Location of Birney, Montana
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Total||15.1 sq mi (39.1 km2)|
|• Land||15.1 sq mi (39.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||3,123 ft (952 m)|
|• Density||7.2/sq mi (2.8/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-6 (MDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0802035|
The post office was established in 1886.
Birney is located on the Tongue River Road near the confluence of the Tongue River and Hanging Woman Creek. It is about 40 miles (64 km) northeast of Sheridan, Wyoming and about 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Ashland, Montana. It is just outside the boundary of the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 15.1 square miles (39 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 108 people, 29 households, and 22 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 7.2 people per square mile (2.8/km²). There were 39 housing units at an average density of 2.6 per square mile (1.0/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 9.26% White, 86.11% Native American, 1.85% from other races, and 2.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.85% of the population.
There were 29 households out of which 48.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.5% were married couples living together, 27.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.72 and the average family size was 4.13.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 45.4% under the age of 18, 13.0% from 18 to 24, 18.5% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 21 years. For every 100 females there were 100.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.7 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $15,417, and the median income for a family was $12,500. Males had a median income of $51,250 versus $0 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $9,338. There were 50.0% of families and 50.0% of the population living below the poverty line, including 65.2% of those under 18 and 50.0% of those over 64.
In the late 1950s the town consisted of a one-room schoolhouse (of two classrooms), a small church, the Birney Cash Store and its post office, the store called Ranch Stores, and six households with a population of 13.
- Frederic Remington (1861-1909) - famous western artist who lived at times, as late as 1901, on the Charles Boals ranch near Birney and the Cheyenne Indian Reservation where he hunted, painted and sketched. 
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Carkeek Cheney, Roberta (1983). Names on the Face of Montana. Missoula, Montana: Mountain Press Publishing Company. p. 5. ISBN 0-87842-150-5.
- Climate Summary for Birney, Montana
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Montana Place Names Companion". Montana Historical Society. Retrieved 25 July 2017.
- Birney Flag Song and translation (sound files)
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