Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs
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Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs
|Years active||1963–1967; 1971–1973; 2002|
|Past members||Billy Thorpe|
John "Bluey" Watson
Gil "Rathead" Matthews
Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs were an Australian pop and rock group dating from the mid-1960s. The group enjoyed success in the mid-1960s, but split in 1967. They re-emerged in the early 1970s to become one of the most popular Australian hard-rock bands of the period. Thorpe died from a heart attack in Sydney on 28 February 2007.
Originally a four-piece instrumental group who had put out one surfing instrumental, "Smoke & Stack", they formed in Sydney in 1963. With the advent of the Merseybeat sound, they added a lead singer, Billy Thorpe. His powerful voice and showmanship (which made him one of the most popular and respected rock performers in Australian music), completed the original line-up, which consisted of drummer Col Baigent, bassist John "Bluey" Watson and guitarists Valentine Jones and Vince Maloney (who later played with The Bee Gees). Valentine Jones left the band shortly after Billy Thorpe had joined and was later replaced by Tony Barber.
The group broke through in mid-1964 with a massive nationwide hit, their cover of the Leiber and Stoller classic "Poison Ivy", which famously kept The Beatles from the No. 1 spot on the Sydney charts at the very moment that the group was making its first and only tour of Australia—a feat which resulted in Thorpe being invited to meet the Fab Four at their hotel. Over the next twelve months the band reigned supreme as the most popular 'beat' group in Australia, scoring further hits with the songs "Mashed Potato", "Sick And Tired" and "Somewhere Over the Rainbow", until they were eclipsed by the emergence of The Easybeats in 1965. The band's recording success confirmed Albert Productions, their recording company, with its worldwide distribution deals through EMI and Parlophone, as one of the most important in Australia's embryonic pop industry.
During 1965 the original Aztecs quit after a financial dispute, so Thorpe put together a new five-piece version consisting of drummer Johnny Dick, pianist Jimmy Taylor, guitarists Colin Risbey and Mike Downes and NZ-born bassist Teddy Toi. This group performed until 1966, scoring further hits with "Twilight Time", "Hallelujah I Love Her So", "Baby, Hold Me Close", "Love Letters" and "Word For Today".
Thorpe went solo in 1967 and for a brief time hosted his own TV show, It's All Happening, but personal problems and a widely publicised bankruptcy brought this phase of his career to an end in 1968.
New style and line-up
In 1969, Thorpe decided to try England, after being offered a recording deal by the Australian-born, London-based impresario Robert Stigwood, who had risen to become manager of The Bee Gees and Cream. While rehearsing a backing band in Melbourne that would form the basis for a new Aztecs, the guitarist unexpectedly dropped out, leaving Thorpe to assume lead guitar role at short notice. It marked another turning point in his career and from this point on Thorpe played lead guitar in The Aztecs as well as continuing as lead vocalist. His planned six-week stay in Melbourne soon stretched into months and eventually Thorpe decided to remain in Australia and re-launch his career.
Thorpe himself openly acknowledges that this new 'heavy' version of the Aztecs owes much to 'guitar hero' Lobby Loyde. Lloyde already had a cult following due to his stints in two of the most original Australian bands of the 1960s, The Purple Hearts and Wild Cherries. While his stint in the new Aztecs was short (from December 1968 to January 1971), his musical influence proved crucial in steering Thorpe in a completely new direction, and he strongly encouraged Thorpe to keep playing guitar.
The new Aztecs' blues-based heavy-rock repertoire was dramatically different in style from the original group, and they quickly became famous (or notorious) for the ear-splitting volume at which they played. Thorpe had also drastically changed his appearance—he grew a beard, often wore his now shoulder-length hair braided in a pigtail, and he had long since traded the tailored suits for jeans and T-shirts. Needless to say this did not endear him to people who came to the shows expecting the 'old' Billy Thorpe of the "Poison Ivy" era, and this led to sometimes violent confrontations with disgruntled fans and promoters.
