Jump to content

Montreal Canadiens

This is a good article. Click here for more information.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Montreal Canadiens
Canadiens de Montréal
2023–24 Montreal Canadiens season
A small white H contained inside a large red C, all surrounded by a blue contour.
HistoryMontreal Canadiens
19101917 (NHA)
1917–present (NHL)
Home arenaBell Centre
CityMontreal, Quebec
Team coloursRed, white, blue[1][2]
Owner(s)Molson family (majority owner)
(Geoff Molson, chairman)[3]
General managerKent Hughes
Head coachMartin St. Louis
CaptainNick Suzuki
Minor league affiliatesLaval Rocket (AHL)
Trois-Rivières Lions (ECHL)[4]
Stanley Cups24 (1915–16, 1923–24, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1943–44, 1945–46, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1970–71, 1972–73, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1985–86, 1992–93)[note 1]
Conference championships8 (1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1985–86, 1988–89, 1992–93)[note 2]
Presidents' Trophy0[note 3]
Division championships24 (1927–28, 1928–29, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1936–37, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1976–77, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1987–88, 1988–89, 1991–92, 2007–08, 2012–13, 2014–15, 2016–17)
Official websiteOfficial website

The Montreal Canadiens[note 4] (French: Les Canadiens de Montréal), officially le Club de hockey Canadien (lit. The Canadian Hockey Club)[5] and colloquially known as the Habs,[note 5] are a professional ice hockey team based in Montreal. The Canadiens compete in the National Hockey League (NHL) as a member of the Atlantic Division of the Eastern Conference. Since 1996, the team has played its home games at Bell Centre, originally known as Molson Centre.[6] The Canadiens previously played at the Montreal Forum, which housed the team for seven decades and all but their first two Stanley Cup championships.[note 6]

Founded in 1909, the Canadiens are the oldest continuously operating professional ice hockey team worldwide, and the only existing NHL club to predate the founding of the NHL. One of the oldest North American professional sports franchises, the Canadiens' history predates that of every other Canadian franchise outside the Toronto Argonauts, as well as every American franchise outside baseball and the National Football League's Arizona Cardinals. The franchise is one of the "Original Six", the teams that made up the NHL from 1942 until the 1967 expansion. The team's championship season in 1992–93 marked the last time a Canadian team won the Stanley Cup.[7]

The Canadiens have won the Stanley Cup more times than any other franchise, having earned 24 championships, with 23 victories since the founding of the NHL, and 22 since 1927, when NHL teams became the only ones to compete for the Stanley Cup.[8] The Canadiens also had the most championships by a team of any of the four major North American sports leagues until the New York Yankees won their 25th World Series title in 1999.


The Canadiens were founded by J. Ambrose O'Brien on December 4, 1909, as a charter member of the National Hockey Association,[9][10] the forerunner to the National Hockey League. It was to be the team of the francophone community in Montreal, composed of francophone players, and under francophone ownership as soon as possible.[11] The founders named the team "Les Canadiens," a term identified at the time with French speakers.[12] The team's first season was not a success, as they placed last in the league. After the first year, ownership was transferred to George Kennedy of Montreal and the team's record improved over the next seasons.[13] The team won its first Stanley Cup championship in the 1915–16 season.[14] In 1917, with four other NHA teams, the Canadiens formed the NHL,[15] and they won their first NHL Stanley Cup during the 1923–24 season, led by Howie Morenz.[16] The team moved from the Mount Royal Arena to the Montreal Forum for the 1926–27 season.[17]

The club began the 1930s decade successfully, with Stanley Cup wins in 1930 and 1931. The Canadiens and its cross-town rivals the Montreal Maroons, who stopped playing after the 1937–38 NHL season, declined both on the ice and economically during the Great Depression. Losses grew to the point where the team owners considered selling the team to interests in Cleveland, Ohio, though local investors were ultimately found to finance the Canadiens.[18] The Maroons suspended operations, and several of their players moved to the Canadiens.[19]

Five men playing hockey in a crowded arena.
Game between the Canadiens and the New York Rangers in 1962.

Led by the "Punch Line" of Maurice "Rocket" Richard, Toe Blake and Elmer Lach in the 1940s, the Canadiens enjoyed success again atop the NHL. From 1953 to 1960, the franchise won six Stanley Cups, including a record five straight from 1956 to 1960, with a new set of stars coming to prominence: Jean Beliveau, Dickie Moore, Doug Harvey, Bernie "Boom Boom" Geoffrion, Jacques Plante and Richard's younger brother, Henri.[20]

