Benlloch is located in the center of the Pla de l'Arc, itself in the center of Castellón. The town is an example of modern architecture and rural urbanism. The town is divided into a modern and historical section. It is divided into quadrants, some containing basic services with others containing plazas, houses and a fortified church. Benlloch shares a border with Alcalà de Xivert, Cabanes, Sierra Engarcerán, Torreblanca, Vall d'Alba, and Villanueva de Alcolea.
The economy of Benlloch is focused around agricultural production and cattle. Due to mostly dry land in Benlloch, production of fruits and vegetables is made possible due to irrigation techniques. Pig production and poultry are also important industries. The craft industry is centered around turrónes, carpentry, construction and locksmithing.