Their breakthrough recording was an ambitious album, The Hoax Is Over, recorded in September 1970 with new drummer Kevin Murphy. The album was an unequivocal signal of the Aztecs' new direction, containing only four tracks, three of which were Thorpe originals. The LP is dominated by two extended tracks: a version of Johnny "Guitar" Watson's "Gangster of Love", which clocked in at 24:35 and ran the entire length of Side 1 (an unprecedented move in Australian pop music) and Thorpe's own "Mississippi" which ran 19'35". According to Thorpe, the band (which at this time comprising himself, Murphy, pianist Warren Morgan, guitar legend Lobby Loyde and bassist Paul Wheeler), were all high on LSD and jammed continuously while engineer Ernie Rose just let the tapes roll. The result heralded the fully-fledged arrival of the new Aztecs and live shows at Melbourne venues consolidated the band's reputation and drew enthusiastic responses.
"Most People I Know (Think That I'm Crazy)"
During 1971 they continued to win over Melbourne's audiences with their power-blues repertoire, A landmark event for the band took place on 13 June 1971. Now a four-piece following the departure of Loyde, the Aztecs (Thorpe, Morgan and Wheeler, with new drummer Gil "Rathead" Matthews) headlined a major concert at the Melbourne Town Hall before a capacity crowd of 5000. The evening's performance, including Morgan's commandeering of the town hall organ, was captured on the album Live at Melbourne Town Hall, and which has since become known for the group's deafening performance, which (it was claimed) cracked the windows of neighbouring buildings.
By contrast, the pastoral-sounding "The Dawn Song" was released in 1971. A moderate hit, it displayed the musical diversity of Thorpe and his colleagues at this time.
In early 1972 the Aztecs released what became their biggest hit, and Thorpe's signature tune – "Most People I Know (Think That I'm Crazy)", a song now widely regarded as one of the classics of Australian rock. It was a huge hit for the new Aztecs, peaking in the Go-Set National Top 40 Singles Chart at number 3 in May 1972; propelled to the top of charts by the band's triumphant appearance at the 1972 Sunbury Music Festival. Thorpe himself claimed this as a pivotal moment in the development of Australian music, thanks to the promoters' decision to feature an all-Australian line-up, rather than relying on imported stars.
While by no means the first of Australia's outdoor rock festivals, Sunbury '72 has assumed the mantle of "Australia's Woodstock". It was held at the end of January 1972, over the Australia Day long weekend. The venue was a natural amphitheatre site on farmland near Sunbury, a rural town north of Melbourne, Victoria. The Aztecs shared billing with such other prominent acts as Spectrum/Murtceps, The La De Das, Max Merritt & the Meteors, SCRA, Pirana, Greg Quill's Country Radio and many others.
Part of the Aztecs' set was issued on the double-album recording, Sunbury [EMI-HMV SOXLP 7561/2], and it was also captured on the film made of the event. A double-album collecting the Aztecs' full set, Aztecs Live at Sunbury [Havoc HST 4003/4] was issued later in the year and this has recently been reissued on CD. In mint condition, the original LP release, with pop-up inserts, is much sought after by collectors today.
After the release of "Most People I Know" they released a follow-up single, "Believe It Just Like Me", which attacked local radio's preference for overseas material, but it failed to emulate the success of "Most People", which remains their best-known song.
The band repeated their festival success at Sunbury '73, and a record culled from this performance, Summer Jam, was released later in the year. They enjoyed another triumph by selling out the Myer Music Bowl in Melbourne, in marked contrast to their abortive excursions to the UK earlier in the year. It is said that a major reason that their Marquee Club gigs in London failed was that British audiences could not tolerate the group's punishing volume.
During 1973 Thorpe collaborated on a duo album with his long-time friend and colleague Warren "Pig" Morgan, the LP Thumpin' Pig and Puffin' Billy. Morgan and Thorpe also co-wrote and produced, with the Aztecs backing, a highly regarded single, "Looking Through a Window", for soul-blues singer Wendy Saddington.