The Canadiens added ten more championships in 15 seasons from 1965 to 1979, with another dynastic run of four-straight Cups from 1976 to 1979.[21] In the 1976–77 season, the Canadiens set three still-standing team records – fewest losses (8) in an 80-game season,[22] the longest home unbeaten streak (34),[23] and best goal differential (+216)[24] – and one record that lasted until the 2022–23 Boston Bruins beat it, for the most points (132) in an 80-game season.[22][25][26] The next season, 1977–78, the team had a 28-game unbeaten streak, the second-longest in NHL history.[27] The next generation of stars included Guy Lafleur, Yvan Cournoyer, Ken Dryden, Pete Mahovlich, Jacques Lemaire, Pierre Larouche, Steve Shutt, Bob Gainey, Serge Savard, Guy Lapointe and Larry Robinson. Scotty Bowman, who would later set a record for most NHL victories by a coach, was the team's head coach for its last five Stanley Cup victories in the 1970s.[28]

The Canadiens won Stanley Cups in 1986, led by rookie star goaltender Patrick Roy,[29] and in 1993, continuing their streak of winning at least one championship in every decade from the 1910s to the 1990s (this streak came to an end in the 2000s).[30] In 1996, the Habs moved from the Montreal Forum, their home during 70 seasons and 22 Stanley Cups, to Molson Centre (now called Bell Centre).[31]

Following Roy's departure in 1995, the Canadiens fell into an extended stretch of mediocrity,[32] missing the playoffs in four of their next ten seasons and failing to advance past the second round of the playoffs until 2010.[33] By the late 1990s, with both an ailing team and monetary losses exacerbated by a record-low value of the Canadian dollar, Montreal fans feared their team would end up relocated to the United States. Team owner Molson Brewery sold control of the franchise and the Molson Centre to American businessman George N. Gillett Jr. in 2001, with the right of first refusal for any future sale by Gillett and a condition that the NHL Board of Governors must unanimously approve any attempt to move to a new city.[34] Led by club president Pierre Boivin, the Canadiens returned to being a lucrative enterprise, earning additional revenues from broadcasting and arena events. In 2009, Gillett sold the franchise to a consortium led by the Molson family which included The Woodbridge Company, BCE/Bell, the Fonds de solidarité FTQ, Michael Andlauer, Luc Bertrand and the National Bank Financial Group for $575 million, more than double the $275 million he spent on the purchase eight years prior.[35][36]

During the 2008–09 season, the Canadiens celebrated their 100th anniversary with various events,[37] including hosting both the 2009 NHL All-Star Game,[38] and the 2009 NHL Entry Draft.[39] The Canadiens became the first team in NHL history to reach 3,000 victories with their 5–2 victory over the Florida Panthers on December 29, 2008.[40]

Façade of the Bell Centre. On the wall is a banner celebrating the Canadiens centennial, featuring two players, one in black and white and one in colour, and the Canadiens logo in front of a "100".
The Bell Centre with banners celebrating the Montreal Canadiens centennial.

For the 2020–21 season, the league moved the Canadiens along with the other six teams from Canada to the North Division. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Canadiens only played against teams in the division in the regular season to avoid travel restrictions between the United States and Canada. All teams in the division played without fans to begin the season.[41] The Canadiens advanced through the 2021 Stanley Cup playoffs, beating the Toronto Maple Leafs in the first round of the playoffs 4–3, overcoming a 3–1 Maple Leafs lead in the series. The Canadiens then swept the Winnipeg Jets in the second round, advancing to the Stanley Cup semifinals.[42] The Canadiens defeated the Vegas Golden Knights in the semifinals, clinching an overtime victory in Game 6 of the series, and reaching their first Stanley Cup Finals in 28 years, whilst also being the first Canadian team to reach the Finals since the Vancouver Canucks in 2011.[43] Montreal lost the Finals to the Tampa Bay Lightning, 4 games to 1.[44]

In 2021–22, the Canadiens were unable to replicate their success from the prior season, ultimately finishing last in the league for the first time since the 1939–40 season and the first time in the NHL's expansion era, in what was one of the worst seasons in the team's history.[45][46][47] In the process they set team records for most regulation losses (49), most goals against (319), fewest wins (22),[48] and fewest points (55),[48] while their .335 point percentage was the team's third-worst ever, after only 1925–26 (.319) and 1939–40 (.260). As a result, team owner Geoff Molson authorized a "rebuild" of the roster over an extended period, a first in the modern history of the franchise.[49] The Canadiens finished fifth-last in the subsequent 2022–23 season.[50]

Team identity

The Canadiens organization operates in both English and French. For many years, public address announcements and press releases have been given in both languages, and the team website and social media outlets are in both languages as well. At home games, the first stanza of O Canada is sung in French, and the chorus is sung in English.

