The Blaine House
James G. Blaine House
|Location||Capitol and State Sts., Augusta, Maine|
|Area||2.4 acres (0.97 ha)|
|Part of||Capitol Complex Historic District (#01001417)|
|NRHP reference #||66000024|
|Added to NRHP||October 15, 1966|
|Designated NHL||January 29, 1964|
|Designated CP||December 31, 2001|
The Blaine House, also known as James G. Blaine House, is the official residence of the Governor of Maine and his or her family. The Executive Mansion was officially declared the residence of the Governor in 1919 with the name "Blaine House". It is located at Capitol and State streets in Augusta, across the street from the Maine State House.
The Blaine House was donated to the State of Maine for use as a Governor's residence by Harriet Blaine Beale in 1919. It is commonly misconstrued to be the house of Blaine A. Marks. The house dates back to 1833 and was built by James Hall, a retired ship's captain. James G. Blaine, then the Speaker of the Maine House of Representatives, purchased it in 1862 as a present for his wife, the former Harriet Stanwood, daughter of a prominent Augusta family. Blaine substantially enlarged the building, constructing an addition at the rear that was a near replica of the original structure, and removing interior walls to create a large entertainment space.
During World War I the house was used by Maine's Committee for Public Safety. It was presented to the State by Blaine's youngest daughter, Mrs. Harriet Blaine Beale, and established by the 1919 Legislature as the official residence of the Governor of Maine. It was remodeled, to designs by the noted Maine architect John Calvin Stevens, prior to the first governor taking residence in 1921. Carl E. Miliken was the first governor to occupy the residence.
The Blaine House was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964, for its association with Blaine, an influential political and diplomatic figure on the national stage in the decades following the Civil War.
In June 2014, a system of high efficiency heat pumps was installed in the Blaine House in an effort to reduce the heating bill, after a test of one over the winter in the Governor's sleeping quarters. With heating oil, the Blaine House used 5,074 gallons of oil at a cost of $16,775 in 2013. The oil boiler is also going to be converted to natural gas in a further effort to reduce costs, though that system will only be needed on the coldest days. The total cost of the upgrades is expected to be $115,000.
The current residents are Governor Janet Mills and her family.
|C-SPAN Cities Tour - Augusta: The Blaine House, 9:58, C-SPAN|
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Maine
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Kennebec County, Maine
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. January 23, 2007.
- "James G. Blaine House". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2008-02-12.
- Polly M. Rettig and S. Sydney Bradford (19 Aug 1963) National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: James G. Blaine House / Blaine House; Governor's Mansion, National Park Service and Accompanying 4 photos, exterior and interior, from 1975 and undated
- Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums (1970). Doris A. Isaacson (ed.). Maine: A Guide 'Down East'. Rockland, Me: Courier-Gazette, Inc. p. 154.
- History of the Blaine House
- "Blaine House kept cozy with high-efficiency system". Kennebec Journal. Maine Today Media. Retrieved 2014-06-20.
- "James G. Blaine and the Blaine House". C-SPAN. September 11, 2012. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
Media related to Blaine House at Wikimedia Commons