Biysk

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Biysk

Бийск
Sovetskaya Street in Biysk
Sovetskaya Street in Biysk
Coat of arms of Biysk
Coat of arms
Location of Biysk
Biysk is located in Russia
Biysk
Biysk
Location of Biysk
Biysk is located in Altai Krai
Biysk
Biysk
Biysk (Altai Krai)
Coordinates: 52°32′N 85°13′E / 52.533°N 85.217°E / 52.533; 85.217Coordinates: 52°32′N 85°13′E / 52.533°N 85.217°E / 52.533; 85.217
CountryRussia
Federal subjectAltai Krai[1]
Founded1709[2]
City status since1782[2]
Government
 • BodyDuma
 • HeadAlexander Studenikin[3]
Area
 • Total291.67 km2 (112.61 sq mi)
Elevation
180 m (590 ft)
Population
 • Total210,115
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
201,914 (-3.9%)
 • Rank89th in 2010
 • Density720/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of krai significance of Biysk[1]
 • Capital ofcity of krai significance of Biysk[1], Biysky District[1]
 • Urban okrugBiysk Urban Okrug[6]
 • Capital ofBiysk Urban Okrug[6], Biysky Municipal District[7]
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[8])
Postal code(s)[9]
659300–659306, 659308, 659309, 659311, 659314–659316, 659318–659323, 659325, 659326, 659328–659330, 659332–659336, 659399
Dialing code(s)+7 3854
City DayJune 18
OKTMO ID01705000001
Websitebiysk22.ru

Biysk (Russian: Бийск, IPA: [bʲijsk]) is a city in Altai Krai, Russia, located on the Biya River not far from its confluence with the Katun River. It is the second largest city of the krai (after Barnaul, the administrative center of the krai). Population: 210,115 (2010 Census);[4] 218,562 (2002 Census);[10] 233,238 (1989 Census).[11]

Geography[edit]

The city is called "the gates to the Altai Mountains", because of its position comparatively not far from this range. Chuysky Highway begins in Biysk and then goes through the Altai Republic to Russia's border with Mongolia.

Climate[edit]

Biysk has a humid continental climate of the (Köppen climate classification Dfb) with very cold, rather dry winters and very warm, damp summers.

Climate data for Biysk (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −8.9
(16.0)
−7.5
(18.5)
0.0
(32.0)
10.3
(50.5)
19.8
(67.6)
25.4
(77.7)
27.0
(80.6)
24.2
(75.6)
18.6
(65.5)
8.6
(47.5)
−1.6
(29.1)
−7.9
(17.8)
9.0
(48.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) −13.9
(7.0)
−13.3
(8.1)
−5.9
(21.4)
4.4
(39.9)
12.9
(55.2)
18.7
(65.7)
20.5
(68.9)
17.8
(64.0)
12.2
(54.0)
3.8
(38.8)
−5.9
(21.4)
−12.6
(9.3)
3.2
(37.8)
Average low °C (°F) −18.9
(−2.0)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−11.7
(10.9)
−1.5
(29.3)
6.0
(42.8)
12.0
(53.6)
14.1
(57.4)
11.4
(52.5)
5.9
(42.6)
−1.0
(30.2)
−10.1
(13.8)
−17.2
(1.0)
−2.5
(27.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25
(1.0)
26
(1.0)
24
(0.9)
34
(1.3)
54
(2.1)
55
(2.2)
65
(2.6)
62
(2.4)
45
(1.8)
49
(1.9)
39
(1.5)
31
(1.2)
509
(19.9)
Source: "Climate Data - Russia".

History[edit]

The fortress of Bikatunskaya (Бикатунская), or Bikatunsky Ostrog (Бикатунский острог), was founded in 1708-1709:[2] it was constructed near the confluence of Biya and Katun Rivers (hence the name) in 1709 by the order the Russian Tsar Peter the Great signed in 1708.[12] Yet, in 1710, after a three-day battle, the ostrog was destroyed by the Dzungar people.[12] The Bikatunskaya fortress was re-built at a new place (20 kilometers (12 mi) up the Biya, on the right bank of the river) in 1718 and renamed Biyskaya (Бийская) in 1732.[12] Gradually, Biysk lost its role as a military base, but became an important center of trade, and was granted town status in 1782.[2] In 1797, the town was abolished, but in 1804 it was restored as an uyezd town of Tomsk Governorate and granted the coat of arms which is still in use.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Biysk serves as the administrative center of Biysky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with four rural localities, incorporated separately as the city of krai significance of Biysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of krai significance of Biysk is incorporated as Biysk Urban Okrug.[6]

