|Genres||R&B, soul, funk, disco|
|Labels||Today Records/Perception Records|
Kwanzaa Records/Warner Bros. Records
|"Black Ivory Performing their debut single, Don't Turn Around in 1972 Performance on Soul!"|
The group was originally known as The Mellow Souls and formed in Harlem, New York in the summer of 1969. Members included all teenagers, Lawrence (Larry) Newkirk, Froilan (Vito) Ramirez, Michael Harris, Russell Patterson and Stuart Bascombe. The group got their start by auditioning over the phone with musician Patrick Adams. After meeting with them, he took the group under his tutelage. Adams began to train and develop the group and he decided that five were too many to work with, and Harris left the group. In time, the four remaining members, now calling themselves Black Ivory, began performing at private parties, block parties and social programs. In their second live performance they won a talent show at Roosevelt High School in the Bronx. Adams, in an effort to get the group signed, began negotiations with Gene Redd Jr., for a possible deal with his label Red Coach Records. Redd Jr., was also the manager for the band Kool & the Gang, and in order to give Black Ivory exposure, he arranged for the group to open the show for the Gang at a number of East Coast venues. In 1970 Leroy Burgess replaced Ramirez, and Newkirk left the group to pursue higher education. The remaining members Leroy Burgess, Stuart Bascombe and Russell Patterson became the trio we know today as Black Ivory.
The group traveled to Philadelphia and recorded two songs at Sigma Sound Studios produced by Patrick Adams. The songs, "Don't Turn Around" and "I Keep Asking You Questions" would become the "A" and "B" sides of the Black Ivory's first single released on the Today Label, with which Adams had subsequently secured a deal for the group.
The group features songwriter and prolific disco producer Leroy Burgess, Stuart Bascombe, and Russell Patterson. They were managed by Patrick Adams, an executive at the Today/Perception record company. Burgess was the lead voice of the majority of their hits in the early 1970s. Their 1972 debut album, Don't Turn Around, became a top 20 hit spending 19 weeks on the Billboard R&B albums chart and peaking at No. 13. Black Ivory scored three top 40 R&B hits in 1972, including the singles "Don't Turn Around" (No. 38) and "You and I" (No. 32) from their debut album. Another single from that album, "I'll Find a Way (The Loneliest Man in Town)" peaked at No. 46 on the Billboard R&B singles chart. Their single, "Time Is Love", was the third top 40 R&B hit, peaking at No. 37. Other charting singles include "Spinning Around" (No. 45), "What Goes Around (Comes Around)" (No. 44), and "Will We Ever Come Together" (No. 40). Although they recorded several uptempo tracks, such as "Big Apple Rock", "Walking Downtown (On a Saturday Night)", "What Goes Around (Comes Around)" and later, "Mainline" with Russell Patterson as lead singer (written by Burgess, but recorded after he left the group in 1977), they were primarily known for sweet soul ballads.
In 1974, Billboard's writer Bob Ford, stated that Black Ivory were one of the best up and coming R&B acts. Early in their career, Black Ivory's songs were covered by other artists on Today/Perception, a common practice with the label. Label-mates J.J. Barnes, The Eight Minutes, Debbie Taylor, and Lucky Peterson all covered Black Ivory tunes.
The group recorded several uptempo songs in the disco vein, such as "Big Apple Rock", "Walking Downtown (On a Saturday Night)", "What Goes Around (Comes Around)" and, later, "Mainline" but, not being known for the style, they were unable to compete when disco became the dominant music style. While he was with Black Ivory, Burgess frequently collaborated with Adams in writing songs. He also wrote the groups' hit, "Mainline", which featured Russell Patterson on lead and was recorded while he was on hiatus from the group. After Burgess left in 1977, Bascombe and Patterson continued on as a duo until the early 1980s before disbanding.