In August, Thorpe switched record labels from the independent Havoc to the newly opened local arm of Atlantic Records, releasing "Movie Queen" and "Don't You Know You're Changing?" as solo singles of singles, although they featured most of the Aztecs line-up. Late in 1973 the group mounted a band's farewell concert at the newly opened Sydney Opera House, becoming the first rock band to perform there. The concert was recorded and released as a double album, Steaming at the Opera House. The show consisted of three one-hour sets, the first acoustic, the second, an elaborately staged concept suite called "No More War". The third set was an all-in all-star jam, reuniting Thorpe with former bandmates Lobby Loyde, Kevin Murphy and Johnny Dick.
Before disbanding, the Aztecs recorded one more album for Atlantic, the provocatively titled More Arse Than Class, after which Thorpe embarked on a solo career. He released several more solo albums in Australia before re-locating to the United States, where he embarked on a series of business ventures, including a successful toy company with his old bandmate Tony Barber.
After The Aztecs
In the late 1990s Billy Thorpe returned to Australia, where he was recognised as one of the elder statesmen of Australian music. In 1991 he was inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame.
In 1998 Australia Post issued a special edition set of twelve stamps celebrating the early years of Australian Rock 'n' Roll, featuring Australian hit songs of the late 1950s, the 1960s and the early 1970s.
"Each of them said something about us, and told the rest of the world this is what popular culture sounds like, and it has an Australian accent."
A "Most People I Know" stamp was one of those in the set.
In 2002 he was one of the driving forces behind the hugely successful TV and live concert series, "It's A Long Way to the Top", a celebration of 40 years of Australian rock music. This was an occasion for him to bring together and perform with two versions of The Aztecs, the "Original Aztecs" and, later in the show the "Sunbury Aztecs".
His talent and his power-packed voice were virtually untouched by the passing of the years and he continued to perform energetically around the country until his untimely death at age 60. He was working on his long anticipated album "Tangier" at the time of his death. He was recording in Marrakech at Marrakech Prod Recording Studio.
Billy Thorpe played his last gig at Westernport Hotel in San Remo, Victoria, on Sunday 25 February 2007. He died of a massive heart attack at St Vincent's Hospital, Sydney, in the early hours of Wednesday, 28 February 2007. Tributes flowed readily for this legend of Australian music.
Gil Matthews runs the re-issue label Aztec Music. Their first release was Live at Sunbury by Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs.
- Board Boogie/Smoke And Stack – January 1964
- Blue Day/You Don't Love Me – April 1964 (AU #51)
- Poison Ivy/Broken Things – June 1964 (AU #3)
- Blue Day/You Don't Love Me (reissue) – June 1964
- Mashed Potato/Don't Cha Know – August 1964 (AU #9)
- Sick And Tired/About Love – October 1964 (AU #11)
- Smoke And Stack/Board Boogie – November 1964
- Over The Rainbow/That I Love – December 1964 (AU #2)
- I Told The Brook/Funny Face – May 1965 (AU #1)
- Twilight Time/My Girl Josephine – July 1965 (AU #2)
- Hallelujah I Love Her So/Baby, Hold Me Close – September 1965 (AU #16)
- Poison Ivy/Blue Day – October 1965
- Love Letters/Dancing in the Street – November 1965 (AU #3)
- The Word For Today/The New Breed – June 1966 (AU #23)
- I've Been Wrong Before/Wee Bit More of Your Lovin' – October 1966 (AU #57)
- Dream Baby/You Don't Live Twice - October 1967 (AU #55)
- Good Morning Little School Girl/Rock Me Baby – March 1970
- The Dawn Song/Time To Live – September 1971 (AU #41)
- Most People I Know/Regulation Three Puff – February 1972 (AU #2)
- Believe It Just Like Me/Get To Hell Out of Here – October 1972 (AU #25)
- Captain Straightman/Bow My Head – March 1973 [as Thumpin' Pig & Puffin' Billy] (AU #36)
- Movie Queen/Mame – August 1973 (AU #32)
- Don't You Know You're Changing?/Yes I'm Tired – December 1973
- Over The Rainbow/Let's Have A Party – April 1974 (AU #20)
- Cigarettes and Whiskey/Back Home in Australia – November 1974
- Poison Ivy – August 1964, Linda Lee Records
- Sick & Tired – January 1965, Parlophone Records
- Smoke & Stack - March 1965, Linda Lee through Festival - FX-10,961 (One side, with The Sphinx Wont Tell - The Kinsmen.)
