Besni is an agricultural region best known for its high quality pale-coloured raisins (which is known as "Grapes of Besni" ) and for a meat and vegetable casserole dish called Besni Tavası.
All the mountain slopes covered by vineyards."Bedirse" was the famous region for "summer vineyard houses". In the past, because of the danger of earthquakes, many families have migrated to the cities of western Turkey.
There is an institute of the University of Adıyaman here.