In 1995, the group reunited and returned to the stage on the Classic Soul circuit, featuring all three original members, with Stuart Bascombe doing most of the leads. They have been performing and recording together ever since. In recent years, Black Ivory has released a Christmas single entitled "Snow", written by Burgess and Patterson, and in November 2011, Black Ivory composed, produced and released a new album, Continuum on their own label SLR Records.
Black Ivory are one of the featured artists in the award-winning 2018 documentary, Mr. Soul!! a film based on the host and executive producer of Soul!, Ellis Haizlip, the first "black Tonight Show". In 1968, Soul! was launched as a local, New York broadcast. In 1969, the series rolled out nationwide on PBS, on WNET Channel 13. Haizlip had produced over 130 hour-long shows featuring an array of guests.
Leroy Burgess and Stuart Bascombe are contributing writers on the single, "Gettin' Up" on rapper and musician Q-Tip's nominated Best Rap Album of The Year, The Renaissance (Q-Tip album), at the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards. Rapper Eminem won Best Rap Album of the Year for "Relapse".
Black Ivory celebrated their 50th Anniversary in 2019 in the music industry. They received multiple awards and proclamations throughout 2019 commemorating their milestone including a 13-page article in the London magazine, The Soul Survivors. They performed and received awards at London's Famous Jazz Cafe on October 19, 2019.
As of 2022, Black Ivory is one of the only soul/R&B groups from the 1970s who are still performing with all of the original members from their first recordings.
In recent years, some of Black Ivory's work has been sampled by a number of artists.
- Raekwon sampled "I Keep Asking You Questions" for his song Criminology on his acclaimed 1995 album, Only Built 4 Cuban Linx.
- He also sampled the same song in 2005 for his single, "Criminology 2.5", that featured Ghostface Killah and Method Man, from the album, "Wu-Massacre".
- E.U., Washington, D.C.-based go-go/funk band covered, "Don't Turn Around" on their 1989 on his album, "Livin' Large".
- In 2000, Barbara Tucker reached number one on the Billboard dance chart with her single, "Stop Playing with My Mind", which sampled "Mainline".
- In 2002 Rapper Nas sampled, "We Made It", for his song, "Revolutionary Warfare" from his top charting Platinum R&B album, "God's Son".
- Brother Ali in 2004 sampled, "It's Time to Say Goodbye" on his track "Love On Display" from his Champion EP.
- In his 2006 Beat Konducta Vol.1-2: Movie Scenes, Madlib sampled "You and I" in his beat titled "The Understanding (Comprehension)".
- In 2008, Rapper and Musician Q-Tip's sampled, "You and I" on his hit single, "Gettin'Up" on his 2008 Grammy nominated Best Rap AlbumThe Renaissance
- Lil B sampled "Surrender" for his track "Surrender To Me" on the White Flame mixtape.
- In 2005, Omarion sampled "Don't Turn Around" on the remix of his song "I'm Gonna Try (Pt. 2)".
- 9th Wonder sampled "Love Won't You Stay" on Kaze's "For The Record", and he sampled "Warm Inside" on JustMyThoughtsSoul!!!! from the album, Tutankhamen (Valley of the Kings).
- Rapper Mac Miller sampled, "Warm Inside" for his single "Outside", on the mix tape, K.I.D.S. (mixtape).