Crest and sweater design

Early logos used by the Canadiens
Logo used from 1909 to 1910
Logo used from 1912 to 1913
Original design of the "CHC" logo. (1917–19, 1921–22)

One of sport's oldest and most recognizable logos, the classic 'C' and 'H' of the Montreal Canadiens was first used together in the 1917–18 season, when the club changed its name to "Club de hockey Canadien" from "Club athlétique Canadien",[51] before evolving to its current form in 1952–53. The "H" stands for "hockey", not "Habitants," a popular misconception.[52] According to NHL.com, the first man to refer to the team as "the Habs" was American Tex Rickard, owner of the Madison Square Garden, in 1924. Rickard apparently told a reporter that the "H" on the Canadiens' sweaters was for "Habitants".[53] In French, the "Habitants" nickname dates back to at least 1914, when it was printed in Le Devoir to report a 9–3 win over Toronto on the ninth of February.[54][55]

The team's colours since 1911 are blue, white and red. The home sweater is predominantly red in colour. There are four blue and white stripes, one across each arm, one across the chest and the other across the waistline. The main road sweater is mainly white with a red and blue stripe across the waist, red at the end of both arm sleeves red shoulder yokes. The basic design has been in use since 1914 and took its current form in 1925, generally evolving as materials changed.[56] Because of the team's lengthy history and significance in Quebec, the sweater has been referred to as 'La Sainte-Flanelle' (the holy flannel sweater).

Since 2015, the Canadiens' home red sweater is the only uniform in the league to feature the French language version of the NHL shield logo (LNH) on the neck collar, in acknowledgment of Montreal's French Canadian heritage. The road white sweater retains the English NHL shield logo.[57]

The Canadiens used multiple designs prior to adopting the aforementioned design in 1914. The original shirt of the 1909–10 season was blue with a white C. The second season had a red shirt featuring a green maple leaf with the C logo, and green pants. Lastly, the season before adopting the current look the Canadiens wore a "barber pole" design jersey with red, white and blue stripes, and the logo being a white maple leaf reading "CAC", "Club athlétique Canadien".[56] All three designs were worn during the 2009–10 season as part of the Canadiens centenary.[58]

In the 2020–21 season, the Canadiens unveiled a "Reverse Retro" alternate uniform in collaboration with Adidas. The uniform was essentially the same as their regular red uniform, but with blue as the primary colour and red as the stripe colour.[59] A second "Reverse Retro" uniform was released in the 2022–23 season, again using the same template but with red relegated to the logo only and featuring a light blue base with white/dark blue/white stripes.[60]

The Canadiens' colours are a readily identifiable aspect of French Canadian culture. In the short story "The Hockey Sweater", Roch Carrier described the influence of the Canadiens and their jersey within rural Quebec communities during the 1940s.[61] The story was later made into an animated short, The Sweater, narrated by Carrier.[62] A passage from the short story appears on the 2002 issue of the Canadian five-dollar bill.[63][64]


Nos bras meurtris vous tendent le flambeau, à vous toujours de le porter bien haut.

To you from failing hands we throw the torch. Be yours to hold it high.

The motto is from the poem "In Flanders Fields" by John McCrae, which was written in 1915, the year before the Canadiens won their first Stanley Cup championship. The motto appears on the wall of the Canadiens' dressing room as well as on the inside collar of the new Adidas 2017–18 jerseys.[65]


The Canadiens mascot, Youppi!, poses for photographs at a Rogers Media event

Beginning in the 2004–05 NHL season, the Canadiens adopted Youppi! as their official mascot, the first costumed mascot in their long history. Youppi was the longtime mascot for the Montreal Expos baseball team but was dropped from the franchise when they moved to Washington, D.C. in 2004–05 and became the Washington Nationals. With the switch, Youppi became the first mascot in professional sports to switch leagues. He is also the first mascot in professional sports to get ejected from a game.[66] In June 2020, Youppi became the first mascot from a Canadian-based club to be honoured in The Mascot Hall of Fame. Youppi's induction in the Mascot Hall of Fame was decided by a long voting process, which included the public vote.[67][68]

In 2022, the Canadiens introduced an "unofficial official mascot" for its Reverse Retro series of games that season.[69]


The Canadiens have developed strong rivalries with two fellow Original Six franchises, with whom they frequently shared divisions and competed in postseason play. The oldest is with the Toronto Maple Leafs, who first faced the Canadiens as the Toronto Arenas in 1917. The teams met 16 times in the playoffs, including five Stanley Cup Finals. Featuring the two largest cities in Canada and two of the largest fanbases in the league, the rivalry is sometimes dramatized as being emblematic of Canada's English and French linguistic divide.[70][71] From 1938 to 1970, they were the only two Canadian teams in the league.

The team's other Original Six rival are the Boston Bruins, who since their NHL debut in 1924 have played the Canadiens more than any other team in both regular season play and the playoffs combined. The teams have played 34 playoff series, seven of which were in the finals.[72][73]

The Canadiens also had an intraprovincial rivalry with the Quebec Nordiques during their existence from 1979 to 1995, nicknamed the "Battle of Quebec."


