Bayraktar Akıncı

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Bayraktar Akıncı
Bayraktar Akıncı UCAV.jpg
Role Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle
National origin Turkey
Manufacturer Baykar
Designer Baykar
First flight 6 December 2019
Introduction 2021[1]
Status Started mass production [2]
Primary user Turkish Armed Forces
Number built 4+

Bayraktar Akıncı (Turkish pronunciation: [Bayraktar Akıncı]) is a High-Altitude Long-Endurance (HALE) Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) being manufactured by the Turkish technology company Baykar. Currently the project is in the mass production phase.[3]

The aircraft has a 5.5 tons of Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW) while 1350 kg of this is composed by payload. Akıncı is equipped with two turboprop engines which has 2 different types of thrust capabilities as 450 or 750 horsepower(hp). The final edition of the aircraft is expected to be equipped with electronic support systems, dual satellite communication systems, air-to-air radar, collision avoidance radar and synthetic aperture radar.[4]

First pictures of the UAV hit media reports in June 2018 and it was unveiled to public during Teknofest Aviation, Space and Technology Festival in September 2019.[5][6] Currently the aircraft continues to complete its test program. According to the Turkish Presidency of Defense Industries, the first fully operational Akıncı will be delivered to the Turkish Air Force in 2021.[7]

Development[edit]

With the preliminary design phase completed in June 2019, Akıncı started engine ground run in August 2019 with a Ukrainian turboprop engine Ivchenko-Progress AI-450C.[8] First engine test was accomplished on September 1, 2019. Following the completion of other technical tests, the aircraft was moved to the Turkish Army's Çorlu Airfield Command. The UCAV made its maiden flight with automatic taxiing, take-off, 16-minute flight and successful landing on December 6, 2019.[9]

Akıncı has 881 lb (400 kg) internal and 2,094 lb (950 kg) external payload capacity, combining the overall combat load to max. 2,976 lb (1,350 kg). Powered by two 450 hp (340 kW) or 750 hp (560 kW) turboprop engines, large 66 ft (20 m) wingspan ensures 5.5 tons of maximum takeoff weight. Akıncı will be the first UAV capable of launching an ALCM.[9][10] [11][12]

On 22 April 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı UCAV has successfully conducted its first firing tests. During the test Akıncı was equipped with three different variants of the indigenously developed smart ammunitions, MAM-L, MAM-C and MAM-T. The test has also been the first public appearance of the Roketsan's newest smart ammunition MAM-T.[13][14]

Timeline[edit]

  • On 6 December 2019, Bayraktar Akıncı conducted its maiden flight.[15]
  • On 10 January 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 1 conducted its second flight and passed over 5000 ft.[16]
  • On 13 August 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its maiden flights.[17]
  • On 19 August 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its medium altitude system integration flight tests.[18][19]
  • On 22 August 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 1 passed over 30.000 ft during a flight test.[20][21]
  • On 5 September 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its high altitude and high speed flight tests.[22]
  • On 8–9 September 2020, Critical Design Review was conducted for Bayraktar Akıncı UCAV platform.[23][24]
  • On 11 September 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its medium altitude system integration flight tests.[25]
  • On 3 October 2020, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted the asymmetric thrust tests.[26]
  • On 13 March 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 2 conducted its advanced system integration flight tests.[27]
  • On 27 March 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 3 conducted its maiden flight.[28]
  • On 10 April 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 3 conducted its medium altitude system integration flight tests.[29][30]
  • On 13 April 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı prototype 3 conducted its high altitude and high speed flight tests.[31]
  • On 22 April 2021, Bayraktar Akıncı conducted its first firing tests.[32][33]
  • On 19 May 2021, the first serial produced Bayraktar Akıncı conducted its maiden flight[34]

Specifications[edit]

Data from Baykar Makina[10]

General characteristics

  • Capacity: 2,976 lb (1,350 kg)
    • Internal: 881 lb (400 kg)
    • External: 2,094 lb (950 kg)
  • Length: 12.5 m (41 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 20 m (65 ft 7 in)
  • Height: 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in)
  • Max takeoff weight: 5,500 kg (12,125 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Ivchenko-Progress Motor Sich AI-450T turboprop engines, 560 kW (750 hp) each
  • Propellers: 5-bladed composite constant-speed propeller

Performance

  • Cruise speed: 361 km/h (224 mph, 195 kn)
  • Range: 5,000 km (3,100 mi, 2,700 nmi)
  • Endurance: 24 hours
  • Service ceiling: 12,192 m (40,000 ft)

Armament

Avionics

  • National AESA Radar
  • Aselsan Common Aperture Targeting System
  • Electronic Warfare Pod
  • National SIGINT module

