Baykar Bayraktar Akıncı

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Bayraktar Akıncı
Bayraktar Akıncı art.jpg
Role Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle
National origin Turkey
Manufacturer Baykar
Designer Baykar
First flight 6 December 2019
Introduction 29 August 2021
Status In service
Primary user Turkish Armed Forces
Number built 15[1][2] (12 serially produced and 3 prototypes)

Bayraktar Akıncı (Turkish pronunciation: [bajraktar akɯnd͡ʒɯ], Raider lit. "Akinji") is a High-Altitude Long-Endurance (HALE) Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) being manufactured by the Turkish technology company Baykar. The first three units entered service with the Turkish Armed Forces on 29 August 2021.[1][3][4]

The aircraft has a 5.5+ tons of Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW) while 1350+ kg of this is composed by payload. Akıncı is equipped with two turboprop engines which has two different types of thrust capabilities as 450 or 750 hp. Akinci is equipped with electronic support and countermeasure systems, dual satellite communication systems, air-to-air radar, collision avoidance radar and national advanced synthetic aperture radar.[5]

Development[edit]

With the preliminary design phase completed in June 2019, Akıncı started engine ground run in August 2019 with a Ukrainian turboprop engine Ivchenko-Progress AI-450C.[6] First engine test was accomplished on September 1, 2019. Following the completion of other technical tests, the aircraft was moved to the Turkish Army's Çorlu Airfield Command. The UCAV made its maiden flight with automatic taxiing, take-off, 16-minute flight and successful landing on December 6, 2019.[7]

Akıncı has 881 lb (400 kg) internal and 2,094 lb (950 kg) external payload capacity, combining the overall combat load to max. 2,976 lb (1,350 kg). Powered by two 450 hp (340 kW) or 750 hp (560 kW) turboprop engines, large 66 ft (20 m) wingspan ensures 5.5 tons of maximum takeoff weight. Akıncı will be the first UAV capable of launching an ALCM.[7][8] [9][10]

First pictures of the UAV hit media reports in June 2018 and it was unveiled to the public during the Teknofest Aviation, Space and Technology Festival in September 2019.[11][12]

On 22 April 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı UCAV has successfully conducted its first firing tests. During the test Akıncı was equipped with three different variants of the indigenously developed smart ammunitions, MAM-L, MAM-C and MAM-T. The test has also been the first public appearance of the Roketsan's newest smart ammunition MAM-T.[13][14] From July 6 to 7, the aircraft completed a test flight of 25 hours and 45 minutes, flying 7507 km and reaching an altitude of 38,039 feet or 11,594 meters.[15] On August 29, 2021, Akinci was added to the inventory of Turkish armed forces.[3]

Operations[edit]

Akıncı has been used first in Pençe-Kilit Operations which held by Turkish military to dissolve PKK positions such as shelters and caves in Northern Iraq.[16]

Avionics and radar[edit]

The Akinci drone is equipped with an indigenously manufactured active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar, a SAR/GMTI radar, a surveillance system, electronic warfare, and signal intelligence suite (SIGINT), and SATCOM allowing Akinci to become an UCAV as well as ISTAR+C3 asset for Turkish military.[17][18]

Timeline[edit]