Montreal Canadiens games are broadcast locally in both the French and English languages. CHMP 98.5 is the Canadiens' French-language radio flagship.[74] As of the 2017–18 season, the team's regional television in both languages, and its English-language radio rights, are held by Bell Media.[75] CKGM, TSN Radio 690, is the English-language radio flagship; it acquired the rights under a seven-year deal which began in the 2011–12 season.[76] In June 2017, Bell Media reached a five-year extension.[75]

Regional television rights in French are held by Réseau des sports (RDS) under a 12-year deal that began in the 2014–15 NHL season.[77] A sister to the English-language network TSN, RDS was the only French-language sports channel in Canada until the 2011 launch of TVA Sports,[78] and was also the previous national French rightsholder of the NHL; as a result, the Canadiens forwent a separate regional contract, and allowed all of its games to be televised nationally in French as part of RDS's overall NHL rights.[79]

With TVA Sports becoming the national French rightsholder in the 2014–15 season through a sub-licensing agreement with Sportsnet,[79] RDS subsequently announced a 12-year deal to maintain regional rights to Canadiens games not shown on TVA Sports. As a result, games on RDS are blacked out outside the Canadiens' home market of Quebec, Atlantic Canada and parts of Eastern Ontario shared with the Ottawa Senators.[77] At least 22 Canadiens games per season (primarily through its Saturday night La super soirée LNH), including all playoff games, are televised nationally by TVA Sports.[80][81]

TSN2 assumed the English-language regional television rights in the 2017–18 season, with John Bartlett on play-by-play, and Dave Poulin, Mike Johnson and Craig Button on colour commentary.[82][75] All other games, including all playoff games, are televised nationally by Sportsnet or CBC.[83] Bartlett returned to Sportsnet over the 2018 off-season, and was succeeded by Bryan Mudryk.[84][85]

English-language regional rights were previously held by Sportsnet East (with CJNT City Montreal as an overflow channel), under a 3-year deal that expired after the 2016–17 season; the games were called by Bartlett and Jason York. Prior to this deal, TSN held the rights from 2010 through 2014; the games were broadcast on a part-time channel with Dave Randorf on play-by-play.[86][74][87]

Season-by-season record

This is a list of the last five seasons completed by the Canadiens. For the full season-by-season history, see List of Montreal Canadiens seasons.

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, OTL = Overtime Losses, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against

Season GP W L OTL Pts GF GA Finish Playoffs
2019–20 71 31 31 9 71 212 221 5th, Atlantic Lost in first round, 2–4 (Flyers)
2020–21 56 24 21 11 59 159 168 4th, North Lost in Stanley Cup Finals, 1–4 (Lightning)
2021–22 82 22 49 11 55 221 319 8th, Atlantic Did not qualify
2022–23 82 31 45 6 68 232 307 8th, Atlantic Did not qualify
2023–24 82 30 36 16 76 236 289 8th, Atlantic Did not qualify

Players and personnel

Current roster

Updated April 17, 2024[88][89]

No. Nat Player Pos S/G Age Acquired Birthplace
17 Canada Josh Anderson RW R 30 2020 Burlington, Ontario
40 Finland Joel Armia RW R 31 2018 Pori, Finland
22 United States Cole Caufield RW R 23 2019 Mosinee, Wisconsin
77 Canada Kirby Dach Injured Reserve C R 23 2022 St. Albert, Alberta
28 United States Christian Dvorak C L 28 2021 Palos, Illinois
71 Canada Jake Evans C R 28 2014 Toronto, Ontario
11 Canada Brendan Gallagher (A) RW R 32 2010 Edmonton, Alberta
21 Canada Kaiden Guhle D L 22 2020 Edmonton, Alberta
54 United States Jordan Harris D L 23 2018 Haverhill, Massachusetts
49 Canada Rafael Harvey-Pinard LW L 25 2019 Saguenay, Quebec
48 United States Lane Hutson D L 20 2022 Holland, Michigan
26 Canada Johnathan Kovacevic D R 26 2022 Niagara Falls, Ontario
8 Canada Mike Matheson (A) D L 30 2022 Pointe-Claire, Quebec
35 Canada Sam Montembeault G L 27 2021 Bécancour, Quebec
15 Canada Alex Newhook C L 23 2023 St. John's, Newfoundland
70 Canada Tanner Pearson LW L 31 2023 Kitchener, Ontario
55 Canada Michael Pezzetta LW L 26 2016 Toronto, Ontario
31 Canada Carey Price Injured Reserve G L 36 2005 Anahim Lake, British Columbia
30 United States Cayden Primeau G L 24 2017 Farmington Hills, Michigan
58 Canada David Savard D R 33 2021 Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec
20 Slovakia Juraj Slafkovsky LW L 20 2022 Košice, Slovakia
14 Canada Nick Suzuki (C) C R 24 2018 London, Ontario
36 United States Colin White C R 27 2024 Boston, Massachusetts
72 Canada Arber Xhekaj D L 23 2021 Hamilton, Ontario
56 Finland Jesse Ylonen RW R 24 2018 Scottsdale, Arizona

