MS Berge Stahl
Berge Stahl had been the world's largest bulk carrier until 2011
|Port of registry:|
Brazil to OmanPreviously Brazil to Rotterdam
|Laid down:||14 March 1986|
|Launched:||4 September 1986|
|Completed:||4 December 1986|
|Type:||Bulk carrier (Ore carrier)|
|Length:||342.08 m (1,122.3 ft)|
|Beam:||63.53 m (208.4 ft)|
|Draught:||23 m (75 ft)|
|Installed power:||Hyundai 7L90MCE|
|Propulsion:||Single shaft; 9 m (30 ft) fixed pitch propeller|
|Speed:||13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph)|
MS Berge Stahl is a bulk carrier. Until the delivery of MS Vale Brasil in 2011 she was the longest and largest iron ore carrier in the world.[failed verification] She is registered in Douglas, Isle of Man. Before that, she was registered in Stavanger, Norway as well as in Monrovia, Liberia.
An iron ore carrier, Berge Stahl has a capacity of 364,767 tonnes deadweight (DWT) . She was built in 1986 by Hyundai Heavy Industries. The vessel is 342.08 m (1,122 ft) long, had a beam, or width, of 63.5 m (208 ft), and a draft, or depth in the water, of 23 m (75 ft).
Her MAN B&W 7L90MCE diesel engine is 9 m (30 ft) high, drives a single 9 m (30 ft) propeller, and puts out 27,610 horsepower (20.59 MW). The ship has a top speed of 13.5 knots (25.0 km/h; 15.5 mph), and has a 9 m (30 ft) rudder.
Because of its massive size, Berge Stahl could originally only tie up, fully loaded, at two ports in the world, hauling ore from the Terminal Marítimo de Ponta da Madeira in Brazil to the Europoort near Rotterdam in the Netherlands. Even at these ports, passage must be timed to coincide with high tides to prevent the ship running aground. Berge Stahl made this trip about ten times each year, or a round-trip about every five weeks.
The newly opened deep-water iron ore wharf at Caofeidian in China received the fully loaded Berge Stahl in October 2011, and several other Chinese ports have since opened to receive Vale's even larger Valemax ships. Berge Stahl can operate from other ports if not fully loaded. In September 2006, the ship carried ore to the port of Majishan, China, where it was dry-docked and given its twenty-year inspection. On the return voyage to Rotterdam, the ship picked up a partial load of ore in Dampier, Western Australia, and Saldanha Bay in South Africa (where the maximum draft permitted is 21 m). In April 2014, the Berge Stahl received her last dry-docking, in Portugal. The owner Berge Bulk announced that the thirty-year-old vessel performed her last voyage to Rotterdam in the autumn of 2016. She was then headed for dry dock, where she was refitted before commencing a new contract transporting iron ore from the Port of Tubarão in Brazil to Sohar, Oman.
MS Berge Stahl with BW Fleet Management Pte. Ltd at the Port of Rotterdam, Holland in April 2007
MS Berge Stahl with Berge Bulk at the Port of Rotterdam, Holland in June 2011
- List of ship launches in 1986
- List of the world's longest ships
- Berge Fjord
- List of longest ships
- TI-class supertanker
- "Deepwater Discovery (14702)". DNV GL Vessel Register. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "Vale Brasil (30616)". DNV GL Vessel Register. Det Norske Veritas. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
- "Propulsion Trends in Bulk Carriers" MAN Diesel Group – retrieved: 12 April 2007 (Adobe Acrobat *.pdf document)
- "Machine Support services on world's largest dry bulk carrier" Machine Support News
- 曹妃甸港首次接卸30万吨以上铁矿石巨轮, 31 October 2011, archived from the original on 26 April 2012
- "Largest bulk cargo ship in the world comes to China" – CNSPhoto.com – 7 September 2006
- "Media Miss Once-Off South African Visit by Berge Stahl" (PDF). The Cape Times. 27 December 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
- "Berge Stahl". Berge Bulk Website. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
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