Bernard Hyland

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Bernard (Bernie) Patrick Matthew Hyland
Born 1937
Nationality Australian
Citizenship Australian
Known for rainforest botany
Scientific career
Fields botany
Author abbrev. (botany) B.Hyland

Bernard Hyland (Bernard Patrick Matthew Hyland, born 1937), known as Bernie Hyland, has a long career as an Australian botanist.

He has contributed significantly to understanding of Australian plants especially rainforest plants. His contributions include many activities. He has collected eighteen thousand specimens. He has named and scientifically described hundreds of species, especially species of his home and workplace the Wet Tropics of Queensland. He has particular expertise in the Australian rainforests’ rich diversity of species of the plant families Lauraceae and Myrtaceae.[1][2] For instance, his Lauraceae 1989 major revision of seven genera of one hundred and fifteen species,[3] and his rainforest Myrtaceae 1983 major revision of seventy species of the Syzygium genus and allied genera.[4]

Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants information system[edit]

A major project he worked on for approximately 45 years is the Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants information system.[5]

He retired in 2002, continuing as a CSIRO Honorary Research Fellow,[2] contributing to the development of the most recent release, the 2010 6th edition, titled:

Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants Edition 6: Trees, Shrubs, Vines, Herbs, Grasses, Sedges, Palms, Pandans and Epiphytes

This edition achieved the goal of making it freely available, via the internet page:[5]

This current edition 6 version 6.1 (December 2010) describes 2553 species, with its interactive, user determined multiple–entry–point, plant identification keys.[5] They advance further than the older botanical tradition based around the printed book, of pre-determined, hierarchically structured, single entry point, keys.

Each of the species described in the information system has the voucher evidence of dried, pressed, mounted specimens and preserved, bottled, wet specimens, held in the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University, Cairns. For each species, the information system includes more than just the identification key’s comprehensive plant characteristics. In addition, it includes fact sheets providing comprehensive descriptions of: current names and synonyms, common names, stems, leaves, flowers, fruits, seedlings, known distributions in the Wet Tropics, Australia-wide and globally, ecology, wood characteristics of selected tree species, life forms and, a total of, more than 11,000 paintings, illustrations and photographs.[5]

Plants scientifically named in his honour[edit]

The genus Hylandia described in 1974 by Herbert K. Airy Shaw,[6] and the following species have names in his honour:[2]


  1. ^ West, Judy G. (2002). "Hyland, Bernard (Bernie) Patrick Matthew (1937 - )". Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria – Australian National Herbarium – Biography. Retrieved 1 Mar 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c Elick, Rebel; West, Judy G. (2002). "Bernie Hyland retires" (PDF). Australasian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter. Australasian Systematic Botany Society Inc. 110 (March): 11–12. ISSN 1034-1218. Retrieved 20 Mar 2013. 
  3. ^ Hyland, Bernie P.M. (1989). "A revision of Lauraceae in Australia (excluding Cassytha)". Australian Systematic Botany. 2 (2): 135–367. doi:10.1071/SB9890135. Retrieved 13 Mar 2013. 
  4. ^ Hyland, Bernie P.M. (1983). "A revision of Syzygium and allied genera (Myrtaceae) in Australia". Australian Journal of Botany Supplementary Series. 13: 1–164. doi:10.1071/BT8309001. Retrieved 13 Mar 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d Hyland, B. P. M.; Whiffin, T.; Zich, F. A.; et al. (Dec 2010). "Introduction". Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Edition 6.1, online version [RFK 6.1]. Cairns, Australia: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), through its Division of Plant Industry; the Centre for Australian National Biodiversity Research; the Australian Tropical Herbarium, James Cook University. Retrieved 1 Mar 2013. 
  6. ^ Airy Shaw, H. K. (1974). "Notes on Malesian and other Asiatic Euphorbiaceae: CLXXXVI. A new ostodoid genus from Queensland". Kew Bulletin. 29 (2): 329–331. doi:10.2307/4108542. Retrieved 13 Mar 2013. It gives me much pleasure to name the genus after Mr. Hyland, in appreciation of his cooperation in obtaining and forwarding material … 
  7. ^ "Hyland, Bernard Patrick Matthew (1937-)". Author Details. International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 13 Mar 2013.