Honoured members

Retired numbers

Some of the retired numbers at Bell Centre, photographed in 2010

The Canadiens have retired 15 numbers in honour of 18 players,[90] the most of any team in the NHL. All honourees were born in Canada and were members of at least two Stanley Cup winning Canadiens teams. Howie Morenz was the first honouree, on November 2, 1937.[91] The NHL retired Wayne Gretzky's No. 99 for all its member teams at the 2000 NHL All-Star Game.[92]

Montreal Canadiens retired numbers
No. Player Position Tenure Date of honour
1 Jacques Plante G 1952–1963 October 7, 1995
2 Doug Harvey D 1947–1961 October 26, 1985
3 Emile Bouchard D 1941–1956 December 4, 2009
4 Jean Beliveau C 1950–1971 October 9, 1971
5 Bernie Geoffrion RW 1950–1964 March 11, 2006
Guy Lapointe D 1968–1982 November 8, 2014
7 Howie Morenz C 1923–1937 November 2, 1937
9 Maurice Richard RW 1942–1960 October 6, 1960
10 Guy Lafleur RW 1971–1985 February 16, 1985
12 Dickie Moore LW 1951–1963 November 12, 2005
Yvan Cournoyer RW 1963–1979 November 12, 2005
16 Henri Richard C 1955–1975 December 10, 1975
Elmer Lach C 1940–1954 December 4, 2009
18 Serge Savard D 1966–1981 November 18, 2006
19 Larry Robinson D 1972–1989 November 19, 2007
23 Bob Gainey LW 1973–1989 February 23, 2008
29 Ken Dryden G 1970–1979 January 29, 2007
33 Patrick Roy G 1984–1995 November 22, 2008

Hall of Fame

The Montreal Canadiens have an affiliation with a number of inductees to the Hockey Hall of Fame. Thirty-seven of these players are from three separate notable dynasties: 12 from 1955–1960, 11 from 1964–1969, and 13 from 1975–1979. Howie Morenz and Georges Vezina were the first Canadiens given the honour in 1945, while Guy Carbonneau was the most recently inducted, in 2019. Along with players, a number of inductees from the builders category are affiliated with the club. The first inductee was vice president William Northey in 1945. The most recent inductee was Pat Burns in 2014.[93]

In addition to players and builders, five broadcasters for the Montreal Canadiens have been awarded the Foster Hewitt Memorial Award from the Hockey Hall of Fame. The first two recipients of the award were Danny Gallivan and Rene Lecavalier in 1984. The other three award recipients are Doug Smith (1985), Dick Irvin Jr. (1988), and Gilles Tremblay (2002).[94]



Team captains

Head coaches

Source: "MTL Records - Montréal Canadiens - History". records.nhl.com. Retrieved November 22, 2023.

First-round draft picks

Franchise individual records

Franchise scoring leaders

These are the top-ten-point-scorers in franchise history.[96] Figures are updated after each completed NHL regular season.

  •  *  – current Canadiens player

Note: Pos = Position; GP = Games Played; G = Goals; A = Assists; Pts = Points; P/G = Points per game

Sources: "Statistics | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Archived from the original on May 5, 2009. Retrieved June 27, 2009., "Hockey-Reference.com". June 17, 2010. Archived from the original on December 4, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2018.

Maurice Richard poses for a photographer while wearing his full Canadiens uniform.
Maurice 'The Rocket' Richard is the Canadiens' all-time leader in goals. The trophy awarded annually to the NHL's leading goal scorer is named in honour of Richard.[97]

Records – skaters


* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records – Individual records – Skaters | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2008.

Records – goaltenders


* Indicates a league record.

Source: "Season records – Individual records – goaltenders | Historical Website of the Montreal Canadiens". Montreal Canadiens. Archived from the original on April 13, 2013. Retrieved December 12, 2008.

See also


  1. ^ While the Montreal Canadiens have won 24 Stanley Cups, they have actually won 27 league championships, as the Stanley Cup predates the NHA/NHL and was an inter-league championship prior to 1926. The Canadiens won two titles with the National Hockey Association, winning a Stanley Cup in 1916 and losing in 1917. The Canadiens have won 25 league titles in the National Hockey League, winning 23 Stanley Cups. As NHL champion, Montreal failed to win the Stanley Cup in 1919, when the Spanish flu cancelled the Stanley Cup finals against the Seattle Metropolitans of Pacific Coast Hockey Association, and in 1925, when they lost in the Stanley Cup to the Western Canada Hockey League's Victoria Cougars.
  2. ^ Though the Canadiens won the Clarence S. Campbell Bowl and advanced into the Stanley Cup Finals in 2021, this does not count as a conference championship. Due to restrictions brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, the 2020–21 NHL season saw a realignment of teams into new divisions, without any conferences.
  3. ^ The Presidents' Trophy was not introduced until 1985. Had the trophy existed since league inception, the Canadiens franchise would have won 21 Presidents' Trophies.
  4. ^ Even in English, the French spelling Canadiens is always used instead of Canadians. The French spelling of Montréal is also sometimes used in English-speaking media.
  5. ^ Other nicknames for the team include Le Canadien, Le Bleu-Blanc-Rouge, La Sainte-Flanelle, Le Tricolore, Les Glorieux (or Nos Glorieux), Le CH, Le Grand Club, Les Plombiers, and Les Habitants (from which "Habs" is derived).
  6. ^ Earlier venues for the Canadiens include Jubilee Rink, Montreal Westmount Arena, and Mount Royal Arena