Economy[edit]

Evalar office building in Biysk

The city's industry grew rapidly, especially after some factories were evacuated there from the west of the Soviet Union during World War II. Later the city was an important center of arms development (including solid-fuel rocket engines[13]) and production and still remains an industrial center.

Evalar, one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in Russia, is headquartered in Biysk.

Transportation[edit]

A bridge in Biysk

Biysk has a railway station, a port on the Biya, and is served by the Biysk Airport. The route of federal importance Novosibirsk-Biysk-Tashanta (Chuysky Highway) passes through the city.

Education and culture[edit]

Biysk is a center of education and culture, and a home to an academy of education, a technical institute and other educational institutions, a drama theater (founded in 1943), a museum of local lore, and other facilities.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #28-ZS
  2. ^ a b c d Большая российская энциклопедия. Том 3. Moscow: Большая российская энциклопедия. 2005. p. 473. ISBN 978-5-85270-330-9.
  3. ^ Alexander Petrovich Studenikin, Head of the City of Biysk (in Russian)
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Law #115-ZS
  7. ^ Law #42-ZS
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (21 May 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ a b c Основание Бийской крепости Archived June 5, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ "Soviet Solid Rocket Motor Production Plant". FAS. 1996.

Sources[edit]

  • Алтайский краевой Совет народных депутатов. Закон №28-ЗС от 1 марта 2008 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Алтайского края», в ред. Закона №16-ЗС от 4 апреля 2017 г. «О присоединении станции Железнодорожная Казарма 572 км к посёлку Октябрьскому Октябрьского сельсовета Кулундинского района Алтайского края и внесении изменений в отдельные законы Алтайского края». Вступил в силу 8 марта 2008 г. Опубликован: "Алтайская правда", №67, 8 марта 2008 г. (Altai Krai Council of People's Deputies. Law #28-ZS of March 1, 2008 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Altai Krai, as amended by the Law #16-ZS of April 4, 2017 On Merging the Station of Zheleznodorozhnaya Kazarma 572 km into the Settlement of Oktyabrsky in Oktyabrsky Selsoviet of Kulundinsky District of Altai Krai and on Amending Various Laws of Altai Krai. Effective as of March 8, 2008.).
  • Алтайский краевой Совет народных депутатов. Закон №115-ЗС от 7 ноября 2006 г. «О статусе и границах муниципального и административно-территориального образования город Бийск Алтайского края», в ред. Закона №16-ЗС от 10 марта 2009 г «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Алтайского края о статусе и границах муниципальных и административно-территориальных образований Алтайского края». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Алтайская правда", №362–363, 16 ноября 2006 г. (Altai Krai Council of People's Deputies. Law #115-ZS of November 7, 2006 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal and the Administrative-Territorial Formation of the City of Biysk of Altai Krai, as amended by the Law #16-ZS of March 10, 2009 On Amending Several Laws of Altai Krai on the Status and the Borders of the Municipal and the Administrative-Territorial Formations of Altai Krai. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the day of the official publication.).
  • Алтайский краевой Совет народных депутатов. Закон №42-ЗС от 8 мая 2007 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных и административно-территориальных образований Бийского района Алтайского края», в ред. Закона №16-ЗС от 10 марта 2009 г «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы Алтайского края о статусе и границах муниципальных и административно-территориальных образований Алтайского края». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Алтайская правда", №150 (без приложений), 24 мая 2007 г. (Altai Krai Council of People's Deputies. Law #42-ZS of May 8, 2007 On the Status and the Borders of the Municipal and the Administrative-Territorial Formations of Biysky District of Altai Krai, as amended by the Law #16-ZS of March 10, 2009 On Amending Various Laws of Altai Krai on the Status and the Borders of Municipal and Administrative-Territorial Formations of Altai Krai. Effective as of after 10 days from after the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]