- Leroy Burgess (born August 19, 1953), New York, New York
- Stuart Bascombe (born January 20, 1954), New York, New York
- Russell Patterson (born April 1, 1954), New York, New, York
|Year||Album||Peak chart positions||Record label|
|1972||Don't Turn Around||158||13||Today Records|
|Baby, Won't You Change Your Mind||188||26|
|1975||Feel It||—||—||Buddah Records|
|1979||Hangin' Heavy||—||—||Buddah Records/Arista Records|
|1984||Then and Now||—||—||Panoramic Records|
|"—" denotes a recording that did not chart.|
|1991||Black Ivory / Hangin' Heavy||Unidisc|
|1993||Don't Turn Around - A Golden Classics Edition||Collectables Records Corp.|
|1997||Black Ivory Vs Odds And Ends||Sequel Records|
|2000||Spinning Around (The Today Sessions)||Castle Music|
|2009||Black Ivory Meet The Escorts||Collectables Records Corp|
|2012||Black Ivory / Hangin' Heavy||Funkytown Grooves|
|2017||Anthology||Play Back Records|
|Year||Title||Peak chart positions|
|1971||"Don't Turn Around"||—||38||—|
|B/W "I Keep Asking You Questions"||—||—||—|
|1972||"You and I"||95||32||—|
|B/W "Our Future ?"||—||—||—|
|"I'll Find a Way"||—||46||—|
|"Time Is Love"||—||37||—|
|"B/W Got to Be There"||—||—||—|
|B/W "Find the One Who Loves You"||—||—||—|
|"We Made It"||—||—||—|
|B/W "Just Leave Me Some"||—||—||—|
|1974||"What Goes Around (Comes Around)"||—||44||—|
|B/W "No One Else Will Ever Do"||—||—||—|
|1975||"Will We Ever Come Together"||—||40||—|
|"Love Won't You Stay"||—||—||—|
|"You Mean Everything to Me"||—||—||—|
|1976||"Walking Downtown (Saturday Night)"||—||—||—|
|1978||"You Turned My Whole World Around"||—||—||—|
|1984||"You Are My Lover"||—||73||—|
|1985||"I've Got My Eye on You"||—||—||18|
|"—" denotes a recording that did not chart.|
- Kellman, Andy. "Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved January 21, 2022.
- "The Soul Survivors Magazine Issue 84 Page 10". btpubs.co.uk. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "The Soul Survivors Magazine Issue 84". The Soul Survivors Magazine. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "The Soul Survivors Magazine Issue 84 Page 14". btpubs.co.uk. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Harlem's heartthrobs: Black Ivory". Amsterdam News. June 1, 2018.
- "Black Ivory BillBoard Albums Chart". Billboard. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Soul: The Young People's Show - March 1, 1972 | Soul!". THIRTEEN - New York Public Media. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- Inc, Nielsen Business Media (October 19, 1974). "Billboard". Nielsen Business Media, Inc. Retrieved September 25, 2020.
- Rizik, Chris (December 30, 2007). "Black Ivory - Biography". SoulTracks. Retrieved July 3, 2020.
- "Continuum - Black Ivory | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "MR. SOUL! - Film Behind Ellis Haizlip and his TV Program SOUL! - to World Premiere at Tribeca Film Festival". VIMOOZ. April 21, 2018. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Complete List of Nominees for the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards". E! Online. 2009. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Past Honorees". rnbmusicsociety1. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "The Soul Survivors Magazine Issue 84 Page 20". btpubs.co.uk. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- PERRY, BRANDON A. (July 15, 2016). "They can still 'bring it': Classic groups offer excitement with original members". Indianapolis Recorder Newspaper. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
- "Only Built 4 Cuban Linx - Raekwon | Credits | AllMusic". Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Wu Tang Presents: Wu Massacre - Various Artists | Songs, Reviews, Credits | AllMusic". Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- Revolt (October 24, 2018). "The Alchemist's 13 most classic tracks".
- "Q-Tip's swabs are legendary". Yale News. November 7, 2008.
- "52nd Grammy Awards: The Nominees". www.cbsnews.com. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Q-Tip". Billboard. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Q-Tip". Billboard. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Black Ivory 200 Album Chart". Billboard. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Black Ivory R&B/Soul Album Chart". Billboard. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Cash Box Top 100 5/06/72". cashboxmagazine.com. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
- "Black Ivory Billboard R&B Single Chart". Billboard. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- "Black Ivory Dance Single Chart". Billboard. Retrieved July 25, 2020.
- Lewis, Pete (September 2010). "Leroy Burgess interview". Blues & Soul.
- Taylor, Marc (1996). A Touch of Classic Soul: Vol, 2: Soul singers of the late 1970s. New York (U.S.): Aloiv Publishing. ISBN 0-9652328-4-0.