic Plekanec, TomasTomas Plekanec (A) C L 34 2001 Kladno, Czechoslovakia
31 Canada Price, CareyCarey Price G L 29 2005 Anahim Lake, British Columbia
47 Russia Radulov, AlexanderAlexander Radulov RW L 30 2016 Nizhny Tagil, Soviet Union
20 United States Redmond, ZachZach Redmond D R 28 2016 Traverse City, Michigan
65 Canada Shaw, AndrewAndrew Shaw C R 25 2016 Belleville, Ontario
6 Canada Weber, SheaShea Weber (A) D R 31 2016 Sicamous, British Columbia


Leaders[edit]

Team captains[edit]

Head coaches[edit]

Source: "Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 

Honoured members[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of Montreal Canadiens award winners.
Retired numbers at Centre Bell.

Retired numbers[edit]

The Canadiens have retired 15 numbers in honour of 18 players,[65] the most of any team in the NHL. All of the honourees were born in Canada. Howie Morenz was the first honouree, on November 2, 1937.[66]

Montreal Canadiens retired numbers
No. Player Position Tenure Date of honour
1 Plante, JacquesJacques Plante G 1952–63 October 7, 1995
2 Harvey, DougDoug Harvey D 1947–61 October 26, 1985
3 Bouchard, EmileEmile Bouchard D 1941–56 December 4, 2009
4 Beliveau, JeanJean Beliveau C 1950–71 October 9, 1971
5 Geoffrion, BernieBernie Geoffrion RW 1950–64 March 11, 2006
Lapointe, GuyGuy Lapointe D 1968–82 November 8, 2014
7 Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz C 1923–37 November 2, 1937
9 Richard, MauriceMaurice Richard RW 1942–60 October 6, 1960
10 Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur RW 1971-85 February 16, 1985
12 Moore, DickieDickie Moore LW 1951–63 November 12, 2005
Cournoyer, YvanYvan Cournoyer RW 1963–79 November 12, 2005
16 Richard, HenriHenri Richard C 1955–75 December 10, 1975
Lach, ElmerElmer Lach C 1940–54 December 4, 2009
18 Savard, SergeSerge Savard D 1966–81 November 18, 2006
19 Robinson, LarryLarry Robinson D 1972–89 November 19, 2007
23 Gainey, BobBob Gainey LW 1973–89 February 23, 2008
29 Dryden, KenKen Dryden G 1970–79 January 29, 2007
33 Roy, PatrickPatrick Roy G 1984–95 November 22, 2008

Hockey Hall of Fame[edit]

Sixty-two people associated with the Canadiens have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame. Thirty-six of these players are from three separate notable dynasties: 12 from 1955–60, 11 from 1964–69 and 13 from 1975–79. Howie Morenz and Georges Vezina were the first Canadiens given the honour in 1945, while Rogatien Vachon was the most recently inducted, in 2016.[67]

