Bauhinia petersiana

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Bauhinia petersiana
Scientific classification
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B. petersiana
Binomial name
Bauhinia petersiana
Peters, 1861
Synonyms

Bauhinia macrantha Oliv. 1871

Bauhinia petersiana (also known as Kalahari White Bauhinia)[1] is a species of shrubs from family Fabaceae found in Botswana, Democratic Republic of Congo,[2] Lesotho,[3] Mozambique,[4] Angola, Namibia, Tanzania, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. The species is 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) in height.[5]

Ecology[edit]

In East Africa, the plant grows at altitudes of 150–1,850 metres (490–6,070 ft), while in South Africa it can be found in dry places, such as the Kalahari desert at the altitudes around 350 metres (1,150 ft). The plant can widstand frost.[2]

Various uses of the plant[edit]

Plant as food[edit]

The seeds of this plant are considered a delicacy in Botswana, where they are used as nuts. Ground and roasted seeds are often used for coffee. The unripe seeds are not harmful to humans and can be eaten. Botswanans also use the plants seeds for oil.[2]

Craftsmanship[edit]

In Congo the bark is used for rope making, while the roots are used to make dye. The plant is harvested by livestock. Its growing as a decorative plant in countries like South Africa, Zimbabwe,[2] and even in the United States.[6]

Medicine[edit]

In Zimbabwe the Shona tribe uses the plants roots for medical reasons, such as for treating dysmenorrhoea and female infertility. In South Africa the plants pounded leaves when mixed with salt are used to cure wounds. Also, in majority of countries the macerated roots of the plant are used for treating diarrhoea. Despite its widespread usage, the plant was never domesticated, and therefore was poorly documented.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bauhinia petersiana, Kalahari White Bauhinia, Koffiebeesklou -". TopTropicals.com - rare plants for home and garden. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  2. ^ a b c d e Botswanan and Congolese distribution, ecology and various uses of the plant
  3. ^ Lesotho distribution[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ "Bauhinia petersiana". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2018-01-25.
  5. ^ "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Bauhinia macrantha". www.zimbabweflora.co.zw. Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  6. ^ United States sale Archived March 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]