Berringa, Victoria

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Berringa
Victoria
Berringa Birthday Mine.jpg
Birthday Mine, First Stope 200 ft level
Berringa is located in Golden Plains Shire
Berringa
Berringa
Coordinates 37°46′0″S 143°41′0″E / 37.76667°S 143.68333°E / -37.76667; 143.68333Coordinates: 37°46′0″S 143°41′0″E / 37.76667°S 143.68333°E / -37.76667; 143.68333
Population 259 (2006 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 3351
Elevation 504 m (1,654 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Golden Plains Shire
State electorate(s) Ripon
Federal Division(s) Corangamite
Localities around Berringa:
Piggoreet
Springdallah
Staffordshire Reef Enfield
Cape Clear Berringa Enfield
Dereel
Cape Clear Illabarook Dereel

Berringa is a small township in west-central Victoria, Australia. It is situated in Golden Plains Shire, about 43 km southwest of Ballarat.

The township and surrounding rural community are located on the southern extremity of a range of Silurian slate and sandstone rock. The area was a centre of intensive gold mining in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

The township was known as Kangaroo prior to 1900, the Post Office opening in January 1878 as Kangaroo, being renamed Berringa in 1900 and closing in 1955.[2] Gold has been mined at Berringa since the 1850s, with the main period of production being from 1898 to 1917, during which time about 280,000 ounces of gold were extracted from five major mines and several other, smaller operations. Mining continued after World War I on a lesser scale until the area was abandoned in the 1950s.

Ballarat Goldfields NL, through its subsidiary, Berringa Resources Pty. Ltd., still conducts exploration operations at Berringa.

Gold mining had a direct effect on Berringa's population, which increased from 150 in 1899 to a peak of about 4000 in 1908. By 1922, with the gold mining boom over, the population had fallen to about 100. As of the 2006 census, Berringa and the surrounding area had a population of 259.[1] The Berringa district is showing a modest population revival with the tree change phenomenon. The district was the site of a significant bushfire in February 1995.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Berringa (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-07-21. 
  2. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11 
  • Menhennet, Marion Joy. 1987. The History of Berringa. Australian Print Group, Maryborough, Victoria. ISBN 0-7316-0076-2

External links[edit]