Montreal Canadiens Hall of Famers
Player Nat. Position Inducted
Morenz, HowieHowie Morenz Canada C 1945
Vezina, GeorgesGeorges Vezina Canada G 1945
Joliat, AureleAurele Joliat Canada LW 1947
Lalonde, NewsyNewsy Lalonde Canada C 1950
Malone, JoeJoe Malone Canada C 1950
Cleghorn, SpragueSprague Cleghorn Canada D 1958
Gardiner, HerbHerb Gardiner Canada D 1958
Mantha, SylvioSylvio Mantha Canada D 1960
Richard, MauriceMaurice Richard Canada RW 1961
Hall, JoeJoe Hall Canada D 1961
Hainsworth, GeorgeGeorge Hainsworth Canada G 1961
Noble, RegReg Noble Canada C 1962
Cameron, HarryHarry Cameron Canada D 1963
Gardner, JimmyJimmy Gardner Canada LW 1963
Laviolette, JackJack Laviolette Canada D 1963
Pitre, DidierDidier Pitre Canada RW 1963
Siebert, AlbertAlbert Siebert Canada D 1964
Durnan, BillBill Durnan Canada G 1964
Barry, MartyMarty Barry Canada C 1965
Reardon, KenKen Reardon Canada D 1966
Blake, Hector "Toe"Hector "Toe" Blake Canada LW 1966
Bouchard, EmileEmile Bouchard Canada D 1966
Lach, ElmerElmer Lach Canada C 1966
Worters, RoyRoy Worters Canada G 1969
Johnson, TomTom Johnson Canada D 1970
Beliveau, JeanJean Beliveau Canada C 1972
Geoffrion, BernardBernard Geoffrion Canada RW 1972
Harvey, DougDoug Harvey Canada D 1973
Smith, TommyTommy Smith Canada C 1973
Moore, DickieDickie Moore Canada LW 1974
Drillon, GordGord Drillon Canada RW 1975
Plante, JacquesJacques Plante Canada G 1978
Richard, HenriHenri Richard Canada C 1979
Worsley, GumpGump Worsley Canada G 1980
Mahovlich, FrankFrank Mahovlich Canada LW 1981
Cournoyer, YvanYvan Cournoyer Canada RW 1982
Dryden, KenKen Dryden Canada G 1983
Lemaire, JacquesJacques Lemaire Canada C 1984
Olmstead, BertBert Olmstead Canada LW 1985
Savard, SergeSerge Savard Canada D 1986
Laperriere, JacquesJacques Laperriere Canada D 1987
Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur Canada RW 1988
Esposito, TonyTony Esposito Canada G 1988
O'Connor, BudBud O'Connor Canada C 1988
Gainey, BobBob Gainey Canada LW 1992
Lapointe, GuyGuy Lapointe Canada D 1993
Shutt, SteveSteve Shutt Canada LW 1993
Robinson, LarryLarry Robinson Canada D 1995
Savard, DenisDenis Savard Canada C 2000
Langway, RodRod Langway United States D 2002
Roy, PatrickPatrick Roy Canada G 2006
Duff, DickDick Duff Canada LW 2006
Gilmour, DougDoug Gilmour Canada C 2011
Chelios, ChrisChris Chelios United States D 2013
Vachon, RogatienRogatien Vachon Canada G 2016

The following are members of the Hockey Hall of Fame in the Builders category. The first inductee was Vice-President William Northy in 1945. The most recent inductee was head coach Pat Burns in 2014.[68]

Montreal Canadiens Hall of Famers
Builder Nat. Title Inducted
Northey, WilliamWilliam Northey Canada Vice-President 1945
Raymond, Hon. DonatHon. Donat Raymond Canada Owner 1958
Irvin, DickDick Irvin Canada Coach 1958
Selke, Frank J.Frank J. Selke Canada General Manager 1960
O'Brien, J. AmbroseJ. Ambrose O'Brien Canada Owner 1962
Dandurand, LeoLeo Dandurand Canada Owner 1963
Gorman, TommyTommy Gorman Canada General Manager 1963
Molson, Hon. H de MHon. H de M Molson Canada Owner 1973
Cattarinich, JoeJoe Cattarinich Canada Owner 1977
Pollock, SamSam Pollock Canada General Manager 1978
Bowman, ScottyScotty Bowman Canada Coach 1991
Burns, PatPat Burns Canada Coach 2014

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Even in English, the French spelling, Canadiens, is always used.
  2. ^ As of May 2014, the Boston Celtics have the highest percentage of National Basketball Association championships with 25.4%, and in Major League Baseball, the New York Yankees have the highest percentage with 24.8%.
  3. ^ Earlier venues for the Canadiens include Jubilee Rink, Montreal Westmount Arena, and Mount Royal Arena