  • On 6 December 2019, Bayraktar Akıncı conducted its maiden flight.[19]
  • On 10 January 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 1 conducted its second flight and passed over 6000 ft.[20]
  • On 13 August 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its maiden flights.[21]
  • On 19 August 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its medium altitude system integration flight tests.[22][23]
  • On 22 August 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 1 passed over 30.000 ft during a flight test.[24][25]
  • On 5 September 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its high altitude and high speed flight tests.[26]
  • On 8–9 September 2020, Critical Design Review was conducted for Bayraktar Akıncı UCAV platform.[27][28]
  • On 11 September 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its medium altitude system integration flight tests.[29]
  • On 3 October 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted the asymmetric thrust tests.[30]
  • On 13 March 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its advanced system integration flight tests.[31]
  • On 27 March 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 3 conducted its maiden flight.[32]
  • On 10 April 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 3 conducted its medium altitude system integration flight tests.[33][34]
  • On 13 April 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 3 conducted its high altitude and high speed flight tests.[35]
  • On 22 April 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı conducted its first firing tests.[36][37]
  • On 19 May 2021, the first serial produced Bayraktar Akıncı conducted its maiden flight[38]
  • On 7 July 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı set the new national flight altitude record of Turkey by cruising at 38,039 feet (11,594 m) for 25 hours and 46 minutes at a distance of 7,507 km [39]
  • On 10 July 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı conducted a 13 hours and 24 minute long flight with 1360 kg payload. During the flight Akıncı was equipped with the NEB bunker buster bomb developed by TUBITAK SAGE. Marking the heaviest bomb ever carried by an UCAV[40]
  • On 29 August 2021, the first three units were delivered to the Turkish Armed Forces[4]
  • On 24 December 2021, two units were delivered to the Turkish Armed Forces[41]
  • On 23 January 2022, first export agreement of Bayraktar Akıncı was announced
  • On 13 February 2022, Bayraktar Akıncı conducted its first combat mission[42]
  • On 2 March 2022, second export agreement of Bayraktar Akıncı was announced
  • On 2 March 2022, the Baykar announced that the Bayraktar AKINCI-B version with twin 750 hp (560 kW) engines completed its maiden flight [43]
  • On 21 May 2022, the Bayraktar AKINCI crossed 3 countries (Turkey, Georgia, Azerbaijan), flying approximately 2000 km.[44]
  • On 14 June 2022, the Bayraktar AKINCI UCAV (Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle) has successfully completed its first firing test from 30 kilometers away with the KGK-SIHA-82 (Winged Guidance Kit) ammunition.[45]
  • On 21 June 2022, the Bayraktar AKINCI B Variant took off to carry out endurance, high altitude and high speed tests ,The B Variant rose to an altitude of 45,118 feet (13,716 meters) within the scope of the test, returned to Bayraktar AKINCI Flight, Training and Test Center at Çorlu Airport Command after 20 hours and 23 minutes of flight.[46]
  • On 1 July 2022 , the Bayraktar AKINCI carried out a test firing with the LGK-82 (Laser Guidance Kit), developed by ASELSAN, Flying with an altitude of 30 thousand feet, the target was laser-marked by Bayraktar TB2 SİHA , The LGK-82 was Launched from UAV for the first time.[47]
  • On 3 August 2022, three units were delivered to the Turkish Air Force[48]
  • On 24 August 2022, three additional units were delivered to the Turkish Armed Forces, bringing the number of drones operated by Turkey to 12[2]

Operators[edit]

Current operators[edit]

 Turkey

Future operators[edit]

 Azerbaijan

 Pakistan

Specifications[edit]

Data from Baykar Makina[unreliable source?]

General characteristics

  • Capacity: 2,976 lb (1,350 kg)
  • Length: 12.2 m (40 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 20 m (65 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in)
  • Max takeoff weight: 5,500 kg (12,125 lb)
  • Fuel capacity: unspecified Jet-A1 or JP-8 fuel capacity
  • Powerplant: 2 × Ivchenko-Progress Motor Sich AI-450T turboprop engines, 560 kW (750 hp) each
  • Propellers: 5-bladed composite constant-speed propeller

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 361 km/h (224 mph, 195 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 240 km/h (150 mph, 130 kn)
  • Range: 7,500 km (4,700 mi, 4,000 nmi) Traveled 7507 Kilometers in latest test.
  • Endurance: 25 hours
  • Service ceiling: 13,716 m (45,000 ft)
  • Operational altitude: 9,100 m (30,000 ft)

Armament

Avionics

  • National AESA Radar
  • Aselsan Common Aperture Targeting System
  • Electronic Warfare Pod
  • National SIGINT module

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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