  1. ^ Pickens, Pat (June 13, 2021). "Niagara Falls lighting up red, white and blue for Canadiens". NHL.com. NHL Enterprises, L.P. Retrieved April 28, 2022.
  2. ^ NHL Public Relations (February 10, 2020). "NHL and Montreal Canadiens unveil 2020 NHL Draft logo". Canadiens.com (Press release). NHL Enterprises, L.P. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  3. ^ "Administration". Canadiens.com. NHL Enterprises, L.P. Retrieved February 12, 2020.
  4. ^ "The Canadiens announce affiliation with the new ECHL Trois-Rivières club". Montreal Canadiens Official Website. January 19, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
  5. ^ "Privacy Policy". Canadiens.com. NHL Enterprises, L.P. Retrieved April 23, 2022.
  6. ^ "Molson Centre renamed Bell Centre". CBC Sports. February 26, 2002. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  7. ^ "It's been 18 years since last Canadian Stanley Cup". The Globe and Mail. June 12, 2011. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
  8. ^ "Stanley Cup All-time Champions and Finalists". National Hockey League. 2014. Archived from the original on July 19, 2014. Retrieved June 24, 2014.
  9. ^ Jenish 2008, pp. 9–13
  10. ^ Stubbs, Dave (September 4, 2008). "Canadiens toy with game at Olympic Stadium". The Gazette. Montreal. pp. C2. Archived from the original on September 6, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  11. ^ Jenish 2008, pp. 10–11
  12. ^ "The Strange History of 'O Canada'". The Walrus. June 27, 2017. Retrieved August 16, 2020.
  13. ^ "Canadian Dictionary of Biography online". Government of Canada Library and Archives. 2007. Archived from the original on January 13, 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
  14. ^ "Stanley Cup no. 1". Montreal Canadiens Hockey Club. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
  15. ^ McGourty, John (November 26, 2007). "NHL celebrates 90th anniversary today". National Hockey League. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  16. ^ Sandor, Steven (2005). The Battle of Alberta: A Century of Hockey's Greatest Rivalry. Heritage House. p. 30. ISBN 1-894974-01-8. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014.
  17. ^ The Forum opens its doors, Montreal Canadiens Hockey Club, archived from the original on May 3, 2009, retrieved May 19, 2009
  18. ^ Jenish 2008, pp. 80–85
  19. ^ Holzman, Morey; Nieforth, Joseph (2002), Deceptions and Doublecross: How the NHL Conquered Hockey, Dundurn Press, p. 330, ISBN 1-55002-413-2, archived from the original on November 29, 2014
  20. ^ "Legends of Hockey – Spotlight – Montreal Canadiens – 1955–60". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 29, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2014.
  21. ^ "Via Rail Stanley Cup Dynasties". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on June 30, 2017. Retrieved November 22, 2014.
  22. ^ a b "NHL records for most points and fewest losses still held by 1976–77 Habs". National Hockey League. The Canadian Press. January 12, 2009. Archived from the original on January 5, 2014. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  23. ^ Fachet, Robert (April 4, 1977). "Canadiens Bang Upon Capitals, 11-0". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved June 17, 2023.
  24. ^ Campbell, Ken (January 3, 2014). "Greatest Teams of All-Time: 1976-77 Montreal Canadiens". The Hockey News. Retrieved June 17, 2023.
  25. ^ Wyshynski, Greg (April 12, 2023). "Bruins top Caps, set NHL record with 133 points". ESPN.com. Retrieved April 12, 2023.
  26. ^ Stubbs, Dave. "1976-77 Canadiens voted No. 3 Greatest NHL Team". NHL.com. Retrieved June 17, 2023.
  27. ^ "Blackhawks' streak ends at 24 with loss to Avalanche". National Hockey League. March 8, 2013. Archived from the original on October 2, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  28. ^ "The Bowman Effect". National Hockey League. March 8, 2013. Archived from the original on January 28, 2013. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  29. ^ Kreiser, John, Seven teams that surprised by winning the Stanley Cup, National Hockey League, archived from the original on May 27, 2010, retrieved July 30, 2009
  30. ^ Diamos, Jason (April 27, 2006). "Canadiens Trying to Regain Past Glory". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  31. ^ "Last game at the Montreal Forum". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on November 19, 2014. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  32. ^ Kay 2009, p. 126
  33. ^ Meagher, John (December 6, 2005), "'I've never been back there'", The Gazette, Montreal, archived from the original on August 21, 2009, retrieved July 30, 2009
  34. ^ Davenport, Jane; Gyulai, Linda (February 1, 2001), "'I'll restore Habs': New owner looks ahead to that 25th Stanley Cup", The Gazette, Montreal, pp. A.1
  35. ^ Vardi, Nathan (February 12, 2010). "Oh Canadiens: Inside The Richest Deal In NHL History". Forbes. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 15, 2015.
