Battle of the Strait of Messina

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Coordinates: 38°14′45″N 15°37′57″E / 38.24583°N 15.63250°E / 38.24583; 15.63250

Battle of the strait of Messina
Part of the Pyrrhic War
Date276 BC
Location
Result Carthaginian victory
Belligerents
Carthage standard.svg Carthage Kingdom of Epirus
Commanders and leaders
Unknown Pyrrhus of Epirus
Strength
Unknown 110 warships
Casualties and losses
Unknown 70 warships sunk
28 warships damaged

The Battle of the Strait of Messina was fought on 276 BC when a Carthaginian fleet attacked the Sicilian fleet of Pyrrhus of Epirus, who was crossing the strait to Italy. Pyrrhus had left Italy for Sicily on the Autumn of 278 BC and scored several major victories against the Carthaginian armies, but Roman successes against Pyrrhus' Italian allies convinced him to return to Italy.[1][2]

While Pyrrhus was transporting his troops to Rhegium his fleet of 110 decked warships and hundreds of transports was attacked by the Carthaginians. The Carthaginian navy sunk 70 of the Greek ships and damaged 28. Pyrrhus' surviving ships, amounting to 12 warships plus the transport ships, docked at Locri where he had left his son Alexander when he opened his Sicilian campaign.[3]

Sources[edit]

  • Venning, Timothy; Drinkwater, John (2011). Chronology of the Roman Empire. Continuum International Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4411-5478-1.
  • Cowan, Ross (2007). For the glory of Rome:a history of warriors and warfare. MBI Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-85367-733-5.
  • Mommsen's History of Rome. Wildside Press LLC. 2008. ISBN 978-1-4344-6232-9.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mommsen 2008, p. 107
  2. ^ Venning & Drinkwater 2011, p. 80
  3. ^ Cowan 2007, p. 67