Betty Davis (album)
|Studio album by Betty Davis|
|Studio||Wally Heider Studios in San Francisco|
|Betty Davis chronology|
Betty Davis is the eponymous debut studio album by American funk singer Betty Davis, released through Just Sunshine Records (an upstart label) in 1973. The album was produced by Greg Errico and features contributions from a number of noted musicians such as Neal Schon, Merl Saunders, Sylvester, Larry Graham, Pete Sears, and The Pointer Sisters.
Before the album's release, Davis was best known as the second wife of jazz trumpeter Miles Davis, and also as the featured model on the front cover of the jazz legend's 1968 album Filles de Kilimanjaro. The song "Mademoiselle Mabry" off Filles... is dedicated to Davis (whose maiden-name is Mabry) and was recorded around the time of their marriage in September 1968. Unbeknownst to most, the then-23-year-old Davis was herself a professional model and also a performer of soul and funk music, having written for the Chambers Brothers and put out a single on Don Costa's DCP imprint. Davis was a known face in emerging musical circles who had a strong stylistic and musical influence on her former husband (she personally introduced him to Jimi Hendrix) during their short marriage which ended after just a year.
Writing and recording
In the early 70s, after a stint of modeling in the UK, a 28-year-old Davis moved to Los Angeles in order to record with Santana but soon changed her focus and with help from Greg Errico (of Sly & The Family Stone), assembled a rich list of veteran Bay Area musicians to record her own material. These included Neal Schon (of Santana), Larry Graham and several other members of Graham Central Station, as well as Sylvester and The Pointer Sisters (who performed backing vocals). The resulting album was recorded between 1972 and 1973 and, while primarily a funk-soul album, was stylistically eclectic, reflecting the wide array of musicians who played on the record.
The songs,all written by Davis herself, are mostly built around funk grooves, driving percussion and heavy guitars. Davis' vocal stylings are expressive and boisterous (as on "If I'm In Luck I Might Get Picked Up"), but also playful and sensual (as on "Anti Love Song"). On the former she boldly sings "I'm wigglin' my fanny, I'm raunchy dancing, I'm-a-doing it doing it". "Steppin' In Her I. Miller Shoes", tells the story of a talented young woman who comes to the 'jungle' with big dreams, only to end up a tragic victim of the entertainment industry. The up-tempo song features hard rock guitars and backing vocals by The Pointer Sisters. In a 2007 interview Davis revealed that the song was based on the life of Devon Wilson, a one-time girlfriend of Jimi Hendrix with whom Davis had been close friends. Wilson is also the subject of "Angel" by Hendrix. With their hard-funk/rock-fused sounds, few of the songs catered to radio play; perhaps the closest is "In The Meantime" featuring prominent organ and the most restrained and straightfoward performance on the album.
In a retrospective review, Popmatters called Betty Davis "funk like no other. Its closest musical relation is Sly Stone's early '70s molasses" and praising her performance on the album as "a slow cooker of unbridled lust that teases and passes each beat, and flicks and licks each chord." The magazine noted Davis' "frequent reversing of gender roles and expectations to demonstrate control and strength" Likewise, John Bush of Allmusic called it "an outstanding funk record, driven by her [Davis'] aggressive, no-nonsense songs". In his 1990 biography Miles Davis said of his former wife's musical legacy: "If Betty were singing today she'd be something like Madonna, something like Prince, only as a woman. She was the beginning of all that when she was singing as Betty Davis." Liner notes from the 2007 re-issue of the album also include the following statement by Carlos Santana: "She was the first Madonna, but Madonna is more like Marie Osmond compared to Betty Davis. Betty was a real ferocious Black Panther woman. You couldn't tame Betty Davis." Robert Christgau was less enthusiastic, jokingly referring to the music as the "most overstated comic-book sex since Angelfood McSpade". In spite of its flair for rhythm and Davis' concept—"autonomous black woman forges metal funk"—Christgau said the album was marred by her "forced, narrow voice and a complete absence of riff sense or melodic gift".
All songs written by Betty Davis Original LP configuration:
- "If I'm In Luck I Might Get Picked Up" – 5:00
- "Walkin' Up The Road" – 2:55
- "Anti Love Song" – 4:32
- "Your Man My Man" – 3:39
- "Ooh Yeah" – 3:09
- "Steppin' In Her I. Miller Shoes" – 3:15
- "Game Is My Middle Name" – 5:12
- "In The Meantime" – 2:44
The CD reissue includes three previously unreleased bonus tracks, all from the same album sessions.
- "Come Take Me" – 3:56
- "You Won't See Me In The Morning" – 3:50
- "I Will Take That Ride" – 4:43
- Betty Davis - Lead and Backing Vocals
- Larry Graham, Doug Rauch - Bass
- Gregg Errico, Willie Sparks - Drums
- Neal Schon, Doug Rodrigues - Guitar
- Pete Sears - Piano
- Richard Kermode - Piano, Clavinet
- Merl Saunders - Electric Piano, Clavinet
- Hershall Kennedy - Organ, Clavinet, Backing Vocals
- Victor Pantoja - Congas
- Mic Gillette - Trombone
- Greg Adams - Trumpet
- Skip Mesquite - Saxophone
- Jules Broussard - Baritone Saxophone
- The Pointer Sisters, Sylvester, Patryce Banks, Kathi McDonald, Annie Sampson, Willy Sparks - Backing Vocals
|Billboard Top Soul Albums||54|
|1973||"If I'm In Luck I Might Get Picked Up "||66|
- Nishimoto, Dan. "Popmatters Review". Popmatters.com. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- Szwed, p. 269
- Tingen, p. 52
- Klein, Joshua (May 22, 2007). "Betty Davis: Betty Davis / They Say I'm Different | Album Reviews". Pitchfork. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
- "Betty Davis Interview on The Sound of Young America Podcast". Maximum Fun. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
- Bush, John. Betty Davis: Betty Davis > Review at AllMusic. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
- Christgau, Robert (August 1973). "The Christgau Consumer Guide". Creem. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- "Betty Davis CD Album". CD Universe. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- "Pitchfork Review". Pitchfork.com. May 22, 2007. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- "Stylus Review". Stylusmagazine.com. Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved October 28, 2012.
- aaamc (July 24, 2007). "Betty Davis/They Say I'm Different". blackgrooves.org. Retrieved January 9, 2012.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Betty Davis". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 0899190251. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- "Betty Davis US albums chart history". allmusic.com. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
- "Betty Davis US singles chart history". allmusic.com. Retrieved September 23, 2011.