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.hurriyet.com.tr/ekonomi/selcuk-bayraktar-akinci-tiha-2021de-goreve-baslayacak-41603743#:~:text=Savunma%20Sanayii%20Ba%C5%9Fkanl%C4%B1%C4%9F%C4%B1%20liderli%C4%9Finde%20Baykar,%C4%B0kinci%20prototipi%20bitti.
  2. ^ "Akıncı TİHA müjdesi: Seri üretime başladı". aydinlik. 5 September 2020.
  3. ^ SABAH, DAILY (2021-02-04). "Turkey's Baykar to mass produce Akıncı UCAV soon". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  4. ^ "BAYKAR Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Systems". baykardefence.com. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  5. ^ "Turkey Develops New Heavy Armed UAS". uasvision.com. 6 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Bayraktar Akıncı Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV), Turkey". www.airforce-technology.com. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  7. ^ "Turkish defense industry set on fulfilling orders in 2021 - Latest News". Hürriyet Daily News. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  8. ^ "Akıncı Taktik İnsansız Hava Aracı için Ukrayna imalatı motor test ediliyor". kokpit.aero. 8 August 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Akıncı TİHA, ilk uçuş testini gerçekleştirdi". Anadolu News Agency (in Turkish). 6 December 2019. Retrieved 7 December 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Akinci Attack UAV System". Defence Turkey. 10 July 2018. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  11. ^ "Turkey details Akinci armed UAV programme". Jane's International Defence Review. 26 February 2019.
  12. ^ a b "Baykar Defence - Akıncı Official Webpage". Archived from the original on 2021-02-27. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Akıncı silahlandı! Bayraktar AKINCI TİHA 12'den vurdu". www.hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-22.
  14. ^ Sabah, Daily (2021-04-22). "Turkey's Akıncı UCAV successfully hits targets with Roketsan munitions". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-04-22.
  15. ^ Lake, Jon. "Turkey's New Raider Takes to the Air". Aviation International News. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  16. ^ "2. kez havalandı... 2020'nin ilk uçuşu!". www.hurriyet.com.tr (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  17. ^ "Turkish Akinci Combat Drone's 2nd Prototype Completes Maiden Flight". www.defenseworld.net. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  18. ^ Agency, Anadolu (2020-08-20). "Turkey's Akıncı UCAV passes 20,000-feet altitude test". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  19. ^ "Turkish combat drone passes 20,000-feet altitude test". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  20. ^ "Bayraktar Akıncı TİHA 30 bin feet'i geçti". Haberler.com (in Turkish). 2020-08-22. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  21. ^ "AKINCI, 5'inci Uçuşunu Gerçekleştirdi: 30.000 Feet İrtifaya Ulaştı". savunmahaber.com (in Turkish). 2020-08-22. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  22. ^ "T3 Vakfı Mütevelli Heyeti Başkanı Selçuk Bayraktar: Bayraktar AKINCI TİHA'nın iki prototipini ürettik, üçüncüsü yolda". www.aa.com.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  23. ^ "Turkish-made Bayraktar AKINCI receives critical design approval". Defense Here Savunma Sanayi Haberleri. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  24. ^ Ekşi, Özgür (2020-09-10). "Critical Meeting from AKINCI TİHA". C4 Defence. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  25. ^ "AKINCI PT-2 Orta İrtifa Sistem Tanımlama Testini başarıyla geçti". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  26. ^ "Akıncı TİHA büyük güne bir adım daha yaklaştı!". Milliyet (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  27. ^ "Akinci PT-2: A new addition to Turkey's drone inventory". Akinci PT-2: A new addition to Turkey's drone inventory. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  28. ^ SABAH, DAILY (2021-03-28). "Turkey's Akıncı combat drone's 3rd prototype completes maiden flight". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  29. ^ "Turkey's Akinci Third Prototype Clears Medium Altitude System Identification Test". www.defenseworld.net. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  30. ^ SABAH, DAILY (2021-04-11). "Turkey's cutting-edge Akıncı drone passes another test". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  31. ^ "AKINCI'da testlere devam ediliyor". Haber Aero | Havacılık, Turizm ve Savunma haberleri (in Turkish). 2021-04-14. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  32. ^ "Turkish Akinci Drone's First Firing of Roketsan Smart Munitions". www.defenseworld.net. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  33. ^ Sabah, Daily (2021-04-22). "Turkey's Akıncı UCAV hits targets with latest Roketsan munitions". Daily Sabah. Retrieved 2021-04-27.
  34. ^ Bayraktar, Selçuk [@Selcuk] (19 May 2021). "#19MAYIS ruhuyla... Seri üretimin ilk uçağı olan Bayraktar #AKINCI S-1 bugün ilk uçuş testini başarıyla tamamladı. #MilliTeknolojiHamlesi ✈️🐳🚀🌍🇹🇷 t.co/tVWqkJSpTu" (Tweet) (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 22 May 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021 – via Twitter.
  35. ^ Oguz, Turan [@TyrannosurusRex] (2 February 2021). "🇹🇷 @Baykar_Savunma urun portfoyu ve ilk defa resmi olarak beyan edilen bazi bilgiler: •DIHA; azami menzili 550 km •TB2; LOS iletisim menzili 300 km, uydu baglantisi ile azami menzil 1.800 km. •AKINCI; uydu baglantisi ile azami menzil 5.000 km. t.co/VidPtSQyff" (Tweet) (in Turkish). Archived from the original on 2 February 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021 – via Twitter.
  36. ^ "Kuzgun Modular Joint Ammunition Developed by TÜBİTAK SAGE Displayed". RayHaber | RaillyNews. 2020-09-25. Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  37. ^ savunmatr. "KUZGUN'un turbojetli versiyonu 250 kilometreyi vuracak". www.savunmatr.com/ (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  38. ^ "TÜBİTAK SAGE Kuzgun Mühimmatı". Millisavunma.com (in Turkish). 2021-03-21. Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  39. ^ "KUZGUN Mühimmatlarının menzilleri açıklandı" (in Turkish). 2021-05-07. Retrieved 2021-05-27.
  40. ^ "TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY PRODUCT CATALOGUE". www.ssb.gov.tr. Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  41. ^ "TÜBİTAK SAGE | Products & Related News". Pakistan Defence. Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  42. ^ Mehmet, Fatih (2020-01-23). "Asisguard ve Tübitak Sage TOGAN'ı SONGAR'a entegre etti". DefenceTurk (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-14.
  43. ^ miguyan2000🚀 [@miguyan2000] (28 February 2019). "TÜBİTAK SAGE Togan t.co/8rynjPtONO" (Tweet). Archived from the original on 14 April 2021. Retrieved 29 May 2021 – via Twitter.
  44. ^ Bekdil, Burak Ege (8 August 2017). "Turkey To Outfit Drones with Local Mini Rocket". Defense News.