  36. ^ Curtis, Christopher (November 25, 2014). "George Gillett Jr. helped turn Canadiens into a billion-dollar team". The Gazette. Montreal. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  37. ^ "Habs to honor their 100th season" (Press release). Montreal Canadiens. August 26, 2008. Archived from the original on December 8, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2008.
  38. ^ "Montreal to host '09 All-Star Game". ESPN. January 23, 2007. Archived from the original on October 21, 2008. Retrieved February 14, 2007.
  39. ^ "Canadiens to host 2009 NHL Entry Draft" (Press release). National Hockey League. July 15, 2008. Archived from the original on November 1, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  40. ^ "First ice-hockey team to win 3,000 regular-season games". Guinness World Records. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
  41. ^ "Canadian NHL teams getting ready for season-long sprint". CBC.ca. January 3, 2021. Retrieved February 24, 2021.
  42. ^ "Tyler Toffoli scores in overtime as Montreal Canadiens complete sweep of Winnipeg Jets". USA Today. Associated Press. June 7, 2021. Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  43. ^ "Canadiens Game Day: Habs can earn spot in Stanley Cup final with a win". Montreal Gazette. June 24, 2021. Retrieved June 24, 2021.
  44. ^ "Lightning defeat Canadiens in Game 5 to clinch Stanley Cup". Rogers Digital Media. July 7, 2021. Retrieved July 7, 2021.
  45. ^ D'Amours, Tristan (April 30, 2022). "Carey Price's health, youth development big off-season storylines for Canadiens". CBC.ca. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
  46. ^ Basu, Arpon (April 30, 2022). "One of the worst Canadiens seasons in franchise history ended with a standing ovation and they should learn from it". The Athletic. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
  47. ^ Potvin, Blain (April 30, 2022). "Montreal Canadiens 2021-22 Season: Learning Lessons in Failure". The Hockey Writers. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
  48. ^ a b Minimum 70-game schedule
  49. ^ Cowan, Stu (March 31, 2023). "Geoff Molson has his 'rebuild' of the Canadiens on track". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  50. ^ Zurkowsky, Herb (April 13, 2023). "With season-ending loss to Bruins, Canadiens cement 41.8% odds of a top-5 draft pick". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved May 13, 2023.
  51. ^ Coffey, Phil (February 8, 2008). "NHL.com – Ice Age: Playing the point on many issues – 02/08/2008". National Hockey League. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved December 12, 2008.
  52. ^ "Jerseys and Logos – 1909 – 1946". Archived from the original on March 24, 2017.
  53. ^ "Why are the Montreal Canadiens called the Habs?". About.com. 2008. Archived from the original on May 12, 2008. Retrieved April 30, 2008.
  54. ^ Foisy, Paul (November 30, 2007). "Le Canadien de Montréal, les origines du terme HABITANT". Sport et Société Québec. Archived from the original on May 3, 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2019.
  55. ^ "VICTOIRE ECRASANTE DU CANADIEN SUR TORONTO". Le Devoir (in French). Montreal. February 9, 1914. p. 4. Retrieved June 18, 2019 – via BAnQ numérique.
  56. ^ a b "Our History – Logos and Jerseys". Canadiens.com. 2008. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
  57. ^ "Montreal Canadiens unveil new 2015-16 jersey". Montreal Canadiens. June 27, 2015. Retrieved December 20, 2021.
  58. ^ "Habs unveil Centennial initiatives". Canadiens.com. September 24, 2008. Archived from the original on November 1, 2014. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  59. ^ "Reverse Retro alternate jerseys for all 31 teams unveiled by NHL, adidas". National Hockey League. December 1, 2020. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  60. ^ "NHL Reverse Retro jerseys for all 32 teams unveiled by adidas". NHL.com. October 20, 2022. Retrieved October 20, 2022.
  61. ^ Tarasoff, Tamara (December 10, 2004). "Roch Carrier and The Hockey Sweater". Canadian Museum of History. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  62. ^ National Film Board of Canada Production (2008). "The Sweater". NFB – Collection. National Film Board of Canada Production. Archived from the original on February 18, 2014. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  63. ^ "The Spirit of Hockey". CBC Archives. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008. Archived from the original on August 8, 2012. Retrieved September 20, 2008.
  64. ^ "The Virtual Hot Stove". Hockey: A People's History. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. 2008. Archived from the original on June 6, 2008. Retrieved September 4, 2008.
  65. ^ "Inside the dressing room". Canadiens.com. August 30, 2006. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2014.
  66. ^ Rudin, David. "Today is the anniversary of Youppi getting ejected from an Expos game". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved June 4, 2021.
  67. ^ "Youppi! First Canadian mascot inducted into Mascot Hall of Fame - Sportsnet.ca".
