Bennington, New Hampshire
|Bennington, New Hampshire|
Great Falls, Contoocook River c. 1905
Location in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire
|• Board of Selectmen||Steven Osienski, Chair
|• Total||11.3 sq mi (29.3 km2)|
|• Land||11.1 sq mi (28.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.7 km2) 2.30%|
|Elevation||659 ft (201 m)|
|• Density||130/sq mi (50/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873543|
The main village of the town, where 381 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Bennington census-designated place (CDP), and is located on the Contoocook River at the intersection of New Hampshire routes 31 and 47.
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Situated in an area once called Society Land, the town was formed from parts of Deering, Francestown, Greenfield and Hancock. It was named to commemorate the 1777 Battle of Bennington, an American Revolutionary War battle fought in New York near Bennington, Vermont. Bennington, Vermont in turn derived its name from New Hampshire governor Benning Wentworth. The town was incorporated in 1842. The first census, taken in 1850, recorded 541 residents.
Located at the Great Falls of the Contoocook River, which drop 70 feet (21 m) over 1.2 miles (1.9 km), Bennington provided water power for mills. The first gristmill was built in 1782, with a cotton mill in 1810. A tannery and tool manufacturing industry would follow. A factory with paper-making machinery was established in 1835, located at or near the site of the present-day Monadnock Paper Mill. In 1858, the town's industries included a cutlery manufacturer, a gristmill, 2 paper mills and a sawmill. Bennington also had quite a number of farms.
In 1874, plans were underway to build the Peterborough and Hillsborough railroad through Bennington.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.3 square miles (29 km2), of which 11.1 sq mi (29 km2) is land and 0.3 sq mi (0.78 km2) is water, comprising 2.30% of the town. Bennington is drained by the Contoocook River, which forms Powder Mill Pond on the southern boundary. The highest point in Bennington is 2,020 feet (620 m) above sea level on Crotched Mountain, whose 2,066-foot (630 m) summit lies just east in Francestown. Bennington lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.
The town is crossed by U. S. Route 202 and state routes 31 and 47. It borders the towns of Deering to the northeast, Francestown to the east, Greenfield to the south, Hancock to the southwest, and Antrim to the west and north.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,401 people, 552 households, and 356 families residing in the town. The population density was 126.7 people per square mile (48.9/km²). There were 635 housing units at an average density of 57.4 per square mile (22.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.00% White, 0.07% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.64% of the population.
There were 552 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.18.
In the town the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 33.5% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $46,150, and the median income for a family was $52,153. Males had a median income of $34,063 versus $26,734 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,675. About 8.4% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.
- A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England, 1859; H. O. Houghton & Company, printers; Cambridge, Massachusetts
- United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire (1875)
- Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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