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Montreal Canadiens Team - Montréal Canadiens - Team: Administration". Montreal Canadiens. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
  2. ^ Club de hockey Canadien, Inc. (2013). "Montreal Canadians: Privacy Policy". canadiens.nhl.com. Retrieved 2013-05-26. 
  3. ^ a b Hamilton, Graeme (2008-10-22). "Are the Canadiens a religion?". National Post. Canada: The National Post Company. Retrieved 2008-12-12. [dead link]
  4. ^ "It's been 18 years since last Canadian Stanley Cup". The Globe and Mail. 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2012-02-14. 
  5. ^ "Stanley Cup All-time Champions and Finalists". NHL.com. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-24. 
  6. ^ "NBA Season Recaps". NBA Media Ventures. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  7. ^ "World Series History: Championships by Club". MLB Advanced Media. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  8. ^ "Molson Centre renamed Bell Centre". CBC Sports. 2002-02-26. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  9. ^ Jenish 2008, pp. 9–13
  10. ^ Stubbs, Dave (2008-09-04). "Canadiens toy with game at Olympic Stadium". Montreal Gazette. pp. C2. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  11. ^ D'Arcy, pp. 10–11
  12. ^ "Canadian Dictionary of Biography online". Government of Canada Library and Archives. 2007. Retrieved 2007-04-30. 
  13. ^ "Stanley Cup no. 1". Montreal Canadiens Hockey Club. Retrieved 2009-05-19. 
  14. ^ McGourty, John (2007-11-26). "NHL celebrates 90th anniversary today". NHL.com. Retrieved 2014-11-22. 
  15. ^ Sandor, Steven (2005). The Battle of Alberta: A Century of Hockey's Greatest Rivalry. Heritage House. p. 30. ISBN 1-894974-01-8. ISBN 1-894974-01-8. 
  16. ^ The Forum opens its doors, Montreal Canadiens Hockey Club, retrieved 2009-05-19 
  17. ^ Jenish 2008, pp. 80–85
  18. ^ Holzman, Morey; Nieforth, Joseph (2002), Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL Conquered Hockey, Dundurn Press, p. 330, ISBN 1-55002-413-2, ISBN 1-55002-413-2 
  19. ^ "Legends of Hockey - Spotlight - Montreal Canadiens - 1955-60". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-11-15. 
  20. ^ "Via Rail Stanley Cup Dynasties". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-11-22. 
  21. ^ "NHL records for most points and fewest losses still held by 1976-77 Habs". NHL.com. The Canadian Press. 2009-01-12. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  22. ^ "Blackhawks' streak ends at 24 with loss to Avalanche". NHL.com. 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  23. ^ "The Bowman Effect". Canadiens.NHL.com. 2013-03-08. Retrieved 2013-03-10. 
  24. ^ Kreiser, John, Seven teams that surprised by winning the Stanley Cup, National Hockey League, retrieved 2009-07-30 
  25. ^ Diamos, Jason (2006-04-27). "Canadiens Trying to Regain Past Glory". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-11-03. 
  26. ^ "Last game at the Montreal Forum". CBC. Retrieved 2014-11-03. 
  27. ^ Kay 2009, p. 126
  28. ^ Meagher, John (2005-12-06), "'I've never been back there'", Montreal Gazette, retrieved 2009-07-30 
  29. ^ Davenport, Jane; Gyulai, Linda (2001-02-01), "'I'll restore Habs': New owner looks ahead to that 25th Stanley Cup", Montreal Gazette, pp. A.1. 
  30. ^ Vardi, Nathan (2010-02-12). "Oh Canadiens: Inside The Richest Deal In NHL History". Forbes. Retrieved 2015-03-15. 
  31. ^ Curtis, Christopher (2014-11-25). "George Gillett Jr. helped turn Canadiens into a billion-dollar team". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 2015-03-31. 
  32. ^ "Habs to honor their 100th season" (Press release). Montreal Canadiens. 2008-08-26. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  33. ^ "Montreal to host '09 All-Star Game". ESPN. 2007-01-23. Retrieved 2007-02-14. 
  34. ^ "Canadiens to host 2009 NHL Entry Draft" (Press release). NHL.com. 2008-07-15. Retrieved 2008-09-04. 
  35. ^ "First ice-hockey team to win 3,000 regular-season games". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2014-10-29. 
  36. ^ Coffey, Phil (2008-02-08). "NHL.com – Ice Age: Playing the point on many issues – 02/08/2008". NHL.com. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  37. ^ "Jerseys and Logos – 1909 – 1946". 
  38. ^ "Why are the Montreal Canadiens called the Habs?". About.com. 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-30. 
  39. ^ a b "Our History – Logos and Jerseys". Canadiens.com. 2008. Retrieved 2011-02-16. 
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Sources

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