- On Stage – April 1965, Parlophone
- I Told the Brook – September 1965, Parlophone
- Stand By Me – November 1965, Parlophone
- Twilight Time – 196?, Parlophone
- Love Letters – 196?, Parlophone
- Poison Ivy (split album with Johnny Noble & the Mods) – 1964, Linda Lee
- Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs – 1964, Parlophone
- Don't You Dig This Kind of Beat – 1966, Parlophone
- The Hoax Is Over – 1970, Infinity Records
- Aztecs Live (at Melbourne Town Hall) (2LP) – 1971, Havoc Records
- Aztecs Live at Sunbury – 1972, Havoc #8 AUS
- More Arse Than Class – May 1974, Atlantic Records
- Steaming at the Opera House (2LP) – December 1974, Atlantic
- Aztecs Live at Sunbury – Remastered – July 2005, Aztec Music
- More Arse Than Class – Remastered – February 2006, Aztec Music
- Aztecs Live (at Melbourne Town Hall) – Remastered – March 2007, Aztec Music
- Long Live Rock and Roll (Live at Moomba Festival, 1972) (2CD) – December 2008, Aztec Music
- Steaming at the Opera House – Remastered (2CD) – March 2011, Aztec Music
with Lobby Loyde & the Coloured Balls and Leo de Castro
- Summer Jam – November 1973
with Warren Morgan as Thump'n Pig and Puff'n Billy
- Downunda – 1973, Atlantic #40 AUS
- Downunda – Remastered – August 2005, Aztec Music
- The Best of Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs – 1965, Parlophone
- Great Hits – 1972, Calendar Records
- Rock Classics – 1974, Portrait Records
- Gold – May 1975, Atlantic
- It's All Happening! – 1981, EMI/Albert Productions
- Lock Up Your Mothers (3CD anthology) – May 1994, Mushroom
- The Best and the Rest of Lock Up Your Mothers – 1994, Mushroom
- The Classic Rock Collection – 1996, Broad Music
- The Very Best of (Reissue of 'The Best and the Rest of Lock Up Your Mothers') – October 1997, Mushroom
- It's All Happening – 23 Original Hits – 2002, Albert
- "Go-Set Australian charts - 13 May 1972". Poparchives.com.au. 1972-05-13. Retrieved 2016-06-26.
- "Overview Most People I Know (Think That I'm Crazy) (1972) on ASO - Australia's audio and visual heritage online". Aso.gov.au. Retrieved 2016-06-26.
- "Australian Stamps : Rock Australia". Australia Post. 20 March 2001. Archived from the original on 11 August 2008. Retrieved 16 July 2012.
- Australian Encyclopedia of Rock & Pop – Noel McGrath – 1978
- An Australian Rock Discography – Chris Spencer −1990 – Moonlight Publishing
- The Who's Who of Australian Rock – Chris Spencer – Moonlight Publishing
- The Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop – Ian McFarlane – Allen & Unwin, Sydney – 1999
- Long Way to the Top: Billy Thorpe & The Aztecs – Stories and Highlights, Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
- In Memory of Billy Thorpe
- Listen to a clip from 'Most People I Know (Think that I'm Crazy)' and read more about it on australianscreen online
- Australian Music Database: http://www.australianmusicdatabase.com/bands/billy-thorpe-and-the-aztecs