  68. ^ "Expos are gone, Youppi! moves to the Habs". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. September 18, 2005. Archived from the original on December 14, 2014. Retrieved June 13, 2008.
  69. ^ "METAL! debuts at Canadiens game". www.nhl.com. NHL Enterprises. November 12, 2022. Retrieved February 24, 2023.
  70. ^ Stubbs, Dave (November 9, 2008). "A rivalry like none other". The Gazette. Montreal. Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  71. ^ "Toronto Maple Leafs – Canadiens rivalry: notable moments". Montreal Canadiens official website. Archived from the original on March 13, 2015. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  72. ^ "Boston Bruins—Canadiens rivalry". Canadiens.com. National Hockey League. Archived from the original on July 8, 2011. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
  73. ^ Whitmer, Michael (April 17, 2009). "It's just like old times for the fans". Boston Globe. p. C6.
  74. ^ a b Faguy, Steve (August 18, 2014). "NHL broadcast schedule 2014–15: Who owns rights to what games". Fagstein. Archived from the original on August 22, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
  75. ^ a b c "TSN becomes official English-language regional broadcaster for Habs". The Sports Network. June 13, 2017. Archived from the original on June 13, 2017. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  76. ^ "Bell Media's THE TEAM 990 Becomes Official Radio Broadcaster of the Montreal Canadiens in New Seven-Year Deal". Bell Media (press release). Archived from the original on April 8, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  77. ^ a b "RDS, Canadiens announce 12-year regional rights deal". RDS.ca. December 20, 2013. Archived from the original on May 29, 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
  78. ^ Magder, Jason. "New TVA Sports channel takes a shot at RDS". The Gazette. Montreal. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  79. ^ a b Cousineau, Sophie (November 28, 2013). "TVA to pay Rogers $120-million a year to be NHL's French-language broadcaster". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. Archived from the original on December 1, 2013. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
  80. ^ "TVA SPORTS DÉVOILE SON CALENDRIER". TVASports.ca. Groupe TVA. August 5, 2014. Retrieved September 20, 2014.
  81. ^ "NHL, TVA Sports launch French-language agreement". National Hockey League. September 22, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2014.
  82. ^ "TSN's regional NHL coverage features 191 games". The Sports Network. September 15, 2017. Retrieved September 15, 2017.
  83. ^ "Canadiens, Sportsnet ink new regional deal". Sportsnet.ca. Archived from the original on September 5, 2014. Retrieved September 2, 2014.
  84. ^ "Canadiens on TV 2018-19: Bryan Mudryk is new voice on TSN broadcasts". The Gazette. Montreal. October 2, 2018. Retrieved October 4, 2018.
  85. ^ "John Bartlett exits TSN Habs coverage, will handle Leafs for Sportsnet". The Gazette. Montreal. August 17, 2018. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
  86. ^ "Sportsnet Announces Montreal Canadiens Regional Broadcast Team". Sportsnet.ca. Archived from the original on October 4, 2014. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
  87. ^ "TSN Acquires Regional Rights to 24 Montreal Canadiens Games". CTVglobemedia (press release). October 21, 2010. Archived from the original on September 12, 2014.
  88. ^ "Montreal Canadiens Roster". National Hockey League. Retrieved April 17, 2024.
  89. ^ "Montreal Canadiens Hockey Transactions". The Sports Network. Retrieved April 17, 2024.
  90. ^ Club de hockey Canadien (2008). "Montreal Canadiens – Retired Jerseys". National Hockey League. Archived from the original on October 15, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  91. ^ "Canadiens celebrate 100th anniversary". ESPN. December 4, 2009. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
  92. ^ "Perfect setting: Gretzky's number retired before All-Star Game". CNN Sports Illustrated. Associated Press. February 6, 2000. Archived from the original on November 12, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  93. ^ "Legends of Hockey – Builders". Hockey Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on November 16, 2014. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
  94. ^ "Foster Hewitt Memorial Award Winners". Hockey Hall of Fame and Museum. 2018. Archived from the original on June 12, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
  95. ^ "Canadiens fire Carbonneau, Gainey takes over as coach". ESPN. March 9, 2009. Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved February 16, 2011.
  96. ^ "Regular Season – All Skaters – Career for Franchise – Career Points – NHL.com – Stats". National Hockey League. Retrieved April 20, 2024.
  97. ^ Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy, Hockey Hall of Fame, archived from the original on June 28, 2017, retrieved April 2, 2014


External links