The Berlin/Bonn Act (German: Berlin/Bonn-Gesetz) regulated the move of the Bundestag and parts of the government of Germany from Bonn to Berlin. It also regulated the move of certain Federal agencies and other German federal facilities to Bonn. The act was a consequence of the Hauptstadtbeschluss (English: Enactment regarding the capital) of 20 June 1991 which made Berlin the seat of government. Berlin had already been the capital of the united Germany since the Unification Treaty of 3 October 1990. The Berlin/Bonn Act was enacted on 26 April 1994. The act's full official title is Act for the implementation of the enactment of the German Bundestag of 20 June 1991 for the completion of the German unity (German: Gesetz zur Umsetzung des Beschlusses des Deutschen Bundestages vom 20. Juni 1991 zur Vollendung der Einheit Deutschlands).
The Berlin/Bonn act determined which federal ministries moved to the capital and gave the city certain commitments regarding the preservation of Bonn as a location of politics. In addition, it awarded the city the unique title of the Federal City.
The act was implemented incrementally. The most important year was 1999 when the Bundestag moved to the Reichstag building in Berlin. At the same time, the Federal Court of Auditors and the Federal Cartel Office moved from Berlin and the Rhine-Main area to Bonn.
Federal agencies that moved
The following are examples of federal facilities that moved to Bonn (in total: 22):
- Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung from Frankfurt am Main (established in 1995 by merging the Bundesanstalt für landwirtschaftliche Marktordnung and the Bundesamt für Ernährung und Forstwirtschaft)
- Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices from Berlin
- Federal Cartel Office from Berlin
- Federal Audit Office from Frankfurt am Main
- Bundesaufsichtsamt für das Kreditwesen and Bundesaufsichtsamt für das Versicherungswesen from Berlin
- Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung
- Bundesgesundheitsamt from Berlin (disbanded)
- Central Agency Postbank (disbanded when the Federal Post Office was privatized)
- Zentrale Auslands- und Fachvermittlung from Frankfurt am Main
These facilities were established in Bonn:
- Central office of the Federal Railway Authority
- Headquarters of the Bundeseisenbahnvermögen (In a broad sense the successor of the headquarters of the Bundesbahn, Frankfurt/Main)
The facilities were partially relocated:
- Bundesforschungsanstalt für Landeskunde und Raumordnung and Bundesbaudirektion (merged in 2002 forming the Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung which is exclusively seated in Bonn)
- Statistisches Bundesamt (central office Wiesbaden, subsidiary Berlin)
- Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (central office Hannover, subsidiary Berlin)
- Bundesamt für Strahlenschutz (central office Salzgitter, subsidiary Berlin).
Also, the Berlin/Bonn act is the foundation of the "Agreement regarding the compensation measures for the Bonn region" German: Vereinbarung über die Ausgleichsmaßnahmen für die Region Bonn of 29 June 1994 providing for 1.437 billion Euros to be used between 1995 and 2004. This money was used to fund various compensation measures and concrete action plans like the foundation of the Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences.
- Berlin/Bonn Act at bundesrecht.juris.de (German)
- Overview of the aided compensation projects at bonn.de (PDF file; 212 kB) (German)