Bishopstoke

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Bishopstoke
Bishopstoke Beach.jpg
Bishopstoke has a gravel beach which is created by fluctuations in the height of the River Itchen
Bishopstoke is located in Hampshire
Bishopstoke
Bishopstoke
Location within Hampshire
Population9,974 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid referenceSU472189
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townEastleigh
Postcode districtSO50
Dialling code023
PoliceHampshire
FireHampshire
AmbulanceSouth Central
EU ParliamentSouth East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire
50°58′04″N 1°19′40″W / 50.9679°N 1.3278°W / 50.9679; -1.3278Coordinates: 50°58′04″N 1°19′40″W / 50.9679°N 1.3278°W / 50.9679; -1.3278

Bishopstoke, a village recorded in the Domesday Book,[2] is a civil parish in the borough of Eastleigh in Hampshire, England. Bishopstoke was also mentioned when King Alfred the Great's grandson King Eadred, granted land at "Stohes" to Thegn Aelfric in 948 AD.[3] The village is about a mile east of Eastleigh town centre, and is on the eastern bank of the River Itchen. It adjoins Fair Oak on the east, in the Fair Oak and Horton Heath parish. The village was annexed to Eastleigh in 1932,[4] and was split out again as an independent civil parish later. It forms part of the Southampton Urban Area.

Itchen Valley Navigation[edit]

The Itchen Valley Navigation between Winchester and Southampton was completed in 1710 and in use until 1869. Much of it runs through Bishopstoke, including a sluice in use until the closure.[5]

Stoke Park Woods[edit]

Bordering the village to the North and comprising about 207 ha (512 acres), the Stoke Park area contains 61 per cent woodland and 39 per cent arable. Its many plant species include rare quaking grass. Originally these woods were owned by the Bishop of Winchester. King John of England hunted them in 1205. In 1540 they were licensed by King Henry VIII as a fenced deer hunt.

The woods were bought by the Forestry Commission in 1948 and are now community woodland managed by the Commission to produce wood for paper pulp and timber.[6] Local groups have been set up to fight council plans for a new town that would destroy the inter-woodland countryside and significantly damage the ancient woodland around Stoke Park, including Upper Barn, Crowdhill copses, Bishopstoke and Fair Oak Local Green Space.[7]

Notable people[edit]

Among those born or resident in Bishopstoke have been:

Today[edit]

Bishopstoke contains one infant school, Stoke Park Infant School, and one Junior School, Stoke Park Junior School. which feeds the secondary school in Fair Oak, Wyvern College. The village has a Girl Guide group off West Drive, including Rainbow, Brownie and Guide units. It is also home to the 12th Eastleigh Scouts in West Drive. Eastleigh's museum in the High Street, which is open from Tuesday to Saturday, holds several files containing information about Bishopstoke's historic past and associated personalities, such as John Bale, Samuel Sewall, and Dean Garnier.

Bishopstoke still retains many buildings dating from the 18th century, although the village is expanding and now has a number of newer built residential and commercial premises. It has effectively become divided into Old Bishopstoke and New Bishopstoke, heading roughly West to East, reflecting the recent housing requirements within the area.

There are four churches in the village: St. Mary's and the St. Paul's, both Church of England, Bishopstoke Evangelical Church in Stoke Park Road, and Bishopstoke Methodist Church in Sedgwick Road.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 December 2016.
  2. ^ History Archived September 13, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Bishopstoke Parish Council". Archived from the original on 2005-12-19. Retrieved 2005-11-29.
  4. ^ Vision of Britain Archived October 1, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Twyford info Archived 2013-03-16 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) Eastleigh Council Report on Stoke Woods Management
  7. ^ Groups.

Further reading[edit]

  • Escombe, F. Dorothy (1935). Bygone Bishopstoke. Winchester: Wykeham Press.

External links[edit]